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Tobacco control in Russian Federation 2008-2014




Russian Parliament ratifies WHO's FCTC.
( Framework Convention on Tobacco Control )


NHK BS on April 12, 2008 broadcasts Russia is to ratify FCTC.

(L) A member of Russian parliament is talking to a tobacco company not to disturb their effort to restrict the tobacco use.
(R) The 99.3% of diet members voted yes to ratify the WHO treaty (FCTC).

(L) The chart shows a comparison of smoker rates to total population, between Russia and The United States. (Russia RTR)
(R) Smokers in the smoking booth in Russia

The picture shows a smoking scene during a discission at a research institute in Russia.
Source: NHK broadcast December 2008


Tobacco Control in Russia

The lower house of the Russian parliament has ratified the WHO's FCTC to ban smoking in public places.

If the bill is fully approved by the upper house, new anti-smoke laws will come into force for one of the biggest
cigarette-smoking populations in the world. The legislation will prohibit smoking in workplaces, restaurants,
enclosed sports facilities and government offices. However, most people worry over the effect of new law,
since the current smoking ban on public transport is widely ignored. Smoking and heavy alcohol consumption
are two of Russia's important public health problems, contributing to the country's declining average life span.
Source: BBC NEWS November 12,2004.

Russian lawmakers consider public smoking ban.

In Russia, a stale cigarette smoke hangs over restaurants and bars, there are few non-smoking areas. On the
long-distance trains that criss-cross Russia, smokers lurk at the back of carriages; they congregate in
overcrowded smoking zones of airports, or male toilets to put on cigarettes besides the urinals before
boarding their flights.

Now, the parliament is considering the Health Minister Tatyana Golikova' s request to change the law and ban
smoking in bars, nightclubs, restaurants and casinos with the areas of under 50 sq meters, followed two years
later, by a total ban on smoking in public places. Nightclub owners in Moscow were not thrilled at the prospect
of a smoking ban. "In New York, only 20 percent of the nightclubs survived after the smoking was prohibited
even though the climate allows people to go outside and smoke," said the owner of two of Moscow's best-known
nightclubs, Georgy Petrushin. Cigarettes cost about $1 a packet in Russia, posters advertising the joy of smoking
are displayed in the streets. However, the government wants to promote a healthier lifestyle in a country where
the average life expectancy for men is under 60, far lower than in western Europe, and the population is declining.

Source: Reuters Moscow Feb 20, 2009


Russian Minister Urges Citizens To Smoke, Drink More
Russian Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin is urging his country's citizens to smoke more cigarettes and
drink more alcohol, as indulging those habits can apparently do wonders for the local economy.
Kudrin's unconventional advice comes just as Russia prepares to raise excise duty on both tobacco
and alcohol sales -- and higher consumption of both commodities could help lift tax revenues for
spending on social services. People should understand: Those who drink, those who smoke are doing
more to help the state; Kudrin said, as quoted by the Interfax news agency. "If you smoke a pack
of cigarettes, that means you are giving more to help solve social problems such as boosting demographics,
developing the other social services and upholding birth rates. At present, Russian duties on cigarettes
are among the lowest in Europe, with most brands priced at around 40 rubles (roughly $1.30) per pack,
according to reports. In June, Russia's Finance Ministry announced plans that could effectively raise
the price from 250 rubles per 1,000 filtered cigarettes to 590 rubles ($19.20) by 2013. Given that
65 percent of the nation's men smoke cigarettes, and the average Russian consumes 19 liters of alcohol
(mostly vodka) each year, the price increase is likely to be unpopular.

Source: www.huffingtonpost.com. September 1, 2010


According to the story from a Japanese woman who is staying in Moscowfor several years, restaurants in
big cities such as Moscow provide a separate smoking room, and there is no smoke-free shop, except of
Starbucks. Even in the long-distance trains, a tobacco-smell is often flowing over the vehicle. Russia is
still the place of smoker's paradise, like other underdeveloped countries. It has been reported that
the government encourages to smoke cigarette and drink alcohol, to pay a tax, and a police in general
jointly works in partnership with a mafia to collect a money from a citizen.
Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D.,PhD: November 2011



(L) Hotel Antarius, Paratunka, Elizzovo Region, 32 kms from Petropavlovsk Airport, Kamchatka Peninsula
All guest rooms are smoke-free.
(R) A valley of geyser, Kamchatka: Photo source, Wikitravel


Russian Ban on Public Smoking to Go To Parliament by Nov. 2012

Russia will submit a law banning smoking in public places to parliament by November 2012, defying opposition
from leading cigarette makers of Philip Morris International Inc. (PM) and British-American Tobacco Plc. (BATS).
'Selling cigarettes is basically illegal if we look at it from the point of view of protecting
consumer rights,' Deputy Health Minister Sergei Velmiaikin told reporters today in Moscow.

Russia is the world largest tobacco market after China; however, the country loses 1.5 trillion rubles ($46.3 billion)
a year, or 2.5 percent of gross domestic product, because of premature deaths caused by smoking.
It is not included the extra health costs of treating people who suffer from tobacco-related diseases,
Velmiaikin said. A draft law published August 2012 by the Health Ministry calls for outlawing all cigarette advertising
immediately, ending retail sales at kiosks and banning smoking in public buildings such as bars and restaurants
by January 2015. Eastern Europe, Africa and the Middle East generated about a third of sales volumes at BAT
and Philip Morris, according to the companies.

'Russia is a big success story' for cigarette makers, an analyst at Berenberg Bank said. About 39 percent of
143 million Russian people are habitual smokers, compared with 28 percent in China and 19.3 percent in the U.S.
Smoking-related diseases kill 23 percent of Russian men, and cause economic damages equal to 6.3 percent
of GDP, according to the Health Ministry, which says its proposed law could cut smoking by as much as half,
and save 200,000 lives a year.

Japan-Tobacco Inc.(JT), the largest cigarette producer by market value in Asia, has lobbied against
the proposed legislation. The tobacco companies say that a total ban on smoking in public places and on
advertising cigarette, is too draconian, while kiosk sales will only end up hurting small businesses.
They also argue that steep tax increases would not impact demand as much as the Health Ministry envisages
because it will lead to a flood of cheaper imports from neighboring countries such as Belarus, Kazakhstan
and China.


Source: Henry Meyer and Stepan Kravchenko - Bloomberg News, Sep 4, 2012


Sobranie Black Russian cigarettes


Medvedev Calls for Public Smoking Ban in Russia by 2015

Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev has said that 44 million Russians, nearly one in three, are hooked on
smoking, and almost 400,000 die every year of smoking-related causes. Under the draft legislation,
tobacco advertising will be outlawed and smoking in public places such as restaurants, bars and hotels will
be phased out. It will also ban kiosks and outlets in stations from selling cigarettes, much to the consternation
of the kiosk owners who say they could be put out of business. Deputies in the Russian Duma,
the country's lower house of parliament, voted at its first reading, with 429 in favor and two abstentions.

Deputy Health Minister Sergei Velmyaikin said in the Duma that the purpose of the bill was not to reduce
the number of smokers, but to prevent that number growing. Foreign tobacco firms, including
British-American Tobacco, Imperial Tobacco, Japan Tobacco, and Philip Morris,control more than 90 percent
of Russian sales and have been lobbying to soften the proposed legislation. Russia is the largest tobacco market
after China. The cigarette market was estimated at be worth around $22 billion in 2011 by Euromonitor International.
Lawmakers had initially thought that the legislation might come into force early next year but following delays
the second reading is not now expected until spring 2013. If passed, the restrictions will be phased in and are
expected to be fully in force by 2016. Russia's Finance Ministry has previously announced plans to increase
the excise duty on tobacco by around 40 percent for 2013 and 2014, and by 10 percent a year, after 2015.
Source: Reuters, December 14, 2012

All restaurants will be smoke-free by 2014 in Russia.

Russian lawmakers approved anti- tobacco legislation that bans smoking near and in hospitals and schools
and in public transportation and offices as of June 2013. The law requires the signature of President Vladimir Putin,
who has waged a public health drive in Russia. The legislation, which also outlaws tobacco advertising and
restricts sales and sponsorship, will extend to prohibit smoking in hotels and restaurants in 2014. Philip Morris
International Inc., British-American Tobacco Plc, Japan Tobacco Inc. and Imperial Tobacco Group Plc, which
control 93 percent of the $19.5 billion Russian market, had opposed the curbs on cigarette consumption,
which were backed by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. Lawmakers in Moscow approved the bill by a 441-1 margin.
'That is a social revolution' said a Russia lawmaker before the vote. The legislation, which was watered down
during the second reading in January, is a compromise after a multi-million-dollar campaign by the tobacco lobby,
according to a lawmaker. Some 39 percent of Russians are regular smokers, according to the WHO.
About 400,000 Russians, or 0.3 percent in the population, die each year from smoking-related diseases.
Source: Bloomberg February 13, 2013


President Putin signed law to curb smoking, tobacco sales in Russia.


Lt's cut off fishing hooks. Photograph was taken by Akiyoshi Komaki, Asahi Shimbun.

Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed a law that will ban smoking in most public places and restrict
cigarette sales in the world's second-largest tobacco market after China. The law will ban smoking in some
public places such as subways and schools from June 2013, and come into force a year later in other places,
including restaurants and cafes. It will also ban sales of tobacco products at street kiosks from June, 2014,
restrict advertising and set minimum prices for cigarettes, which now cost 50 to 60 roubles a pack (less than $2).
President Putin, who started a new six-year term in 2012 and has promoted healthy life-styles, hopes
the law will help undermine an entrenched cigarette culture and reverse a decline in Russia's population
since the collapse of the Soviet Union. Advocating the law in a video blog before it was submitted to
parliament in 2012. Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev said nearly one in three Russians were hooked
on smoking, and almost 400,000 die each year from smoking-related causes. The Kremlin said the law
was intended to bring Russia into line with a World Health Organization tobacco control treaty that Moscow
ratified in 2008. The law faced opposition from foreign tobacco companies that dominate a cigarette market
estimated to be worth $22 billion in 2011 by the market research company of Euromonitor International.
Source: Reuters, Moscow Ferbruary 25, 2013


World Lung Foundation congratulated the Russian Federation for passing
comprehensive new tobacco control laws.

The legislation passed through both houses of parliament and was signed in February 2013, by Russian
President Vladimir Putin. The new law includes the establishment of smoke-free laws; restrictions on
point of sale and displaying tobacco, advertising, promotion and sponsorship agreements; and measures
to restrict tobacco industry interference in public health policy.



Smoke-free Russia and Sales Restrictions


Under the legislation, from June 2013, 100% smoke-free policies will be implemented in educational,
medical, cultural and sport facilities, all government buildings, elevators and stairwells of apartment buildings,
public transportation and airports and all playgrounds and beaches. From June, 2014, no-smoke zone will
be extended to hospitality venues, including hotels, cafes, bars and restaurants and long-distance trains.
In addition, sales of tobacco products will be banned in all rail stations, airports and other transportation hubs.
Comprehensive legislation could save millions of lives and be a model for Eastern Europe.

Source: World Lung Foundation, February 26, 2013



Russian tobacco obtained in July 2014:
The left picture, we can easily understand that smoking causes impotence.
The right picture that shows two hands with string means that smoking causes nicotine addiction. On the front side, there is the same health warning that emphasis the fact  smoking kills users.

Tobacco has been struck by being put in a black big box, like as the coffin.
(L) No one can see a cigarette unless a smoker asked to specify the name of tobacco product to buy.
(R) When a shop clerk opened the top, a series of cigarette can be seen at the first time.
These photos were taken by Dr. J. Miyamoto at Moscow in July 2014.


Smoking ban comes into effect in Russia.


A non-smoking sign posted outside of the State Kremlin Palace.


A law banning smoking in public places has come into force in Russia. From June 2013, smoking will be
banned at schools, universities, cultural and sports centers, on beaches, stadiums, playgrounds and
hospitals, and also on planes, on the metro and on public transport. Smoking near or inside railway stations,
at ports and at airports is now a breach of the law as well. The new legislation will also apply to tobacco
advertising. Russian President Vladimir Putin signed the ban into the law on February 25. The law comes
into force on June 1, 2013. However, some of its provisions, including a total ban on smoking in restaurants,
trains and hotels, will only come into effect one year later.

Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev said in April that the new legislation banning smoking in public
places could save up to 200,000 lives annually in Russia, which has some of the highest rates of smoking
in the world. The legislation also imposes a total ban on tobacco advertising. Tobacco companies will be
barred from holding promotional prize draws and sponsoring public events and competitions. The bill
also prohibits a display of tobacco products in shops. Sales in retail kiosks will be banned from June 2014,
and minimum prices will be set for cigarettes, which currently cost from just 40 rubles ($1.30) a pack.
The Russian parliament began debating a bill imposing fines of up to 1,500 rubles (about $48) for smoking
in public places.
Source: Voice of Russia, June 1 2013


Smoking Ban in Russia: 2013-2014


No-smoking at the outside terrace in Saint Petersburg



Russia was a tobacco industries' paradise for a long time, with almost no regulation. However,
the Soviet Union approved countrywide campaigns against smoking. The law "on the protection of
the population from the harmful effects of cigarette smoke and the consequences of tobacco consumption"
has passed the third and final vote in the State Duma and will be effective partly from July 2013 and
completely from June 2014. Starting 1 June 2013, smoking in schools, hospitals, cultural institutions
and government buildings will be restricted, and tobacco advertising and sponsorship forbidden.
Graphic warnings will become compulsory.

Starting 1 June 2014, smoking will also be prohibited in workplaces, on aircraft, trains as well as
restaurants and cafes.

Reference: RIA Novosti and others


No-smoking sign at the entrance of a restaurant in Moscow

This 'cigar' product is safe. The actual content is chocolate.


Vladimir Putin announces plan to ban smoking in Russia by stopping anybody
born after 2015 from ever buying cigarettes.



Young Russians born this decade faces complete smoking ban.
It's part of a tough anti-tobacco strategy the country's politicians are trying to make a reality. The ban on the sale
of tobacco to this generation and younger would continue even after they reach adulthood. It's only being considered
at the moment, but it could mean smoking eventually becoming illegal for all Russians.

source: BBC 11 January 2017

New Russian Anti-Tobacco Bill
Russian Federation



Russia
Russia 2008-2012 Moscow Moscow 2014 Smoking ban in Russia Russian Smokers
Moscow Kremulin Church, museum and theatre of Moscow Moscow metro Moscow hotels
Russian life High-speed train, Sapsan Saint Petersburg Winter Palace Peterhof Palace
Catherine Palace Saint Petersburg metro Saint Petersburg hotels Pickpocket
Russia-Finland border


Japanese Government is to promote a policy of the opposite.
In 2013, Department of Health, Labor and Welfare announced to assist an establishment of
indoor smoking room
in restaurant and hotels, and will increase the financial support rate
from the present 25% to
50% of the whole construction fee.


english index tobacco control 日本語

ロシアは屋内全面禁煙へ
「禁煙席ネット」主宰 日本タバコフリー学会顧問 医学博士 宮本順伯
本文および写真の著作権は宮本順伯に帰属
「禁煙席ネット」へのリンクは自由
These articles were written in April 2008, and last revised in July 2017, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.




Smokers in Russia



Special Note:
 Two South Kuril and two islands off Hokkaido are the own land of Japan.
 Smoke-free hotels in Japan
 Domestic travel in Japan
 Smoke-free should be the minimum standard for the host city in the Olympic.
 WHO: Smoking should be banned in all public spaces.
 World population: seven billion v.s. Declining birth rate in Japan
 Nobody in the earth can destroy the natural beauty of the land.
 Tax saving's rental housing is mushrooming.


www. smokefree.jpn.com

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