Islamic Republic of Iran
$B!!(BSource: University of Texas Libraries
Iran, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in western
Asia. The name of Iran has been
in use natively and came into international use from 1935. The country
was k$B#n(Bown and called
as Persia before that year. Both names of Pershia and Iran are used interchangeably
context. However, Iran is the name used officially in a political context.
The Achaemeneid Empire st its greatest extent, at about 500 BC.
(L) Persepolis, the World Heritage site. (R) Green Palace at the Sadabad
(L) The 17th Century painting from Hasht-Bahesht Palace, Isfahan, Iran.
(R) Kelileh va Demneh Persian manuscript copy, 1429.
(L) Illustration from Jami, ' Same youth conversing with suitors, produced
between 1556and 1565
at Mashhad, Iran.
(R) A girl smoking, Mushammad Qasim, Isfahan, 17th Century.
The economy in Iran is a mixture of central planning, in which the state
or workers' council manages
the economy, state ownership of oil and other large enterprises, village
agriculture, and small-scale
private trading and service venture. Its economic infrastructure has been
improving steadily over
the past two decades, but to be affected by inflation and unemployment.
Iran ranks the second in
the world in natural-gas reserves and also in oil reserves and oil exporter.
(L) Iran holds 10% of the world's proven oil reserves and 15% of its gas.
It is OPEC's second largest exporter
and the world's fourth oil producer. (R) Khodro in Iran is the largest
car manufacturer in the Middle-East.
It has the established joint ventures with foreign partners.
Skyline of Tehran.
(L) A garden highway in Tehran.
(R) Maqbaratoshoar, a mausoleum for poets, mystics and famous people.
(L) Mount Damavand, the highest point in Iran, located in Mazanderan, the
northern border of the country.
(R) The ski resort of Dizin is situated at the north of Tehran in the Alborz
Smoking Ban in all Public Places in Iran
Iran has implemented a strict smoking ban in all public places since December
2007. According to
the new law, smoking is prohibited in all public organizations, hotels,
restaurants, tea houses and
coffee shops. The offering and smoking of the traditional Persian water-pipe
which is a must in
Iranian tea houses, was also banned.A smoking ban for all car drivers nationwide
has been enforced.
The act to sell tobacco products to anyone under 18 would result in confiscation
of the vendor's
tobacco products and a cash fine up to 65 dollars. Repeated violations
would lead to cash fines
amounting to 1,400 dollars. Police has been ordered to decisively confront
all restaurant owners
nationwide with a warning first, then temporary closing and, in case of
repetition permanent closing
of their enterprise.
There are no official statistics on the number of smokers in Iran, but
it is said that 60,000 Iranians
die directly or indirectly due to smoking every year.
Source: LiveLeak.Com. December 22, 2007.
$B!!(BSmoking Ban and Tobacco Control in Turkey
$B!!(BSmoking Ban and Tobacco Control in Greece
Human rights in Iran
The government of Iran has been criticized for both restriction and punishments,
follow Islamic Republic's constitution and law, and for actions that do
not, such as the torture,
rape, and killing of political prisoners, and beating and killing dissidents
and other civilians.
Ruhollah Khomeini, a founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1979
The article was written in December 2009, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.