Source: University of Texas Libraries

Nederland Constitutional monarchy located in Western Europe. It borders Germany in the east and
Belgium in the south, and faces the North Sea in the north and west. The seat of Government is The
Hague. The word, Dutch, is used to refer to the people, the language of the Netherlands. Netherlands
is a geographically low-lying country, with about 27% of its area and 60% of its population located
below sea level.

(L) Rivers in the Netherlands (R) The areas of the Netherlands that are above sea level

(L) Dutch Batavia built in what is now Jakarta, Indonesia, a painting by Andries Beeckman, in 1656.
(R) The Zuiderzee works were carried out from 1920 until 1975 and led to the creation of an entire new province.
It was established in 1986 and was given the name of Flevoland, the name of the province of Netherlands.

The Dutch grew to become one of the major seafaring and economic powers of the 17th century
during the period of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands. During the periods of the
'Dutch Golden Age'their colonies and trading posts were established all over the globe.

(L) Holstein cow, which seen in the intensive daily farming in the Netherlands
(R) The growth of the Dutch East Indies, 1800-1942


Netherlands  Schiphol Airport and Railways Amsterdam tram Amsterdam city 1
Amsterdam city 2 Tobacco control in Holland

2008年3月執筆 2020年7月加筆
禁煙席ネット主宰 医学博士  宮本順伯

The article was written in March, 2008, and last revised in August 2020, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D.,PhD.
Photographs were taken in May, 2010.

Amsterdam Airport, Netherlands

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