An official ban on smoking in all enclosed public places has come into
force in Italy in January 2005.
It aims to protect against passive smoking and deter those who pursue a
habit that is calculated to
kill 90,000 Italians a year. The new law obliges restaurants, bars, offices
and factories to prohibit
tobacco use on their premises, unless they provide special sealed off rooms
with smoke extractors.
In reality, few retailers will be able to fulfill this condition, making
it practically impossible to smoke
in any public places.
A fine of up to 2,000 euros may be levied on businesses, which fail to
comply with this law.
Smokers themselves may be fined up to 275 euros. The fine can double if
a smoker lights up in
front of children or pregnant women. Italy is the third European country,
after Ireland and Norway,
to bring in a smoking ban. The British government has revealed plans to
follow suit. A recent White
Paper on public health calls for a smoke-free environment in workplaces
and establishments that
serve food by 2009 across England.
Source: European Public Health Alliance*, April 25,2007.
*International non-profit association, Belgium
The map of Italy produced by the U.S. Intelligence Agency
(L) The Leaning Tower of Pisa is the campanile, or freestanding bell tower,
of the cathedral of the Italian city of Pisa,
known worldwide for its unintended tilt to one side.
(R) The Grand Canal in Venice: These pictures were taken in April 2006.
(L) No-smoking sign plate posted at the entrance door of a restaurant of
(R) The inside of a smoke-free restaurant
(L) This photo shows a corridor of the Centrale$B!!(BPalace Hotel, Palermo,
Sicilly. The whole hotel space is smoke-free.
No one can smoke inside.
(R) The sign board shows the penalty of 500 euros at the maximum if violate.$B!!(B
Smoking Restriction at Hotels in the World: Actual Survey
The ratio of a smoking guest room to the total hotel rooms was calculated,
based on-the-spot investigation.
(L) After finishing smoking, a young woman forgot herself in watching a
cell phone at a platform of Italian railway.
(R) A barber shop which was observed in the center of Palermo. No-smoking
sign plate was placed on the wall of a shop.
(L) No-smoking sign plate was pasted on the wall of the Funivia cableway
The warning is written in Italian, English, French and German. (R) A cableway
The Carabinieri police was in action in Roma. This special police is organized
on a territorial basis
for law enforcement missions. It directly supervises the directors of an
engineering, motor pool, and veterinary commission.
$B6X1lK!0cH?(B,$B5J1l9T0Y$NE&H/$b9T$C$F$$$k!J(B $B%m!<%^;T39$K$F;#1F(B $B!K(B
$B$7$+$7$G$"$k!#@h$:%m!<%^9q:]6u9A!"%U%#%&%_%A!<%N$NCO2<1X$K$"$k(B Trenitalia $B!J%$%?%j%"E4F;!K(B
The photographs were taken in April, and the article was written in May
by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.