english index tobacco control English Index  english index tobacco control 日本語検索




Turkey imposed a blanket ban on smoking in enclosed public places.




Most people in Turkey support the smoking ban in public places.



Girl students photographed by Dr. J. Miyamoto in April 1995 at Kusadasi; a sea resort of Turkey
faced to the Mediterranean Sea.


Parliament in Turkey has voted to introduce a blanket ban on smoking in enclosed places.

Banning smoking was until recently completely unthinkable in Turkey, where 40% of the adult population
-25 million people - are smokers. The new ban will outlaw smoking in all enclosed public places,
including bars, cafes and restaurants as well as taxis, trains and outdoor stadiums. It is due to come
into force in about 18 months'time.


Source: University of Texas Libraries

Some argue that existing bans on smoking in hospitals, schools and other public buildings, are already
widely flouted. They also question how the newly legislated fines.Fifty Turkish lira( $44) for those
lighting up and 5,000 lira for bar and cafe owners, who allow smoking on their premises will be imposed.
However, against this, the new law is being strongly praised by health campaigners. They point out that
smoking-related illness cost Turkey up to 3bn lira ($2.7bn) a year. The anti-smoking lobby has on its
side a powerful supporter in the shape of Turkish Prime Minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
Source: Jan 4,. 2008 BBC News


Mt. Ararat, the highest peak in Turkey, 5,165 above sea.

The coastal areas of Turkey bordering the Mediterranean Sea have a temperate Mediterranean climate,
with hot, dry summers and mild, wet and cold winters. Conditions can be much harsher in the more
arid interior. Mountains, close to the coast, prevent Mediterranean influences from extending inland,
giving the central Anatolian plateau of the interior of Turkey a continental climate with sharply
contrasting seasons.

Turkey has no official state religion. The Turkish Constitution provides for freedom of religion and
conscience. However, 73.6 million people in Turkey are Muslims or 98% of the total population.

Source: Wikipedia


The Ottoman Empire in 1683.

(L) The Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul, Turkey. Four minarets at the corners of the mosque.
(R) The Gate of the Sultan.

The photo shows the Gate of Carts entrance of Topkapi Palace, the official and primary residence
in the city of the Ottoman Sultans, 1465-185, in Istanbul, Turkey. This gate leads into
Domed Cupboard Room. This place was built as a vestibule to the harem in 1587 by Murad III.
トプカプ宮殿ハレム入口(イスタンブール)の禁煙標識(2008年3月撮影、禁煙席ネット協賛会員提供)
HAREM=イスラム社会における女性の居室
原義は「禁じられた場所」、男子禁制・・夫、子、親族以外の立ち入りを禁止
オスマン帝国時代には美しい500人以上の女性が集められていた。


Turkish Prime Minister awarded WHO's anti-smoking prize.

The Prime Minister of Turkey, Recep T Erdogan, awarded the 2010 special prize for Global Fight
against Smoking by the World Health Organization (WHO), in Ankara. This was by recognizing his
efforts aimed at reducing the number of Turk smokers. Anatolia news agency reported. 'One
hundred thousand people in Turkey, and more than 5 million people in the world, die annually
because of diseases caused by smoking.' Erdogan said during the awards ceremony, which
coincided with the first anniversary of the country’s indoor smoking ban.

'Active smokers are as risky as people who hang around with a weapon in their hands.' He said,
adding that the number of people who lose their lives because of smoking is much larger than
that of terrorism victims. Erdogan said the government was determined to continue the struggle
against smoking and called for people to contribute to the mission. The prime minister also said
people present in the surroundings of smokers were negatively affected by side-smoke, mentioning
the estimates that 700 million children are exposed to cigarette smoke, according to the WHO.
'You can notice smoking is widespread in families that are extremely poor and live in very difficult
conditions. I see the people who cannot even provide proper food and clothes for themselves,
carrying packets of cigarettes in their pockets.' He said that smoking was not an excuse for
people's suffering, but rather constituted a new socio-economic problem. For people who think
that the anti-smoking law limited the freedom of smokers, he said that there is no freedom for
suicide.'

According to research conducted in Turkey in November 2008 before the smoking ban,31.2 %
of adults, or 16 million people, were active smokers. A report prepared by the medicine faculty
of Marmara University and published this month by the National Committee for Smoking and
Health said 363 million fewer packs of cigarettes were consumed in Turkey in 2010 compared
to the first half of 2009, representing a saving of 1.8 billion Turkish Liras. Moreover, the income
from the special and value-added tax on cigarettes showed an increase for the same period
compared to a year before. The report also said that during the year of 2010, the applications
to hospitals for heart diseases were reduced by 33.6 %, while those with asthma fell 20.5 %.

Source: Daily News, Istanbul, July 19, 2010



 Smoking Ban and Tobacco Control in Greece


トルコでレストラン、カフェ、バーなど公共的施設で全面禁煙 

2009年7月より、レストラン、カフェ、バー、タクシー、フェリー、鉄道、職場、ショッピングモール、
野外スタジアムなどの全面禁煙が施行された。トルコでは人口の40%が喫煙者であり、最近まで
こうした喫煙規制など全く考えられたことはなかった。今までにも病院、学校などの一部公共施設の
喫煙規制が実施されていたが、法令は必ずしも守られていなかった。しかし、そうした状況が一変する。
違反者への罰金は喫煙者には50トルコリラ(約44ドル)を、バー、カフェ経営者には最高5,000を科する。

トルコでは喫煙行為に関連した医療費は年間30億リラ(27億ドル)に及ぶことも禁煙法制定への呼び水となった。
2003年に就任したトルコ共和国首相、レジエップ・タイイップ・エルドアン氏の新禁煙法の議会への強力な
働きかけが功を奏したようだ。

トルコでレストラン、カフェ、バー、鉄道、 タクシー、職場などの全面禁煙を施行してから1年目の
2010年7月にトルコ首相、レジェプ・タイイップ・エルドアン氏は世界保健機関( WHO )から強力な
喫煙規制政策を高く評価され、特別賞を授与された。エルドアン首相は次のように語る。喫煙者は手に
銃器を持つ人々と同じように健康上の危険性がある。喫煙行為による死亡者はテロリズムによる死者を
遙かに上回る。しかし、その日の食料に事欠く貧困者が自分のポケットにタバコを忍ばせているのも
現実だ。公共的空間で喫煙行為を禁止することは自由を制限することだと主張する人がいるが、自殺する
自由はないと言い切る。

受動喫煙防止法が実施されてからタバコの消費量は3億6千万箱以上減少し、心臓病は33.6%、喘息は
20.5%も大幅に減少した。



トルコでレストラン、カフェ、バーなど公共的施設で全面禁煙
2008年1月執筆 2009年11月英文加筆  2010年8月加筆
禁煙席ネット主宰 医学博士  宮本順伯
記事、写真のコピー禁止
「禁煙席ネット」へのリンクは自由
The article was written in January 2008, and revised in August 2010,
by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.


 
Smoking Ban and Tobacco Control in Iran



Special Note:
 Two South Kuril and two islands off Hokkaido are the own land of Japan.

 
全室禁煙ホテル(日本全国)
 世界の鉄道車内は完全禁煙
 レストラン、カフェ、鉄道の全面禁煙はオリンピック開催の前提条件
 受動喫煙防止でWHOが各国政府に屋内全面禁煙の法制化を勧告


筆者の主張サイト

 毎日新聞闘論 「サマータイム」・経団連の導入根拠に反論   猫でも分かる「だまし」のサマータイム
 朝日新聞論壇 「サマータイムは迷惑千万」  テレビ小窓の人物表示をやめよ   朝日新聞論壇 「男女産み分け親の権利か」
 朝日新聞私の視点 「受動喫煙防止法を制定せよ」   南千島、北方4島は日本固有の領土  生活基盤と自然とを調和させた未来を
 喝!日本の政治社会批判   警告 :節税賃貸住宅が乱立


www. kinenseki.net アクセスの多いサイトを含めた索引
COPYRIGHT(C)2006-2018 JUNHAKU MIYAMOTO, M.D. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
The way to contact to the writter  
女性限定全館禁煙マンション(PR)
Junhaku Miyamoto profile



smokefree.jpn.com
受動喫煙防止条例  屋内全面禁煙  鉄道車内完全禁煙レンタカー レストラン バー 飲食店 ホテル 空港 公共空間 喫煙規制
Restaurant hotel railway rent-a-car travel airport tobacco smoking ban