Islamic Republic of Iran

 Source: University of Texas Libraries

Iran, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in western Asia. The name of Iran has
been in use natively and came into international use from 1935. The country was known and
called as Persia before that year. Both names of Pershia and Iran are used interchangeably in
culture context. However, Iran is the name used officially in a political context.

The Achaemeneid Empire st its greatest extent, at about 500 BC.

(L) Persepolis, the World Heritage site. (R) Green Palace at the Sadabad Palace complex,Tehran.

(L) The 17th Century painting from Hasht-Bahesht Palace, Isfahan, Iran.
(R) Kelileh va Demneh Persian manuscript copy, 1429.

(L) Illustration from Jami, ' Same youth conversing with suitors, produced between 1556and 1565
at Mashhad, Iran.
(R) A girl smoking, Mushammad Qasim, Isfahan, 17th Century.

The economy in Iran is a mixture of central planning, in which the state or workers' council
manages the economy, state ownership of oil and other large enterprises, village agriculture,
and small-scale private trading and service venture. Its economic infrastructure has been
improving steadily over the past two decades, but to be affected by inflation and unemploy-
ment. Iran ranks the second in the world in natural-gas reserves and also in oil reserves and
oil exporter.
Source: Wikipedia

(L) Iran holds 10% of the world's proven oil reserves and 15% of its gas. It is OPEC's second largest exporter
and the world's fourth oil producer. (R) Khodro in Iran is the largest car manufacturer in the Middle-East.
It has the established joint ventures with foreign partners.

Skyline of Tehran.

(L) A garden highway in Tehran.
(R) Maqbaratoshoar, a mausoleum for poets, mystics and famous people.

(L) Mount Damavand, the highest point in Iran, located in Mazanderan, the northern border of the country.
(R) The ski resort of Dizin is situated at the north of Tehran in the Alborz Mountains range.

Iran enforced a smoking ban in enclosed public places.

Iran has implemented a strict smoking ban in all public places since December 2007. According to
the new law, smoking is prohibited in all public organizations, hotels, restaurants, tea houses and
coffee shops. The offering and smoking of the traditional Persian water-pipe which is a must in
Iranian tea houses, was also banned.A smoking ban for all car drivers nationwide has been

The act to sell tobacco products to anyone under 18 would result in confiscation of the vendor's
tobacco products and a cash fine up to 65 dollars. Repeated violations would lead to cash fines
amounting to 1,400 dollars. Police has been ordered to decisively confront all restaurant owners
nationwide with a warning first, then temporary closing and, in case of repetition permanent
closing of their enterprise.

There are no official statistics on the number of smokers in Iran, but it is said that 60,000 Iranians
die directly or indirectly due to smoking every year.
Source: LiveLeak.Com. December 22, 2007.

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Human rights in Iran

The government of Iran has been criticized for both restriction and punishments, which
follow Islamic Republic's constitution and law, and for actions that do not, such as the torture,
rape, and killing of political prisoners, and beating and killing dissidents and other civilians.

Ruhollah Khomeini, a founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1979

とも言われている。 首都はテヘラン。1979年にホメイニー師によるイラン・イスラム革命により国を



そして 反体制派および他の市民に対する暴力と殺害との双方を批判されている。女性に対しては

題材に書いた小説である。 しかし現代の出来事や人物に強く関連付けられた内容がムスリム社会では

Source: Wikipedia

執筆 医学博士 宮本順伯
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This information was provided by the Smokefree Hotel and Travel.
The article was written in December 2009, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.


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