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United States
Alaska, USA


 

Alaska


Picture source: Alaska Volcano Observatory in January 2006


The population of the Municipality of Anchorage was estimated 301,000 residents in 2013.
Russian presence in south-central Alaska was well established in the 19th century.
In 1867, U. S. Secretary of State William H. Seward brokered a deal to purchase Alaska from Imperial Russia
for $7.2 million (about two cents an acre). His political rivals lampooned the deal as Seward's folly."
By 1888, gold was discovered along Turnagain Arm.


The US$ 7.2 million check used to pay for Alaska ($119 million in 2014 dollars)

The signing of the Alaska Treaty of Cessation in 1867


The cost of goods in Alaska has long been higher than in the contiguous 48 states. Federal government
employees, particularly United States Postal Service workers and active-duty military members, receive
a Cost of Living Allowance usually set at 25% of base pay because, while the cost of living has gone down,
it is still one of the highest in the country.

Source: Wikipedia


Turnagain Arm mud-flats, Anchorage

Girdwood resort, south to Anchorage, 61 km southeast of Anchorage

Mt. McKinley in white veil and Chulitna River

Mount McKinley viewed from Eielson Visitor Center.


Denali is decorated with colors of autumn.

Trans-Alaska Pipeline System

 
The pipeline conveys oil from Prudhoe Bay, to Valdez.

Opponents of the pipeline asserted the presence of the pipeline would interfere with the caribou.


The Trans-Alaska Pipeline System includes the trans-Alaska crude-oil pipeline, 11 pump stations, several hundred
miles of feeder pipelines, and the Valdez Marine Terminal. It is one of the world's largest pipeline systems. It is
commonly called the Alaska pipeline, but those terms technically apply only to the 1,287 km of the pipeline with
the diameter of 122 cm that conveys oil from Prudhoe Bay, to Valdez, Alaska.

The task of building the pipeline had to address a wide range of difficulties, stemming mainly from the extreme cold
and the difficult, isolated terrain. The construction of the pipeline was one of the first large-scale projects to deal
with problems caused by permafrost, and special construction techniques had to be developed to cope with the
frozen ground.
Source: Wikipedia



The price of gasoline in Alaska: $ 3.839/Gallon - $ 4.479/Gallon
= $ 1.01/Liter - $ 1.18/Liter


Alaska
Alaska Fly to Anchorage Alaska Highway Alaskan Railways Hotels in Alaska
Lodges in Alaska Denali National Park Smoking restriction in Alaska

english index tobacco control 日本語(アラスカ要約)


アラスカ
禁煙席ネット主宰 日本タバコフリー学会顧問 医学博士 宮本順伯
This web site is link-free.
The photographs were taken in September 2014, and article was written in September 2014,
by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.


United States
To Anchorage via Vancouver



Special Note:
 Two South Kuril and two islands off Hokkaido are the own land of Japan.
 Smoke-free hotels in Japan
 Domestic travel in Japan
 Smoke-free should be the minimum standard for the host city in the Olympic.
 WHO: Smoking should be banned in all public spaces.
 World population: seven billion v.s. Declining birth rate in Japan
 Nobody in the earth can destroy the natural beauty of the land.

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COPYRIGHT(C)2006-2018 JUNHAKU MIYAMOTO, M.D. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
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