Spain poised for tough no-smoking law.
Spain, a country famed for its smoke-filled bars, cafes and restaurants,
is poised to enact a tough
new anti-smoking law, eliminating its status as Western Europe's last country
where lighting up
in indoor public places is allowed.
The bill passed by the parliamentary commission calls for transforming
all bars and restaurants into
no-smoking zones, bringing Spain in line with the European Union's strictest
and many U.S. states that bar smoking in enclosed public places. It's expected
to pass the Senate
and become law on January 2011.
The law also will make Spain a tougher place to smoke than many other European
countries where bars
and restaurants are still allowed to have smoking sections, and will prohibit
smoking in outdoor places
such as play grounds and the grounds of schools and hospitals. The current
law put in place in 2006
prohibits smoking in the workplace, and workers puffing away just outsidetheir
office buildings are a
common sight. However, that law aimed at cracking down on smoking permitted
owners of most bars
and cafes to decide on their own whether to allow smoking - and almost
all ended up doing so, leading
critics to label the earlier law a total failure. Those bar and cafe owners
will lose the privilege, and
arger restaurants that still have the smoking sections will have to get
rid of them.
Officials predict thousands of lives now lost to secondhand smoke will
be saved. Bar and restaurant
owners hope to win an exception in the law allowing them to construct hermetically
sections, but the parliamentary commission voted down that option. Hotels
will be allowed to set
aside 30 per cent of rooms for smokers. The bill endorsed by Prime Minister
Jose Luis Rodriguez
Zapatero and his governing Socialist Party next goes for debate in the
senate where it is likely to be
approved quickly or sent back with minor changes for approval in the lower
It expects to lose business?
A man, who owns a small bar and smokes himself, expects to lose business
because so many of his
regulars come every day for beers and Spanish tapas, and then automatically
light up, often passing away
hours drinking and smoking with their friends. He said many others also
fear Spain could lose crucial
tourism revenue because it's among the last European nations where travelers
are free to smoke in eateries.
Spain's main restaurant and bar federation predicted the law will lead
to 145,000 lost jobsand a 10 per cent
decline in revenue for the sector, but the health ministry said similar
laws put in place in recent years in
nations ranging from Britain to France and Italy did not hurt business
Health Minister Trinidad Jimenez noted that smokers will still be allowed
to smoke on the open-air terraces
of bars, and many Spanish bars have them, often setting up tables and chairs
on the sidewalk. Other
exceptions were provided for jails, psychiatric institutions and retirement
homes. A nonsmoker welcomed
the law, saying he'll finally be able to breathe cleanly when he goes out
for a coffee or a beer. And the bars
themselve will be cleaner, because most Spanish bars let the smokers to
put their stubbed butts out on
Spain's National Committee for the Prevention of Smoking says up to 1,000
Spanish bar waiters die yearly
from lung cancer, mainly from breathing in so much secondhand smoke. Many
more lives would be saved
eventually in Spain by making it more difficult for smokers to puff away
almost anywhere, said Dr. Jose Carreras
who heads the anti-smoking unit at Madrid's Hospital Carlos III. He said.
"This means that in 20-year time,
there will be a decrease in deaths due to smoking-related diseases.
Source: The Associate Press October 20, 2010
Source: Spain TVE.: NHK TV, October 20, 2010
Spain's lawmakers voted for tough smoking ban.
The new law tightens restrictions introduced in 2006 by forbidding smoking
in any enclosed public space Spanish
lawmakers have voted to approve a tough anti-smoking law, meaning that
from January, bars and restaurants
will be no-smoking zones. Smokers will also not be allowed to light up
on television broadcasts, near hospitals or
in the school playgrounds. Thebill, was passed in the lower house by 189
votes to 154. Bar and cafe owners fear
the law will adversely affect business.
Bar complaints Spain was once famed for its smoke-filled bars, corner cafes
and restaurants, but the new law tightens
restrictions introduced in 2006 by forbidding smoking in any enclosed public
space. Tuesday's vote rejected a
Senate amendment to allow casinos to have smoking areas. Moves to allow
bars to build sealed cubicles for smokers
also failed. While the 2006 anti-smoking law prohibited smoking in the
workplace, it came under fire for letting bar
and restaurant owners choose whether or not to allow smoking.
Source: BBC News 22 December 2010
Spain Introduces Tough New Smoking Ban
Spain has introduced one of Europe's toughest smoking bans that even prohibits
lighting up in open spaces like
children's playgrounds and outside hospitals. Fines for breaking the ban,
which took effect in January 2010, range
from 30 euros to 600,000 euros. Aside from playgrounds and access points
to schools and hospitals, smoking is
also banned in bars, restaurants, disco, casinos and airports. However,
hotels are allowed to reserve 30% of their
rooms for smokers. Spain's Health Minister Leire Pajin previously said:
"We should remember that more than 70%
of Spain's population are non-smokers. "So it is logical to think
they will be more comfortable in bars when there is
no tobacco smoke in them." Fears are mounting that the ban at bars
will cost jobs The Spanish Federation of
Hostelry estimates the ban could lead to the loss of up to 350,000 jobs,
as many Spaniards will stay at home rather
than go without a cigarette at bars.
At the same time, the government, struggling to pay off a huge deficit
during an economic slowdown, seems to
be hoping the ban will not stop too many Spaniards from smoking. Last month,
among a battery of austerity
measures, it announced a rise in tobacco tax which it hopes will bring
in an extra 780 million euros a year. Until
now, bar owners could decide whether to allow smoking, depending on the
size of their premises, while larger
bars and restaurants had to have a designated smoking area. Similar legislation
in Ireland has had a limited
economic effect. By 2012, all the 27 EU member states should have banned
smoking in enclosed zones.
Source: Sky News Online, UK, January 02, 2011
A tough new anti-smoking law has taken effect in Spain.
Photo source: AP
Spain has a strong cafe culture, and the owners of bars and cafes have
complained the law will hurt business.
Hotel, restaurant and bar owners have said they could face a 10% drop in
trade with the new rules. The industry
has already seen a sharp fall in sales due to Spain's economic problems.
However, doctors argue the new legislation
will help smokers give up. Some 50,000 Spaniards a year died from smoking-related
illnesses, according to figures from the Spanish health
ministry, which estimates that "between three and nine" people
a day died because of passive smoking.
BBC News Europe January 02, 2011
Spain has introduced one of Europe's toughest smoking bans.
Aside from playgrounds and access points to schools and hospitals, smoking
is also banned in bars, restaurants,
discotheques, casinos and airports. However, hotels are allowed to reserve
30% of their rooms for smokers.
Spain's Health Minister Leire Pajin previously said: "We should remember
that more than 70% of Spain's population
are non-smokers So it is logical to think they will be more comfortable
in bars when there is no tobacco smoke
Fears are mounting that the ban at bars will cost jobs. The Spanish Federation
of Hostelry estimates the ban could
lead to the loss of up to 350,000 jobs, as many Spaniards will stay at
home rather than go without a cigarette at bars.
At the same time, the government, struggling to pay off a huge deficit
during an economic slowdown, seems to be
hoping the ban will not stop too many Spaniards from smoking. It announced
that a rise in tobacco tax which it
hopes will bring in extra 668million pounds(780 million euros) per annum.
By 2012, all the 27 EU member states should have banned smoking in enclosed
Source: Sky News Online January 02, 2011
Spain's toughest smoking bans did not cause reductions in householdsf expenditures.
In January 2011, Spain modified clean air legislation in force, removing
all existing exceptions applicable to hospitality
venues. Although this legal reform was backed by all political parties
with parliamentary representation, the government
initiative was contested by the tobacco industry and its allies in the
hospitality industry. One of the most voiced
arguments against the reform was its potentially disruptive effect on the
revenue of hospitality venues.
The researchers use household expenditure micro-data for years 2006 to
2012 to estimate models for the probability
of observing expenditures and the expected level of expenditure. They apply
a before-after analysis with a wide range
of controls for confounding factors and a flexible modeling of time effects
in order to identify the effects of the reform.
Our results suggest that the reform caused a 2% reduction in the proportion
of householdscontaining smokers but did
not cause reductions in household's expenditures on restaurantservices
or on bars and cafeteria services.
Source: Jaume Garcia Villar, PhD London School of Economics 2014
Forthcoming in European Journal of Health Economics.
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Total smoking Ban in hotels at Saint Pertersburg, Russia 2014
Introduction of Spain: The first Spain's law to restrict smoking enforced
Spain enforced a total smoking ban in indoor public space in 2011.
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Barcelona tour Smoking ban in Spain in 2010@ Spain poised for tough no-smoking law.
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This information was provided by the Smokefree Hotel and Travel.
The article was written in June 2010, and last revised in October 2014,
by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.