(L) The interior of the Excellent Express 30000 trains (M) The express
train arriving at the Katase-Enoshima terminal station
(R)The exterior of Katase-Enoshima station
Enoshima is a small offshore island, about 4 km in circumference,
at the mouth of the Katase River,
which flows into the Sagami Bay. Administratively, Enoshima is part of
the mainland city of Fujisawa.
It is linked to the Katase section of that city by a 600-metre-long bridge.
(L) A gateway to Enoshima island (M) Enoshima is linked with Katase by
a bridge put on the shallows.(R) Torii represents the entrance to Enoshima
Enoshima Shrine consists of three separate shrines that are located in
different places around the island.
The main complex includes an octagonal building that houses one of Japan's
three most venerated statues
of Benten, the patron goddess of Enoshima. Since Benten is also the goddess
of wealth, some visitors
will wash their money at the shrine's pond.
(L) Temizusha, purification through a hand-washing basin (M) An offertory
box in the form of drawstring bag (R) Nakatsugu shrine
(L) Suikinkutsu: a water cave which creates a special sound when fall water
drops, in a Japanese garden
(R) Italian restaurant, iL Chianti Cafe: On the entrance door, it shows
a genuine Italian no-smoking sign.
(L) Enoshima Daishi and observation tower (R) Okutsugu shrine
The southern coastline of Enoshima is made up of jagged cliffs that fall
steeply towards the ocean below
before they suddenly level out just at the waterline, forming wide stone
plates where people gather
during low tide to enjoy sunbathing and fishing.
(L) Iwaya caves and Buddhist statues (R) The cave and a wooden bridge to
lead the caves in the period before the World War $B-6(B.
A map of the Iwaya Caves
Benzaiten, the goddess of music and entertainment, is enshrined on the
island. The island in its entirety is
dedicated to the goddess, who is said to have caused it to rise from the
bottom of the sea in sixth century.
Enoshima is now the center of Shonan, a resort area along the Sagami Bay.
Enoshima was the Olympic harbor
for the 1964 Summer Olympics. Enoshima will also be the sailing venue for
the 2020 Summer Olympics.
Enoshima in the Sagami Province painted circa 1830 by Hokusai, a famous
artist during the Edo period.
Pilgrimage to the Cave Shrine of Benzaiten, Enoshima, painted by Hiroshige
Kamakura is one of ancient cities where Japan$B!G(Bs central governments used
to be located. In the late 12th century,
the warrior class came into political power. Its government was formed
by warriors, called Bushi or Samurai.
Minamoto Yoritomo, the commander-in-chief, located his headquarters here
at Kamakura and this was the beginning
of Shogunate. The Bushi class was not only involved in politics but also
engaged in developing Bushi culture
represented by the spirit of simplicity and fortitude. They welcomed Zen
Buddhism as a form of mental discipline.
The first Zen temple in Japan was founded in Kamakura in those days. The
culture created by the Kamakura Bushi
has influenced Japan$B!G(Bs society up until modern days.
Bird's eye view of the Hase temple complex
Hase-dera, commonly called the Hase-kannon is one of the Buddhist temples
in the city of Kamakura, famous
for housing a massive wooden statue of Kannon. The temple originally belonged
to the Tendai sect of Buddhism,
however; it eventually became an independent temple of the Jodo-shu sect.
(L) A rickshaw man is waiting for a guest in front of Hase (R) Chozubachi
of a temple
(L) Smoking is prohibited on the entire precinct. (M) Belfry (R) Hase Kannon-do
(L) Kannon-do: The mail hall (R) Kyozo
(L) Torii at the entrance to the cave Bebten-Kutsu (M) Benten-kutsu cave
stature (R) A new, clean public toilet
Gokurakuji Temple is a Buddhist temple. It is located on Gokurakuji Pass
of Kamakura. It is built in 1259
by Hojo Shigetoki, and located in the two-minute distance from Gokurakuji
(L) Gokurakuji Enoden station (R) Gokurakuji Temple
The great Buddha in Kamakura
The Great Buddha of Kamakura is a bronze statue of Amida Buddha, which
stands on the grounds of Kotokuin Temple.
With a height of 13.35 meters, it is the second tallest bronze Buddha statue
in Japan, surpassed only by the statue
in Nara's Todaiji Temple.The statue was cast in 1252 and originally located
inside a large temple hall. However,
the temple buildings were destroyed multiple times by typhoons and a tidal
wave in the 14th and 15th centuries.
So, since 1495, the Buddha has been standing in the open air.
(L) Nio guardian's stature (R) Chozubachi of a temple to purify hands before
(L) Chozuya, a water-filled basin (M) Tsubaki' giant tree (R) A front close
view of the Great Buddha
The great Buddha of Kamakura
(L) A view of the back of Buddha stature (M) The entrance to the inside
of the great Buddha stature
(R) The internal hollow of the stature: There is a study that the material
of Buddha could be made by the cast Chinese copper coin.
However, it has not been finalized.
The explanation panel, showing that the Buddha was built in the Kamakura
Period, 750 years ago.
Stature was cast in thirty separate stages. A completely unique and ingenious
was employed to
connecting the pieces from the base to the top of stature.
$B!!(BThe Great Buddha of Kamakura
The great Budda of Kamakura
The Great Budda was built about 750 years ago, in the middle of the Kamakura
The method was to build connecting iron parts from the base to the top
This is one of the places of a visit in Kamakura, out-shirts of Tokyo.
The Shrine is dedicated to the soul of an extraordinarily brave samurai
with great physical strength who had lived
here before the Kamakura Period (1185-1333). This shrine has a quiet tranquil
atmosphere, except for during
this special Ajisai season. Goryo-jinja is situated in the middle of a
residential area near Hase Kannon Temple.
The entranceway to the shrine (M) Chozuya, a water-filled basin of Goryo-jinja
(R) The approach to the shrine
(L) Goryou-jinja Shrine (R) Akusejo ( Goshuin ) of Goryou-jinja Shrine
(R) Enoden train is passing in front of 'torii' of the Shrine. (R) Goryou-jinja
Shrine viewed from the railway track
(R) A railway track extending to the Gokurakuji Tunnel (M) An Enoden train
is entering in the Gokurakuji Satation after it passed Gokurakuji Tunnel.
(M) A railway track of Enoden extended to the west-side from Gokurakuji
Station. (R) A railway track, that is extended to the east-side from Goryou-jinja
$B!!(B Goryou-jinja Shrine ( In Japanese )
Ryukoji Temple is Nichiren Buddhist temple located in Fujisawa. It was
built in 1337 by Priest Nippo.
In 1271, Priest Nichiren was just about to be executed here, but he was
survived. Later, Nippo the students
of Nichiren, found out that this is the sacred spot because Nichiren survived
from the disaster.
(L) A stairway to Rukouji Temple (M) Chozuya, a water basin to wash and
clean hands before a worship (R) A bell tower of the temple
Tsurugaoka-Hachimangu is the most important Shinto shrine in the city of
Kamakura. The shrine is at the
geographical and cultural center of the city of Kamakura, which has largely
grown around it and its 1.8 km approach.
Tsurugaoka-Hachimangu was for most of its history not only a Hachiman shrine,
but also a Tendai Buddhist temple,
a fact which explains its general layout, typical of Japanese Buddhist
architecture. At the left of its great stone
stairway stood a 1000-year-old ginkgo tree, which was uprooted by a storm
in March 2010. The shrine is an
important cultural property.
(L) The stone-bridge lead to the Tsurugaoka-Hachimangu shrine (R) On the
approach road to the Hachimangu, cherry blossoms began to bloom.
Tsurugaoka-Hachimangu, the Kanakura's most important Shinto shrine
(L) A souvenir photography on the back of sake that is dedicated. (R) Maiden
of Tsuruoka-Hachimangu shrine
$B!!(BFujiya restaurant ( In Japanese )
Enoshima Electric Railway
Enoshima Electric Railway is a private railway which connects JR Kamakura
station with JR Fujisawa station.
The route is 10 kilometers long. It is single-track; however, five of the
route's fifteen stations are equipped with,
allowing for the operation of bi-directional traffic. Included in the route
is a short section of street running
between Koshigoe and Enoshima stations.
Enoden route map ( Wikipedia )
Original 500 series photographed in 1992 ( Wikipedia )
The abve pictures show the track lines and trams between kamakura and Enoshima
$B!!(BEnoshima Electric Railway ( In Japanese )
The article was written, and photographs were taken in March 2016, and
added an information in April 2019, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.