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Restrictions on Smoking in South Korea



Smoking ban in Korea

The South Korean government announced that the national parks were to be completely non-smoking, in order
to improve the protection of the environment and tourists' health.

Korea National Park management plan, which will begin from 2013, all national parks will be completely smoke-free,
offenders face 100000 won ($88 ) fine. "We plan to start in the entire national park main attractions to achieve
' smokeless'," officials said, "so that everyone can enjoy the fresh air and beautiful natural scenery, the need for
public voluntary active complexes."


No smoking sign on the approach road to the Seokguram Grotto in Gyeoooongju

No smoking signs: Seokguram Grotto, Busan Tower park and Gyeonbokgung Palace


Seoul has prohibited smoking in large buildings for several years but has not taken similar steps for outdoor smoking
even in areas where large numbers of people gather.Smoking has been cited for causing various forms of cancer
and other life-threatening diseases, and could put a strain on the economy by causing a rise in medical outlays
down the line. Secondhand smoke is also a problem as it endangers the health of non-smokers.


(L) A separate smoking area of Haendel and Gretel Cafe, Seoul (R) A smoking area outside the Lotte department store, Seoul


No smoking is allowed within the ground of Chang Deok Gung Palace, and of Gyeongbokgung Palace, Seoul, South Korea.


No smoking sign plate at the Chang Deok Gung Palace and garbage boxes in the Chang Deok Gung Palace


Since 2006, smoking has been banned inside government facilities and office buildings with a floor area of more
than 1,000 sq.m. The legislation does apply to smaller facilities or smoking in the immediate vicinity outside
the buildings. Seoul instituted a ban on pedestrians smoking on streets, which went into effect in August 2010.
South Korean Health, Welfare and Family Affairs Ministry banned smoking in 16 kinds of public places in March 2011.
Those places included the largest buildings, hotels, schools, sports arenas, large restaurants, comic book stores,
government buildings, train stations and airports.


(L) No-smoking signs observed at train platform and inside train (R) No-smoking area sign observed at Seoul station

Smoking booth is located at the entrance to the Busan Gimhae International Airport.
Seoul Incheon International Airport provides separate smoking rooms, at Passenger Terminal, Departure Area, 3F,
at Passenger Terminal, Domestic Airline Offices, 2F, at Passenger Terminal, Public Area, 1F, at Concourse, 2F, and Concourse, 3F.

(L) Cigar shop near the entrance to the Shilla Hotel, Seoul (R) A drop flag of cigarette sale on a pedestrian walk, seen in Seoul.


Tobacco Prices

A cigarette price in South Korea is cheaper, compared with other advanced countries. However, in general,
a consumer price of this country is relatively low. As in Japan, a promotion picture appealing smokers' mind
was observed in most of the tobacco shops in Korea. Marlboro is sold at 2,700 won ($2.37) in Busan convenience
store. A local brand cigarette is sold at 2,500 won ( $2.20) . Cigar Master cost 5,000 won ( $4.40) . In Seoul,
a local brand cigarette price is between the range of 2,000 ( $1.76 ) and 2,500 won. Kent and Marlboro brand
cigarette is sold at a price of 2,700 won in a convenience store.



Tobacco display at the City of Busan, Korea

Tobacco display at the City of Busan, Korea

Tobacco display at the City of Seoul, Korea

Tobacco display at the City of Seoul, Korea

Tobacco display at the City of Seoul, Korea

(L) A street booth which sells tobacco products
(R) Marlboro and health warning in Korean It says it is prohibited to sell a tobacco to a minor under age of 19.
Cigarette contains nitrosamines, nicotine, benzopyrene, cadmium and acetaldehyde.

Tobacco display at Incheon International Airport
It says the price is very attractive, 60% lower than the Japanese city prices, and 40% cheaper that of airport prices.

Tobacco display at Incheon International Airport
Marlboro and Mild-Seven (Japanese brand ) are sold at the tax-free price of US$19.
In 2012, Japan Tobacco Inc. changed the name of MILD SEVEN to MEVIUS to exchange public criticism of the word
of 'gentle' or 'light'. The adverse effect of the product to the human body is the totally same.

Tobacco display at Incheon International Airport
Camel and Marlboro are sold at the tax-free price of US$19.


  International comparison of cigarette prices and taxes


Smoking to be banned at all South Korean restaurants by 2016

The South Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare announced that it would gradually impose a smoking ban for
all restaurants throughout the country by the year of 2016. The Seoul Metropolitan Government also said it
will enforce the all-out ban from 2014. Currently, restaurants with area bigger than 150 square meters are
required to allocate half of their space to be smoking-free areas. The announcement came on the same day
that a law to impose a fine of 100,000 won (US$86) on that caught smoking at 1,950 public spots in the capital
came into effect. Places where smoking is banned include Seoul, Gwanghwamun and Cheonggye plazas in
downtown Seoul, which was under non-smoking regulation, as well as large boulevards in southern Seoul,
bus stops and parks.
Source: The Korea Herald, Seoul, June 1. 2012


Smoking ban in all restaurants and bars starts in January 2015.

South Korea enforced strict smoking bans in public places from July 2013, with fines of 100,000 won on any spotted
smoker and up to 5 million won on shop owners not following the law. From December 2012, smoking has been
completely banned in the following places: Bars and restaurants larger than 150 square meters, cafes, government
buildings, kindergartens, schools, universities, hospitals, youth facilities, libraries, children's playgrounds, private
academies, subway or train stations and their platforms and underground pathways, large-sized buildings, theaters,
department stores or shopping malls, large-scale hotels and highway rest areas. More places now offering smoking
-areas separated by glass walls. The law has extended to bars and restaurants larger than 100 square meters since
January 2014.

From 1 January 2015, South Korea will completely ban smoking on all bars, restaurants and cafes regardless of size,
including any smoking rooms. Any spotted smoker must pay fines of 100,000 won, and up to 5 million won on shop
owners not obeying the law.

South Korea enforced strict smoking bans in public places since July 2013, with fines of 100,000 won on any spotted
smoker and up to 5 million won on shop owners not following the law. It is illegal to smoke in all bars and restaurants,
cafes, internet cafes, government buildings, kindergartens, schools, universities, hospitals, youth facilities, libraries,
children's playgrounds, private academies, subway or train stations and their platforms and underground pathways,
large-scale buildings, theaters, department stores or shopping malls, hotels and highway rest areas. The strict bans
came into force gradually beginning with a firm larger than 150 square meters in 2012, extended to 100 square
meters in 2014, with a full-fledged complete nationwide ban in January 2015.
Source: Wikipedia



韓国政府が外国メディアに対し喫煙規制に関する情報を多く発信していないため、日本で得られる
情報は限られている。 一部メディアの報道によれば2009年12月から16に及ぶ公共施設内では喫煙が
禁止されているはずである。

しかし、今回の喫煙規制検証では、 かなりあいまいな部分があることが判明した。例えばホテルでの
喫煙禁止であるが、多くの国で喫煙客室を私的空間として例外扱いしているが、 韓国も同じだ。
問題はロビーと空間を共有しているバーで喫煙を許しているところが多々存在することだ。ソウルの
ハイアットホテルが そのひとつであるが、チェックインカウンター前の椅子席から、いくつかの
タバコの赤い火が薄暗いロビーで際立って見えた。釜山ロッテホテル以外では 屋内喫煙所は
見当たらなかったが、それが合法か否かも判然としない。JWマリオットホテルを含め、いくつかの
ホテルで、レストランは分煙,バーは喫煙となっており、政府の提唱する喫煙規制の内容が判然としない。

釜山、ソウルいずれの市内の飲食店に禁煙標識はほとんど見かけない。しかし、夜の居酒屋で何人かの
喫煙する客を見かけたが、普通の飲食店でタバコを吸っている人は見かけない。釜山のタクシー運転手の
話では「タバコを 店内で吸うと吸わない人の迷惑となるでしょう。空間を分けた分煙設備のないところは、
すべて全面禁煙です。」とのことである。 「韓国ではすでに製造段階でタクシー車には灰皿をつけて
いない。」「タクシーの中でタバコを吸うと乗客には10万ウオン(約7,000円)、 運転手が吸うと
100万ウオン(約70,000円)の罰金が科せられる。」 との話もしてくれた。

2013年からはすべての国立公園内での喫煙禁止を発表しているが、すでに寺院の敷地内、遊歩道で
の喫煙は全面禁止している。実際、すべての人がそのルールを守っている。ごみの投棄もなく非常に
清潔である。歩いていて本当に気持ち良い。ソウルや釜山の市内のを歩行喫煙する人は、夜の繁華街
を除き、ほとんどいない。


韓国のタバコは安い。物価水準が違うので単純には比較できないが、ソウル市内でも、釜山市内でも、
マルボロひと箱が2700ウオン(日本円で188円)である。空港免税店では1カ−トン、1520円である。
キャンペーンでは日本の市中価格より60%, 空港免税価格より40%安いとしている。韓国には
2002年に民営化されたKT&G (Korea Tobacco & Ginseng )があり、国内販売シェアは80%近くで、
世界市場でも6位と記載されている。外国タバコを含め、タバコの箱にはその成分(化学名)が
記載されているが、医化学関係の人を除いた一般の人にはとても難解で、これでは健康警告にはならない。
日本と似ているが、タバコ売場には喫煙意欲をかき立てるような猛牛イメージなどが表示されていた。


韓国全面禁煙制定へ

2015年から、韓国の全ての飲食店が禁煙となる。保健福祉部(省に相当)は、こうした内容を柱とする
「国民健康増進法」の施行規則改正案をまとめ、立法予告すると発表した。 改正案によると、面積が
150平方メートル以上の一般飲食店やカフェ、製菓店(7万6000カ所)は、2012年12月から店舗全体を
禁煙区域とすることが義務付けられる。コーヒーショップやファストフード店、パン屋などは禁煙区域
指定対象に含まれる。2014年には100平方メートル以上の飲食店(7万7000カ所)、2015年からは
100平方メートル未満の全ての飲食店(52万8000カ所)に全面禁煙が義務付けられる。 全面禁煙区域
に指定された場所で、外部と遮断された換気扇付きの密室の喫煙空間を設置することは認められる。
カラオケバーや遊興酒店(日本のキャバクラのような風俗店)などは,2012年の規制より除外された

引用:朝鮮日報日本語版 李智恵 June 28, 2012

韓国では2015年1月1日から全てのレストランや飲食店が禁煙となる。韓国の保健福祉省が発表した。
現在韓国では面積が100平方メートル以上のカフェやレストランのみが禁煙となっているが、
2015年からインターネットカフェを含む全ての飲食店が禁煙となる。電子たばこも規制の対象となる。
違反者にはおよそ10万ウォン(約91ドル)、飲食店の経営者には170万ウォン(約1530ドル)の罰金が
科せられる。韓国ではおよそ48.3パーセントの男性が喫煙者となっており、経済協力開発機構
(O EC D 加盟国の中で最も高い割合となっている。



New Year brings in smoking ban in Korea.

Policy will outlaw cigarettes in all cafes, bars and restaurants. Starting January 2015, smoking will no longer be allowed
at restaurants, cafes or bars, regardless of their size, though it appears neither shop owners nor smokers are ready
to accept the policy. The ban now also applies to about 600,000 smaller restaurants, coffee shops and bars nationwide.

However, smoking will be allowed only if those stores set up ventilated smoking booths that are completely separate
from where food or drinks are served. Still, the exception seems meaningless to most shops that came under the new year’s
no-smoking policy.
Source: Korea JoongAng Daily, 1 January 2015.

韓国では2015年1月から全てのレストランや飲食店が禁煙となった。インターネットカフェ、
バーを含む全ての飲食店が禁煙となる。例外規定は残されているものの、バーやカフェに
設けられている閉鎖型喫煙室は廃止せねばならない。飲食を伴わない喫煙するために使用される
換気装置の完備した屋内喫煙ブース(例えば空港の喫煙ブース)は残される。

Smoking in South Korea

Smoking in South Korea is similar to other developed countries in the OECD, with a daily smoking rate of 19.9% in 2013
compared to 20.9% in Germany and 19.3% in Japan. However, male smoking is among the highest at 36.2% while female
smoking by far the lowest at 4.3%. The South Korean government aims to take down male smoking rate to the OECD average
of 29% by 2020 by making the country one of the world's most difficult places to smoke, using a combination of significant
price hikes, mandatory warning photos on cigarette packs, advertising bans, financial incentives and medical help for quitting
along with a complete smoking ban in public places including all bars, restaurants and cafes.

South Korea enforced strict smoking bans in public places since July 2013, with fines of 100,000 won on any spotted smoker
and up to 5 million won on shop owners not following the law. It is illegal to smoke in all bars and restaurants, cafes,
internet cafes, government buildings, kindergartens, schools, universities, hospitals, youth facilities, libraries, children's playgrounds,
private academies, subway or train stations and their platforms and underground pathways, large buildings, theaters,
department stores or shopping malls, large hotels and highway rest areas. The strict bans came into force gradually beginning
with a ban on places larger than 150 square meters in 2012, extended to 100 square meters in 2014,

with a full-fledged complete nationwide ban on 1 January 2015.

Nationwide

Smoking is illegal and strictly prohibited in the following premises:

  • Office, multi-use or factory buildings larger than 1,000 square meters in floor area (of which offices, conference rooms,
  • auditorium and lobby must be smoke-free).
  • Institutions larger than 1,000 square meters in floor area (of which classrooms, waiting rooms and lounges must be smoke-free).
  • Shopping malls, department stores and underground malls (of which any shop selling goods must be smoke-free).
  • Hotels and resorts (of which the lobby must be smoke-free).
  • Universities (of which lecture rooms, lounges, auditorium, cafeteria and conference hall must be smoke-free).
  • Indoor sports facilities such as basketball and volleyball courts which can seat more than 1,000 people
  • (of which the seats and pathways must be smoke-free).
  • Social welfare facilities (of which the living and working rooms, lounge, cafeteria and conference hall must be smoke-free).
  • Airports, bus terminals and train stations (of which waiting rooms, domestic flights, cabins, inside trains, subway car
  • and its platform and underground stations and underground pathways must be smoke-free).
  • Any vehicle that can seat more than 16 people.
  • Public baths (of which changing rooms and bathing rooms must be smoke-free).
  • Game arcades, comic book renting shops and internet cafes.
  • Bars, restaurants, cafes, fast food restaurants and bakeries, regardless of size.
  • Baseball or football stadiums which can seat more than 1,000 people
  • (of which the seats and pathways must be smoke-free).
  • Kindergartens, primary and secondary schools.
  • Hospitals and health centers.
  • Nurseries.
  • Taxis.
Source:Wikipedia

Republic of Korea: Smoking ban extended
WHOの公式HPでも上記規制事項を確認している。

1)日本の厚生労働省の「受動喫煙防止対策」のたたき台に記載されている『韓国では原則禁煙であるが、
飲食店では喫煙室の設置が認められている』は情報が古く、正確さに欠ける。
飲食店は規模の大小を問わず全面禁煙で、例外規定は残されているものの、バーやカフェに設けられていた
閉鎖型喫煙室は廃止せねばならない。
:新たな設置を認めているわけではないし、その中での飲食は不可。
2)『原則乗り物内禁煙で喫煙室の設置可』とあるが、座席数16以上の車両はすべて禁煙と定めている。
韓国内の鉄道はすでに、喫煙室なしの、全面禁煙となっている。
こうした間違った、すでに
廃棄されている規制情報を元に日本の今後の対策を決めてはならない。
2017年3月 「禁煙席ネット」宮本順伯


Korea
Korea 2009 Smoking Restriction in Korea 2012 Hotels in Korea Railways in Korea
Korean tours Korea 2012


韓国で屋内全面禁煙規制
 2012年5月写真撮影および執筆 2012年7月加筆 2014年12月加筆 2015年1月加筆 2017年3月加筆
「禁煙席ネット」主宰 日本タバコフリー学会顧問 医学博士 宮本順伯
「禁煙席ネット」へのリンクは自由
The article was written in May and revised in January 2015. All photographs were taken in May 2012,
by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.
A new information was added in January 2015 and in March 2017.



Smoking ban in hotels in South Korea



Special Note
 Two South Kuril and two islands off Hokkaido are the own land of Japan.
 
全室禁煙ホテル(日本全国)
 世界の鉄道車内は完全禁煙
 レストラン、カフェ、鉄道の全面禁煙はオリンピック開催の前提条件
 受動喫煙防止でWHOが各国政府に屋内全面禁煙の法制化を勧告


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 テレビ小窓の人物表示をやめよ  朝日新聞私の視点 「受動喫煙防止法を制定せよ」   南千島、北方4島は日本固有の領土
 生活基盤と自然とを調和させた未来を  喝!日本の政治社会批判   警告 :節税賃貸住宅が乱立


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smokefree.jpn.com
受動喫煙防止条例  屋内全面禁煙  鉄道車内完全禁煙レンタカー レストラン バー 飲食店 ホテル 空港 公共空間 喫煙規制
Restaurant hotel railway rent-a-car travel airport tobacco smoking ban