The State of Arizona is one of the 'four corners states'. The state borders
share with the states of
New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, California and the 626 kms international border
with Mexico. In the state,
Grand Canyon, many other national forests, parks, monuments and Indian
reservations are within the
boundary. The capital and the largest city is Phoenix. The second largest
city in Arizona is Tucson.
Arizona is noted for its desert climate, exceptionally hot summers, and
mild winters. The northern area
of the state, with pine forests and mountain ranges, is cooler than the
lower deserts. Arizona is known
as the fastest growing state in the United States in the survey of 2006. Source: Wikipedia
University of Texas Libraries
Due to its large area and variations in elevation the state has a wide
variety of localized climate conditions.
In the lower elevations, the climate is primarily desert, with mild winters
and hot summers. From late fall to
early spring, the average lowest temperatures are 16$B!k(B C.. November through
February is the coldest months
with temperatures ranging from 4$B!k(B C to 24$B!k(B C, although occasional frosts
are not uncommon. About
midway through February, the temperatures start to rise again with warm
days, and cool breezy nights.
The summer months of June through September bring a dry heat ranging from
32$B!k(BC to 49$B!k(BC. Source: Wikipedia
Grand Canyon National Park and the vehicle permit to the park. Both were
photographed in September 1962, by Dr. J. Miyamoto.
(L) This picture shows a dry land and canyon. The highway in the right
connects with the Grand Canyon National park,
which was photographed in September 1962, by Dr. J. Miyamoto.
(R) Yama post office, located in the southwestern Arizona, near the Mexican
(L) Meteor Crater in the northern Arizona desert (R) A suburban residence
in the Phoenix metropolitan area
Statewide smoking ban in Arizona
A smoking ban was enforced in public places from May 2007. It prohibits
smoking in all bars,
restaurants, and workplaces.
- These include restaurants, bars, grocery stores, or any establishment that serves
- Office buildings and work areas such as meeting rooms, employee lounges,
- classrooms, and private offices
- Health care facilities, hospitals, health care clinics, and doctors' offices
- Company-owned or employer-owned vehicles during working hours
- if the vehicle is occupied by more than one person.
- Enclosed common areas in hotels and motels
- Lobbies, elevators, restrooms, reception areas, halls, stairways
- any other enclosed common-use areas in public and private buildings
- including condominiums and other multiple-unit residential facilities.
Arizona Department of health reported the responses of residents in Arizona,
one year after the smoking
ordinance became effective in May 2007. The announcement is as follows:
We are proud to state that
one year after the Smoke-Free Arizona Act went into effect, a high level
of compliance has been achieved.
Most employers responded well in creating the workplaces free from the
tobacco-smoke, while the number
of complaints declined significantly, this resulting in cleaner air for
Total Smoking Ban in USA
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in New Jersey$B!!(B
$B!!(BSmoke-free Illinois Act$B!!(B
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in California$B!!(B1998
$B!!(BBeverly Hills banned in all outdoor dining areas$B!!(B
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in a condominium of California
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in the State of Washington
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in Oregon$B!!!!(B
$B!!(BMontana passed statewide smoking Ban
$B!!(BColorado Clean Indoor Air Act
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in Arizona$B!!(B
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in the State of Maine
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in Vermont$B!!(B
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in the $B#M(Bassachusetts state.
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in New York$B!!(B
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in Maryland$B!!(B
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in Washington, D.C.
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in Minnesota$B!!(B
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in Delaware$B!!(B
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in Ohio$B!!(B
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in Iowa$B!!(B
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in Utah$B!!(B
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in Rhode Island$B!!(B
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in Nevada$B!!(B
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in Virginia
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in Michigan$B!!(B
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in Wisconsin
$B!z(BThis Web site is link-free.
The article was written in September 2008, ,by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D.,