Hong Kong in 2007



Smoking Ban in Hong Kong in 2007


A night view of Hong Kong from kowloon. Photographed in December 2007.

Hong Kong was a Britsh Crown colony. In 1984 the two countries signed the Sino-British Joint Declaration,
agreeing to transfer sovereignty to the People's Republic of China in 1997 and stipulating that Hong Kong
would be governed as a special administrative region, retaining its laws and a high degree of autonomy
for at least fifty years after the transfer.


Hong Kong in the late nineteenth century was a major trading post of the British Empire.

Hong Kong enforced a blanket smoking ban in public places.


Hong Kong's government is set to enforce a blanket smoking ban in public places from the July 1, 2009.
It aimed to protect workers in the city's bars, nightclubs, bathhouses, massage establishments and
mahjong parlors from second-hand smoke.
The Census and Statistics Department of Hong Kong figures
that show restaurant business is up to
30 percent since the ban was enforced two years ago. However, people are more worried about
short-term job security than long-term health, because a ban is likely to make thousands unemployed.
The Entertainment Business Rights Concern group points to studies conducted in Britain that a bar
and pub business declined by around 15 percent in the two years after smoking bans.

In many countries in the world is now prohibiting smoking in public places. The smoke-free eateries
were becoming a worldwide trend, and the smoking ban is thought as a quite good measure, so is
welcomed by a tourist visiting Hong Kong. The government official also said in the statement "A number
of establishments have attracted guests who are non-smokers or dislike second-hand smoke after the
implementation of the ban.

The latest government figures showed about 840,000 people aged 15 or above, of the seven-million
population of Hong Kong, were smokers. Any smokers caught breaking the new law will be subject to
a maximum penalty of HK$5,000 (US $644).
Reference: Agence France-Presse June 29, 2009 and others.


(L) A notice to all hotel guests that Hong Kong's a smoking ban prohibits smoking indoors.
(R) Government ordinance enforced non-smoking in a restaurant in Hong Kong.

Swire Hotels The Upper House in Pacific Place has announced that, effective from March 2010,
all of the hotel’s 117 guestrooms will be smoke-free. The hotel takes this preventative measure
to ensure its rooms are smoke-free at all times, something that a growing number of guests are
requesting.

H
Smoking Restriction at Hotels in the World: Actual Survey
The ratio of a non-smoking guest room to the total hotel rooms was calculated,
based on-the-spot investigation.



(L) An information board of the smoking ban in the public places. The max.imum fine is HK$,5000.
(R) Restaurants stand both sides of the Hong Kong street. Photographed in December 2007.

No smoking sign plate in the Hong Kong MTR station. Photographed in December 2007.

No smoking sign plate in the Hong Kong International Airport. Photographed in December 2008.


Hong Kong cerebrates a new year of 2008. Photographed in December 2007.

(L) The city of Hong Kong viewed from aircraft. (R) The largest temple in Hog Kong, Won TaiSin Temple.
Photographed in January 1991.

Hong Kong Skykine


香港でレストラン、バー、公共的施設を全面禁煙

アジア太平洋地区で喫煙率が最も低いと言われた香港での喫煙対策は英国統治時代の1982年にさかのぼる。1997年
に中国に返還されたが、その後、喫煙対策をさらに加速させた。1998年当時の男性喫煙率は40%であったが今は
14%まで減少している。日本の若い女性の喫煙率は20%を大きく超えているが、香港では3%程度である。

2007年1月から香港特別行政区では公共の場所での喫煙を禁止する禁煙条例が施行された。規制対象は職場、
レストラン、学校、病院、宿舎、などであり、海水浴場、学校、病院、プールなどの場所では屋外も喫煙規制の対象と
なっている。2009年7月には全面禁煙の範囲はバー、酒場、カラオケ店、麻雀、ナイトクラブ、マッサージ店にも
及び、喫煙規制は強化されている。全面禁煙規制導入の理由は働くものたちをタバコ副流煙の被害から守るため
である。違反者には罰金、5000香港ドル(2008年1月の交換レートは1香港ドル=約15円)が科せられる。
違反者を摘発するため「喫煙情報ホットライン」の回線を増やして取り締まりの強化を図っている。

2007年12月、「禁煙席ネット」会員が香港喫煙規制状況を検証してきた。驚いたことにホテルのロビー、
レストランなどの飲食店で、禁煙標がないにも拘わらず、誰一人喫煙している人がいなかったことである。それが
小さな飲食店でも完全に守られていた。街の中(野外)でタバコを吸っている人は少ないようだ。喫煙人口の減少、
モラルの向上、「喫煙情報ホットライン」(密告制度)を受けての取り締まりの結果がそこに現れているので
あろう。

香港では人口7000万人のうち、840,000人が喫煙者で、喫煙と受動喫煙による健康被害額は53億香港ドル
(約813億円)とされている。機会あるごとに、人為的に回避出来る死亡の最大の原因は喫煙行為にあることを
広報している香港特別行政区の姿勢を高く評価したい。衛生福祉食物局のヨーク・チョウ局長は、「私たちは市民が
健康になること、喫煙者の数が減ることを望んでいる。これから時間をかけて段階的にタバコ対策を実施していく
予定だ」と語っている。
引用 Tobacco Control Office ,Department of Health,The Government of Hong Kong


 Taiwan adopted a new Tobacco Hazard Prevention and Control Act.

 India enforced a carpet smoking ban in indoor public places.
 Greece enforced a total smoking ban in enclosed public places.


Hong Kong/Macau
Hong Kong 2007 Hong Kong and HongKong Railway 2012 Hong Kong life Smoking ban in Hong Kong
Smoking rooms in hotels of Hong Kong High-Speed Rail from/to HongKong
Macau Smoking rooms in hotels of Macau


香港 2007
2008年2月執筆 2009年3月加筆  2009年11月英文加筆 2010年4月英文加筆 2013年1月一部加筆
執筆 医学博士 宮本順伯
This Web site is link-free.
This information was provided by the Smokefree Hotel and Travel.
The article was written in February 2008, and revised in January 2013,
by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.




Hong Kong 2012



Special Note: 日本語表示

 Russia unduly occupies our Northern Territories of Japan.
 Smoke-free hotels in Japan
 
Domestic travel in Japan
 WHO: Smoking should be banned in all public spaces.
 World population: seven billion v.s. Declining birth rate in Japan
 Nobody in the earth can destroy the natural beauty of the land.
 Stop merging war criminals and war victims at Yasukuni Shrine.
 Tax saving's rental housing is mushrooming.

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