english index tobacco control English Index

German Government agrees to ban smoking in public places.

Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland)

(L) Berlin in ruins after the World War 2, Potsdamer Platz in 1945
(R) A map shows the knowledge of German language in EU countries.

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in the central Europe.
The World War resulted in the death of nearly ten million German soldiers.. and civilians,
large territorial losses and the destruction of multiple major cities.

Now, the country has developed a high standard of living and established comprehensive
system of social security. It holds a key position in European affairs and maintains a
multitude of close partnerships on a global level. Germany is recognized as a scientific
and technological leader in several fields. In 2008, the population in Germany is estimated
about 82,000,000, which accounts for the largest population among the member states
of the European Union, and is home to the third biggest number of international migrants.

German is the official and predominantly spoken language in Germany. It is one of the
three working languages along European Commission, with English and French. Around
the world, German is spoken by approximately 100 million native speakers and also about 80
million non-native speakers. German is the main language of about 90 million people (18%)
in the EU. 67% of German citizens are bilingual and 27% of them are trilingual.

Source: Wikipedia

(L) Source: University of Texas Libraries (R) A change of population of German territories, up to 2000.

With some of Europe's highest smoking rates, Germany's patchwork of smoking bans to
continue to be contested.

In Berlin, the non-smoking law came into effect on 1 January 2008. In addition, the bar
may not serve meals (only snacks), may not allow minors to enter and must post a sign
saying that the bar is for smokers. In practice, the smoking ban is generally observed
in cafes, theaters and restaurants (where food is served), but not in bars. Clubs and
discos must, officially, have a separate smoking room, but as controllers do not work at
past 10pm, these laws are not enforced.

Barden-Wuerttemberg   Lower Saxony  Hesse

In August 2007, the states of Barden-Wuerttemberg and Lower Saxony banned smoking
in restaurants, bars and clubs. In October 2007 Hesse also passed a law with similar
regulations. Most of the other German states followed in January 2008; however, many
of these ban still allowed smoking in separate ventilated rooms. Smoking is banned on
public transport, hospitals, airports and in public and federal buildings, including the parliament.



A smokers' seat and a nonsmokers's seat in a restaurant are in the same room.
(This picture was taken in 2005 ).

Bavaria loosens its restrictions on smoking in public, Germany's toughest.

Bavarian lawmakers have voted to loosen Germany's toughest restrictions on smoking in
a public indoor space. The state legislature in Munich decided to allow small bars will be able
to introduce special smoking areas starting August 2009, so long as they are labeled as
"smoking bars". Larger bars will be allowed to set a room aside, as will beer tents, for smokers.

That will end a complete ban on smoking in bars, restaurants and discos, that took effect in
January 2008 and bring Bavaria in line with looser restrictions observed elsewhere in Germany.
Bavaria's Health Minister Dr Markus Soeder explains it was impossible to enforce the legislation,
and relaxing the regulations will restore.
Radio Netherlands, January 20, 2009 and Canadian Press, July 15, 2009


全面禁煙とするかどうかは各州が判断することとし、議論のあと州首相が決定する。 ただ、



 各州規制状況, 2008 ( in Japanese ) http://www.asaho.com/jpn/bkno/2008/0107.html


(L) A dining car of the German Railway ( Deutsch Bahn ), photographed in June 1989.
(R) ICE dining room of German railway: This was photographed in May 2011.


Germany's top court has ruled that the smoking bans introduced across
the country earlier this year is unconstitutional.

The ruling came after a case brought by the owner of two small bars, who claim that their business
has been unfairly hit by the smoking ban. The smoking bans in Germany have been poorly received
by tobacco-friendly Germans, about a third of whom smoke. The laws have often been ignored or
barely enforced, with the owners of small bars and restaurants claiming that their businesses were
threatened by the legislation. They claimed that their small-size bars prevented them cordoning off
a smokers' area, as other bars have been allowed to, putting them at a competitive disadvantage.
The constitutional court agreed.

Under the Nazi's smoking was frowned upon. After 1945 smoking became a symbol of post-war
freedoms and broadmindedness. Now, all German states will have to review their smoking bans
with new legislation by 2009, either banning smoking outright or allowing it in one-room bars too.
Source: July 30, 2008 Telegraph.Com.UK





参考  2008年7月30日、共同通信 2008年8月2日、朝日新聞夕刊

In February, 2009, Die Spiegel reported that the smoking bans in bars are being very weakly controlled
by the authorities, and in many places the ban is not observed at all. The magazine opined that in the
end the tobacco lobby seems to have gotten its will: if there is to be a ban, then it has to be one with
a lot of exceptions. In Germany, the tobacco industry lobby has a strong influence in politics.

Freiburg 2011
Germany  Berlin 2011
Germany Smoking Ban in France and Germany 2011
Germany   What we can learn from a smoke-free action by the member of German SPD:
    A lecture talk in Tokyo


All railway trains should be completely smoke -free.

イタリア鉄道旅行・シシリア イタリア鉄道旅行記 Italia Rail: Trenitalia
アイルランド鉄道旅行 アイルランド鉄道旅行記  Rail Travel Ireland
ニュージランド鉄道旅行 ニュージランド鉄道旅行記  NZ Rail: Tranz Alpine/Scenic
オーストラリア鉄道旅行 オーストラリア鉄道旅行記   Brief Journey by Australian Rail
米国・東北部鉄道旅行 ボストン-ニューヨーク高速鉄道  Amtrak Acela Express/Boston_Newyork
シカゴ鉄道 シカゴCTA鉄道  Chicago CTA Rail
マイアミ鉄道 マイアミMETRO鉄道  Miami Metro Rail

ストックホルム・空港鉄道 ストックホルム・アーランダ急行  Stockholm Arlanda Airport and Express
ストックホルム地下鉄 ストックホルム地下鉄・近郊鉄道 Stockholm County Railways
スエーデンX2000の旅 X2000の旅  X2000:Stockholm_Copenhagen Express
コペンハーゲン近郊鉄道・地下鉄 コペンハーゲン地下鉄・近郊鉄道  Greater Copenhagen Railways
パリ鉄道ターミナル駅 パリ鉄道ターミナル  Paris Rail Terminals
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 パリ地下鉄・近郊鉄道  Paris Metro_RER_Tram
タイ・バンコク鉄道 バンコク・スカイトレイン・地下鉄・タイ鉄道   Bangkok Mass Transit/Thai Railways
台湾高速鉄道 台湾高速鉄道  Taiwan High Speed Rail
フィンランド鉄道 路面電車 地下鉄 フィンランド鉄道、路面電車、地下鉄  Railways in Helsinki, Finland
インド鉄道 インド鉄道・地下鉄  Indian Railways and Dehli Metro

シカゴ鉄道 ポルトガル地下鉄・鉄道  Portugal Metro, Railways
マイアミ鉄道 アムステルダム鉄道・市電  Amsterdam Rail
シカゴ鉄道 スペイン高速鉄道  High-speed train in Spain
マイアミ鉄道 バロセロナ都市交通  Barcelona Railways
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 ワシントンDC地下鉄・ユニオン駅  Washington DC Metro/Union Station

  フランス国鉄の旅  Railway Travel in France
 ドイツ国鉄の旅 Railway Travel in Germany
 バンクーバー・スカイトレイン Vancouver Skytrain
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 カナダ・エドモントン地下鉄  Edomonton Metro<
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 カナダ大陸横断鉄道・VIA Trans-Canada Railway, VIA

パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 韓国高速鉄道・空港急行・地下鉄 Korea Train Express, Airport Express and Metro
米国・東北部鉄道旅行 シアトル・モノレール、リンク鉄道 Monorail and Link railway st Seatle
米国・東北部鉄道旅行 米国アムトラックで氷河国立公園へ Amtrak: Seatle to Glacier National Park
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 サンフランシスコ・バート、 ケーブルカー、市電 San Francisco, cablecar, tram and Bart

パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 ドイツ、オーストリア、スイス鉄道 Trains in Germany, Austria and Switzerland in 2013
米国・東北部鉄道旅行 モスクワ地下鉄  Moscow Metro
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 サンクトベルグ地下鉄 Saint Petersburg Metro
米国・東北部鉄道旅行 ロシア高速鉄道  Sapsan, high-speed train of Russia
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 サンクトベルグ・ヘルシンキ鉄道 Allegro, high-speed train between Finland and Russia

パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 アラスカ鉄道 Alaskan Railroad
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 キャンベラ・シドニー鉄道 Railways connecting Canberra and Sydney, Australia
米国・東北部鉄道旅行 ゴールドコースト市内電車  Gold Coast Light-Rail
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 ノルウェー・トロンハイムオスロ鉄道 Train in Norway, Trondheim to Oslo
Smoking ban in the railway trains of the world

2007年3月執筆 2007年5月加筆 2007年9月加筆 2007年12月加筆
2008年3月加筆 2008年8月加筆  2009年6月加筆 2010年12月加筆 2011年7月加筆
禁煙席ネット主宰 医学博士  宮本順伯

Smoking status in Germany 2013

Special Note:
 Two South Kuril and two islands off Hokkaido are the own land of Japan.
 Smoke-free hotels in Japan
 Domestic travel in Japan
 Smoke-free should be the minimum standard for the host city in the Olympic.
 WHO: Smoking should be banned in all public spaces.
 World population: seven billion v.s. Declining birth rate in Japan
 Nobody in the earth can destroy the natural beauty of the land.
 Tax saving's rental housing is mushrooming.

www. smokefree.jpn.com

The way to contact to the writter
Smoke-free rental condominium in Tokyo (PR)
Junhaku Miyamoto: profile

Smoke-free Hotel and Travel

受動喫煙防止条例  屋内全面禁煙  屋内喫煙設備撤去 鉄道車内完全禁煙レンタカー レストラン バー 飲食店 ホテル 空港 喫煙規制
Restaurant hotel railway rent-a-car travel airport tobacco smoking ban