Russian Parliament ratifies WHO's FCTC.
( Framework Convention on Tobacco Control )
NHK BS on April 12, 2008 broadcasts Russia is to ratify FCTC.
(L) A member of Russian parliament is talking to a tobacco company not
to disturb their effort to restrict the tobacco use.
(R) The 99.3% of diet members voted yes to ratify the WHO treaty (FCTC).
(L) The chart shows a comparison of smoker rates to total population, between
Russia and The United States. (Russia RTR)
(R) Smokers in the smoking booth in Russia
The picture shows a smoking scene during a discission at a research institute
Source: NHK broadcast December 2008
Tobacco Control in Russia
The lower house of the Russian parliament has ratified the WHO's FCTC to
ban smoking in public places.
If the bill is fully approved by the upper house, new anti-smoke laws will
come into force for one of the
biggestcigarette-smoking populations in the world. The legislation will
prohibit smoking in workplaces,
restaurants, enclosed sports facilities and government offices. However,
most people worry over the
effect of new law, since the current smoking ban on public transport is
widely ignored. Smoking and
heavy alcohol consumption are two of Russia's important public health problems,
contributing to the
country's declining average life span.
Source: BBC NEWS November 12,2004.
Russian lawmakers consider public smoking ban.
In Russia, a stale cigarette smoke hangs over restaurants and bars, there
are few non-smoking areas.
On the long-distance trains that criss-cross Russia, smokers lurk at the
back of carriages; they congregate
in overcrowded smoking zones of airports, or male toilets to put on cigarettes
besides the urinals before
boarding their flights.
Now, the parliament is considering the Health Minister Tatyana Golikova'
s request to change the law
and ban smoking in bars, nightclubs, restaurants and casinos with the areas
of under 50 sq meters,
followed two years later, by a total ban on smoking in public places. Nightclub
owners in Moscow were
not thrilled at the prospect of a smoking ban. "In New York, only
20 percent of the nightclubs survived
after the smoking was prohibited even though the climate allows people
to go outside and smoke,"
said the owner of two of Moscow's best-known nightclubs, Georgy Petrushin.
Cigarettes cost about $1
a packet in Russia, posters advertising the joy of smoking are displayed
in the streets. However, the
government wants to promote a healthier lifestyle in a country where the
average life expectancy for
men is under 60, far lower than in western Europe, and the population is
Source: Reuters Moscow Feb 20, 2009
Russian Minister Urges Citizens To Smoke, Drink More
Russian Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin is urging his country's citizens
to smoke more cigarettes and
drink more alcohol, as indulging those habits can apparently do wonders
for the local economy.
Kudrin's unconventional advice comes just as Russia prepares to raise excise
duty on both tobacco
and alcohol sales -- and higher consumption of both commodities could help
lift tax revenues for
spending on social services. People should understand: Those who drink,
those who smoke are doing
more to help the state; Kudrin said, as quoted by the Interfax news agency.
"If you smoke a pack
of cigarettes, that means you are giving more to help solve social problems
such as boosting demo-
graphics, developing the other social services and upholding birth rates.
At present, Russian duties
on cigarettes are among the lowest in Europe, with most brands priced at
around 40 rubles (roughly
$1.30) per pack, according to reports. In June, Russia's Finance Ministry
announced plans that could
effectively raise the price from 250 rubles per 1,000 filtered cigarettes
to 590 rubles ($19.20) by 2013.
Given that 65 percent of the nation's men smoke cigarettes, and the average
Russian consumes 19
liters of alcohol (mostly vodka) each year, the price increase is likely
to be unpopular.
Source: www.huffingtonpost.com. September 1, 2010
According to the story from a Japanese woman who is staying in Moscowfor
several years, restaurants
in big cities such as Moscow provide a separate smoking room, and there
is no smoke-free shop, except
of Starbucks. Even in the long-distance trains, a tobacco-smell is often
flowing over the vehicle. Russia
is still the place of smoker's paradise, like other underdeveloped countries.
It has been reported that
the government encourages to smoke cigarette and drink alcohol, to pay
a tax, and a police in general
jointly works in partnership with a mafia to collect a money from a citizen.
Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D.,PhD: November 2011
(L) Hotel Antarius, Paratunka, Elizzovo Region, 32 kms from Petropavlovsk
Airport, Kamchatka Peninsula
All guest rooms are smoke-free.
(R) A valley of geyser, Kamchatka: Photo source, Wikitravel
Russian Ban on Public Smoking to Go To Parliament by Nov. 2012
Russia will submit a law banning smoking in public places to parliament
by November 2012, defying
opposition from leading cigarette makers of Philip Morris International
Inc. (PM) and British-American
Tobacco Plc. (BATS).'Selling cigarettes is basically illegal if we look
at it from the point of view of
protecting consumer rights,' Deputy Health Minister Sergei Velmiaikin told
reporters today in Moscow.
Russia is the world largest tobacco market after China; however, the country
loses 1.5 trillion rubles
($46.3 billion) a year, or 2.5 percent of gross domestic product, because
of premature deaths caused
by smoking. It is not included the extra health costs of treating people
who suffer from tobacco-related
diseases, Velmiaikin said. A draft law published August 2012 by the Health
Ministry calls for outlawing
all cigarette advertising immediately, ending retail sales at kiosks and
banning smoking in public
buildings such as barsand restaurants by January 2015. Eastern Europe,
Africa and the Middle East
generated about a third of salesvolumes at BAT and Philip Morris, according
to the companies.
'Russia is a big success story' for cigarette makers, an analyst at Berenberg
Bank said. About 39 per-
cent of 143 million Russian people are habitual smokers, compared with
28 percent in China and
19.3 percent in the U.S.Smoking-related diseases kill 23 percent of Russian
men, and cause economic
damages equal to 6.3 percent of GDP, according to the Health Ministry,
which says its proposed law
could cut smoking by as much as half, and save 200,000 lives a year.
Japan-Tobacco Inc.(JT), the largest cigarette producer by market value
in Asia, has lobbied against
the proposed legislation. The tobacco companies say that a total ban on
smoking in public places and
on advertising cigarette, is too draconian, while kiosk sales will only
end up hurting small businesses.
They also argue that steep tax increases would not impact demand as much
as the Health Ministry
envisages because it will lead to a flood of cheaper imports from neighboring
countries such as
Belarus, Kazakhstan and China.
Source: Henry Meyer and Stepan Kravchenko - Bloomberg News, Sep 4, 2012
Sobranie Black Russian cigarettes
Medvedev Calls for Public Smoking Ban in Russia by 2015
Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev has said that 44 million Russians, nearly
one in three, are hooked on
smoking, and almost 400,000 die every year of smoking-related causes. Under
the draft legislation,
tobacco advertising will be outlawed and smoking in public places such
as restaurants, bars and hotels
will be phased out. It will also ban kiosks and outlets in stations from
selling cigarettes, much to the
consternation of the kiosk owners who say they could be put out of business.
Deputies in the Russian
Duma, the country's lower house of parliament, voted at its first reading,
with 429 in favor and two
Deputy Health Minister Sergei Velmyaikin said in the Duma that the purpose
of the bill was not to
reduce the number of smokers, but to prevent that number growing. Foreign
tobacco firms, including
British-American Tobacco, Imperial Tobacco, Japan Tobacco, and Philip Morris,control
90 percent of Russian sales and have been lobbying to soften the proposed
legislation. Russia is the
largest tobacco market after China. The cigarette market was estimated
at be worth around $22 billion
in 2011 by Euromonitor International. Lawmakers had initially thought that
the legislation might come
into force early next year but following delays the second reading is not
now expected until spring
2013. If passed, the restrictions will be phased in and are expected to
be fully in force by 2016.
Russia's Finance Ministry has previously announced plans to increase the
excise duty on tobacco by
around 40 percent for 2013 and 2014, and by 10 percent a year, after 2015.
Source: Reuters, December 14, 2012
All restaurants will be smoke-free by 2014 in Russia.
Russian lawmakers approved anti- tobacco legislation that bans smoking
near and in hospitals and
schools and in public transportation and offices as of June 2013. The law
requires the signature of
President Vladimir Putin, who has waged a public health drive in Russia.
The legislation, which also
outlaws tobacco advertising and restricts sales and sponsorship, will extend
to prohibit smoking in
hotels and restaurants in 2014. Philip Morris International Inc., British-American
Tobacco Plc, Japan
Tobacco Inc. and Imperial Tobacco Group Plc, which control 93 percent of
the $19.5 billion Russian
market, had opposed the curbs on cigarette consumption, which were backed
by Prime Minister
Dmitry Medvedev. Lawmakers in Moscow approved the bill by a 441-1 margin.'That
is a social
revolution' said a Russia lawmaker before the vote. The legislation, which
was watered down during
the second reading in January, is a compromise after a multi-million-dollar
campaign by the tobacco
lobby, according to a lawmaker. Some 39 percent of Russians are regular
smokers, according to
the WHO. About 400,000 Russians, or 0.3 percent in the population, die
each year from smoking-
Source: Bloomberg February 13, 2013
President Putin signed law to curb smoking, tobacco sales in Russia.
Lt's cut off fishing hooks. Photograph was taken by Akiyoshi Komaki, Asahi
Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed a law that will ban smoking
in most public places and restrict
cigarette sales in the world's second-largest tobacco market after China.
The law will ban smoking in
some public places such as subways and schools from June 2013, and come
into force a year later in
other places, including restaurants and cafes. It will also ban sales of
tobacco products at street kiosks
from June, 2014, restrict advertising and set minimum prices for cigarettes,
which now cost 50 to 60
roubles a pack (less than $2). President Putin, who started a new six-year
term in 2012 and has pro-
moted healthy life-styles, hopes the law will help undermine an entrenched
cigarette culture and reverse
a decline in Russia's population since the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Advocating the law in a video
blog before it was submitted to parliament in 2012. Prime Minister Dmitry
Medvedev said nearly one in
three Russians were hooked on smoking, and almost 400,000 die each year
from smoking-related causes.
The Kremlin said the law was intended to bring Russia into line with a
World Health Organization tobacco
control treaty that Moscow ratified in 2008. The law faced opposition from
foreign tobacco companies
that dominate a cigarette market estimated to be worth $22 billion in 2011
by the market research
company of Euromonitor International.
Source: Reuters, Moscow Ferbruary 25, 2013
World Lung Foundation congratulated the Russian Federation for passing
comprehensive new tobacco control laws.
The legislation passed through both houses of parliament and was signed
in February 2013, by Russian
President Vladimir Putin. The new law includes the establishment of smoke-free
laws; restrictions on
point of sale and displaying tobacco, advertising, promotion and sponsorship
agreements; and measures
to restrict tobacco industry interference in public health policy.
Smoke-free Russia and Sales Restrictions
Under the legislation, from June 2013, 100% smoke-free policies will be
implemented in educational,
medical, cultural and sport facilities, all government buildings, elevators
and stairwells of apartment
buildings, public transportation and airports and all playgrounds and beaches.$B!!(BFrom
June, 2014, no-
smoke zone will be extended to hospitality venues, including hotels, cafes,
bars and restaurants and long-
distance trains. In addition, sales of tobacco products will be banned
in all rail stations, airports and other
transportation hubs. Comprehensive legislation could save millions of lives
and be a model for Eastern
Source: World Lung Foundation, February 26, 2013
Russian tobacco obtained in July 2014
The left picture, we can easily understand that smoking causes impotence.
The right picture that shows two hands with string means that smoking causes
nicotine addiction. On the front side,
there is the same health warning that emphasis the fact smoking
Tobacco has been struck by being put in a black big box, like as the coffin.
(L) No one can see a cigarette unless a smoker asked to specify the name
of tobacco product to buy.
(R) When a shop clerk opened the top, a series of cigarette can be seen
at the first time.
These photos were taken by Dr. J. Miyamoto at Moscow in July 2014.
Copyright (C)2014 Junhaku Miyamoto, PhD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Smoking ban comes into effect in Russia.
A non-smoking sign posted outside of the State Kremlin Palace.
A law banning smoking in public places has come into force in Russia. From
June 2013, smoking will be
banned at schools, universities, cultural and sports centers, on beaches,
stadiums, playgrounds and
hospitals, and also on planes, on the metro and on public transport. Smoking
near or inside railway
stations, at ports and at airports is now a breach of the law as well.
The new legislation will also apply to
tobacco advertising. Russian President Vladimir Putin signed the ban into
the law on February 25. The
law comes into force on June 1, 2013. However, some of its provisions,
including a total ban on smoking
in restaurants, trains and hotels, will only come into effect one year
Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev said in April that the new legislation
banning smoking in public
places could save up to 200,000 lives annually in Russia, which has some
of the highest rates of smoking
in the world. The legislation also imposes a total ban on tobacco advertising.
Tobacco companies will be
barred from holding promotional prize draws and sponsoring public events
and competitions. The bill
also prohibits a display of tobacco products in shops. Sales in retail
kiosks will be banned from June 2014,
and minimum prices will be set for cigarettes, which currently cost from
just 40 rubles ($1.30) a pack.
The Russian parliament began debating a bill imposing fines of up to 1,500
rubles (about $48) for
smoking in public places.
Source: Voice of Russia, June 1 2013
Smoking Ban in Russia: 2013-2014
No-smoking at the outside terrace in Saint Petersburg
Russia was a tobacco industries' paradise for a long time, with almost
no regulation. However,
the Soviet Union approved countrywide campaigns against smoking. The law
"on the protection of
the population from the harmful effects of cigarette smoke and the consequences
of tobacco con-
sumption" has passed the third and final vote in the State Duma and
will be effective partly from
July 2013 and completely from June 2014. Starting 1 June 2013, smoking
in schools, hospitals,
cultural institutions and government buildings will be restricted, and
tobacco advertising and
sponsorship forbidden. Graphic warnings will become compulsory.
Starting 1 June 2014, smoking will also be prohibited in workplaces, on
aircraft, trains as well as
restaurants and cafes.
Reference: RIA Novosti and others
No-smoking sign at the entrance of a restaurant in Moscow
Vladimir Putin announces plan to ban smoking in Russia by stopping anybody
born after 2015
from ever buying cigarettes.
Russia considers banning sale of cigarettes to anyone born after 2015.
Picture source: AFP
Young Russians born this decade faces complete smoking ban.
It's part of a tough anti-tobacco strategy the country's politicians are
trying to make a reality. The ban
on the sale of tobacco to this generation and younger would continue even
after they reach adulthood.
It's only being considered at the moment, but it could mean smoking eventually
becoming illegal for
source: BBC 11 January 2017
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In 2013, Department of Health, Labor and Welfare announced to assist an
indoor smoking room in restaurant and hotels, and will increase the financial
from the present 25% to50% of the whole construction fee.
Russia 2008-2012 Moscow Moscow 2014 Smoking ban in Russia Russian Smokers
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These articles were written in April 2008, and last revised in December
2021, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.