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Tobacco control in Netherlands




Dutch minister admits smoking ban is a partial failure.

Small bars in the Netherlands can continue to ignore the smoking ban, as Dutch Health Minister,
Ab Klink says he will not take new measures to enforce it. A ministry spokesperson told
that there is "no need to change current policy. The smoking ban, aimed at protecting
employees' health, came into force in July 2008. Small bars, which are often unable to create
the required separate zones for smokers and non-smokers, increasingly allow their clients
to smoke indoors. The Supreme Court decided in April that a number of convicted owners
who broke the smoking law should not be acquitted.

Bar odd-one out Figures collected by opinion pollster Intraval show that the 41 per cent of bar
owners are flaunting the smoke-restriction law, and the violating rate is increasing steadily.
Bars are the exception, as hotels, fast food shops, restaurants and sports clubs are all obeying
the rules. The Dutch Food Safety Authority is checking whether patrons are allowed to smoke
inside bars. The bar owner is cautioned twice and, if the smoking continues, the authority can
impose successive fines rising from an initial 300 euro to 2,400 euro.
Source: Radio Netherlands Worldwide, May 4, 2010


MPs say yes to extending smoking ban to all cafes and bars.

A small majority of Members of Parliament voted for a motion to reinstate a complete ban on smoking in
restaurants, bars and cafes. Small-scale bars and cafes run by their owners have been exempt since the ban was
relaxed in 2010 by the previous government. However, the ban, brought in nearly five years ago, is widely
flouted in bigger bars, cafes and nightclubs. The VVD, Socialists, PVV and 50Plus voted against, saying owners
of small bars and cafes are quite capable of deciding whether or not customers should be allowed to smoke
on their premises. The government must now decide what to do with the motion. Junior health minister,
Martin van Rijn said in January, he is working on a 'broad package of prevention'.

Source: Dutch News. nl, February 12, 2013


Smoking ban to be reinstated in all cafes in July 2014, said minister.

Smoking ban to be reinstated in all cafes, said junior health minister Martin van Rijn in May 2013.
The ban on smoking in bars and cafes will be reinstated across the entire hospitality industry in July 2014.
Changes in the tobacco law will be presented to parliament before October, so that all legal obstacles
can be dealt with and the total ban is properly anchored in law. Once the ban is reintroduced,
smoking will be no longer be allowed in small cafes and bars, which are run by their owners. It will
only be permitted in separate sealed-off smoking areas without service. 'We are doing what we can
with controls, warnings and fines but our financial resources are limited,' the minister said.
The Dutch smoking ban was introduced to protect workers rather than public health in general.
However, the ban, brought in nearly five years ago, is widely flouted in bigger bars, cafes and nightclubs.
Just 57% of Netherlands' bars and cafes now keep to the ban on smoking.
Some 61% of discos and 88% of cafes which serve food are smoke free, according to health ministry
inspectors.
Dutch News. nl: May 3, 2013


Smoking Restriction at Amsterdam 2010


(L) Automatic vending machine for tobacco sale seen at the corner of a bar
(M) The entrance to the new Garden Wing of Park Plaza Victoria Hotel Amsterdam
(R) The entrance to the old Victoria Wing of Park Plaza Victoria

(L) A sign board placed on the table of non-smoking floor of the Park Plaza Victoria
(M) Entire rooms are smoke-free at the Victoria Wing of the Park Plaza Victoria
(R) Smoking rooms are provided on the 3 floors of 5th, 6th and 7th of the Garden Wing.

(L) The Park Plaza Victoria Hotel in the front of Amsterdam Central train station
(R) The Ibis Hotel next to the Amsterdam Central train station

According to the smoking ban in Netherland, entire lobby and corridor spaces are smoke-free.
Park Plaza Victoria has a new Garden wing and old Victoria wing. The Garden wing provides 30 smoking
rooms. However, The Victoria wing is entirely smoke-free. The total guest rooms are 306, and
the rate of smoking rooms is
10.2%.
Ibis Hotel Amsterdam Centre next to the Centraal Station has a total of 406 rooms/
all are smoke-free.


H 世界各地のホテル喫煙規制実態現地調査結果
Smoking Restriction at Hotels in the World: Actual Survey
The ratio of a smoking guest room to the total hotel rooms was calculated,
based on-the-spot investigation.



(L) The beckoning cat behind a display window (R) Terrace seats of a pizza house provide ashtrays.

(L) A tobacco shop in the red light district of Amsterdam (R) Smokers' pub (A smoking space only)

A showcase of the tobacco shop near the Amsterdam Centraal Station

Smokers are welcomed in the night pubs.

A separate smoking room is provided in this coffee shop.

(L) Smoking and non-smoking sections are present in the coffee shop seen in Amsterdam
(M) Smoking is allowed in the entire space of this coffee shop.
(R) A painted scrawling wall of a coffee shop in Amsterdam


Law is to stop pot-smoking tourists buying cannabis scrapped by Dutch government.

Tourists heading to Holland to use cannabis in the country's notorious 'coffee-shops' will be relieved
after a law banning it was ditched. The government planned to issue 'weed passes' meaning that from
January 1 2013 only Dutch residents could buy cannabis. This was labeled 'tourism suicide' by critics
because an estimated one million holiday-makers a year, including Britons, go to Amsterdam to legally
buy and smoke drugs. MPs have now ruled that each city is free to decide its own legislation on the sale
of marijuana and hashish. Amsterdam's liberal mayor Laan has said enforcing the law in his city would
only force pot smokers onto the streets. 'Instead they're just going to try to find it on the streets,
leading to a larger black market, more disputes with dealers, no control over its quality and all the other
problems we used to have.' The Netherlands decriminalised soft drugs in the 1970s, making it legal to
buy up to 5g of marijuana from licensed vendors. There are currently around 750 coffee-shops in the country,
with around 220 of those in Amsterdam, mostly in the city's famous red-light district where prostitution
is also legal. 'This law will put an end to the nuisance and criminality associated with coffee-shops and
drug-trafficking.' Those opposing the law cited a fear that Dutch residents could sell the marijuana they
could legally purchase on to tourists at an inflated price.

Source: November 1, 2012, Mail Online



(L) Smoking area provided at the 15th plateform of Amsterdam Central Station
(R) Amsterdam Centraal railway station with a steel round dome

Cigarette butts discarded outside of the Amsterdam Central train station.
Photographed in May, 2010.


Health warning on tobacco packages seen at Amstererdam airport










アムステルダム・スキポール空港の店では1カートン、特売で44ユーロ、54.45 〜58.25ユーロの免税価格がついていた。


International Comparison of Tobacco Price.


オランダのバーで受動喫煙防止法を無視して店内でタバコを吸うことを許しているところが41%にも達し、
更に増加していることが明らかにされている。ホテル、レストラン、ファーストフード店内では法律はよく守られている
との認識はある。今後、喫煙を許している店舗に対し、2回にわたり警告を出し、従わない場合は罰金を現在の
300ユーロから2,400ユーロに増額し徴収する。

2008年に一旦、全面禁煙を決めたが完全に守られずカフェやバーで喫煙を許しているところが多く見られた。
今回、改めて規制強化し、人が立ち入ることの出来ない喫煙ブースを除き、2014年7月から全面禁煙となる。

オランダではタバコ税率が73%と表示されているが、小売店主は90%近いと言う。小売価格はフランスに近い。
スペイン、ポルトガルでマルボロ1箱の価格が3.6ユーロであったが、ここでは4.8ユーロで売られていた。

オランダは自由の国といわれている。アムステルダムの中心街には性産業あり、マリファナあり、
喫煙の自由ありで、何事も達成できるような錯覚に陥る。しかし、そこには後戻り出来ない道も用意されている。
タバコを含め薬物中毒の落とし穴へ多くの男女が自ら求めて引き込まれているのだ。
こうした情景を見ることにより、人間にとって何が一番大切なのかを改めて考えさせられる。



Holland
New Dutch anti-smoking law 2008 Tobacco control in Holland Schiphol Airport and Railways
Amsterdam tram Amsterdam city 1 Amsterdam city 2


オランダ喫煙規制とタバコ健康警告
2008年3月執筆 2008年11月加筆  2009年12月英文加筆  2010年5月加筆  2013年10月加筆
禁煙席ネット主宰 医学博士  宮本順伯
記事の無断転載禁止
「禁煙席ネット」へのリンクは自由
The article was written in March, 2008, and last revised in October 2013, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D.,PhD.
Photographs were taken in May, 2010.




 
Tobacco control in Netherlands




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COPYRIGHT(C)2006-2019 JUNHAKU MIYAMOTO, M.D. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
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Smoke-free Hotel and Travel

受動喫煙防止条例  屋内全面禁煙  鉄道車内完全禁煙レンタカー レストラン バー 飲食店 ホテル 空港 公共空間 喫煙規制
Restaurant hotel railway rent-a-car travel airport tobacco smoking ban