Austria, officially the Republic of Austria is a landlocked country of
roughly 8.47 million people in Central Europe.
The territory of Austria covers 83,855 square kilometres and has a temperate
with an alpine climate. Austria's
terrain is highly mountainous due to the presence of the Alps; only 32%
of the country is below 500 metres,
and its highest point is 3,798 metres. The majority of the population speaks
local Bavarian dialects of German
as their native language, and German in its standard form is the country's
official language. The capital and
largest city, with a population exceeding 1.7 million, is Vienna. Austria
is one of the richest countries in the world,
with a nominal per-capita GDP of $46,330 ( 2012 estimate ). The country
has developed a high standard of living,
and in 2011 was ranked 19th in the world for its Human Development Index.
Austria joined the European Union
in 1995. Austria adopted the European currency, the euro, in 1999.
In Austria, no smoking is enforced in public places (e.g. airports, train
stations, schools, universities, government
administration buildings) and on public transport (e.g. trains) (fineable
offence). Smoking is allowed in restaurants,
bars and cafes. Bars and restaurants of more than 100 square meters must
have non-smoking sections.
Map source: CIA
Austria's smoking rate is among the world's highest.
Austrian experts sounded warnings on the grim situation facing anti-smoking
campaigns in the country, saying
its smoking rate was among the world's highest. About 2.5 million, or 60
percent, of those in the 20-50 age group
were regular or occasional smokers in Austria, said Horst Olschewski, director
of the Pulmonary Division at Graz
Austria has had in place a ban on smoking in restaurants since early 2009,
requiring all restaurants with a business
floor area of more than 50 square meters to have non-smoking areas. Authorities
were mulling over a plan to
implement a full ban on smoking in restaurants. However, only 19 percent
of the respondents in a recent survey
in Austria supported a total ban on smoking in restaurants.
Source: Xinhua May 27, 2010
Austrian law limits or bans smoking in certain areas.
Smoking is prohibited in all enclosed public spaces with certain exceptions
for eating and drinking establishments.
Smoking in the workplace can be permitted if no employee working in the
enclosed space objects. A January 2009 law
mandates that all restaurants, bars, discos, and pubs larger than 50 square
meters must either be non-smoker or introduce
separate smoking rooms. Below 50 square meters the owner may opt to either
make the establishment a smoking or
non-smoking place. The law provided for a long transition phase ending
July 2010. The smoking ban has since
been a subject of controversy, as the rules are widely ignored by bar owners
and not actively enforced by the authorities.
Anti-smoking campaigners claim to have filed 18.000 reports with the authorities
on non-compliant businesses since
the bans were introduced, to little effect. Smoking was prohibited on trains
and railway stations when Germany
introduced a similar smoking ban in 2007.
Wien Westbahnhof provides a smoking place at plate-forms for a convenience
However, there is no concept to protect a railway passenger from toxic
side smoke released cigarette.
Smoking area is provided at the public places, eg. at the entrance to the
(L) A display of cigar in Wien: There is a health warning that smoking
may cause the death.
(R) One of four important items is a tobacco shop at the world heritage,
(L) A no-smoking sign at a beauty salon
(R) The entrance to a hotel is usually the place for smoking. When we get
in a hotel, we have to breathe a part of toxic side-smoke.
(L) The price of cigarette is shown when a customer presses a specific
(R) This restaurant/bar has a separate smoking seat for smokers and non-smokers
(L) This cafe-shop at Wien allows smoking inside and outside of the building.
(R) An automatic vending machine is placed at the entrance to a tobacco
shop at Wien
(L) A vending machine for a tobacco sale: The price of cigarette is shown
when a customer presses a specific brand name.
(R) A cigarette-shape pole-type ashtray near the pedestrian crossing
Tobacco shops at Salzburg
Automatic vending machine for a cigarette sale at Salzburg
(L) The price of cigarette ranges from 4.00 euro to 4.70 euros.(R) Smoking
at the horse pond, Salzburg
Smokers put light on cigarette at bus stop shelter and on their bike.
(L) Tobacco and lotto shop at Salzburug railway station
(R) An ashtray is placed on a table outside of Salzburg's hotel, which
does not provide smoking-room.
The price of cigarette ranges from 3.90 euro to 4.90 euros per package.
A Malboro priced 4.50 euros at tobacco shop in the Salzburg railway station.
Health warning that smoking kills and smoking can reduce sperms and lead
Smoking is allowed in a bus terminal, providing an ashtray stand.
(L) A boy is smoking at the entrance of the underground station. The age
limit remains at 16 years old in Austria.
(R) A tobacco shop at Salzburug
A non-smoking cafe at Salzburg
(L) An automatic bending machine for tobacco sale seen at Hallstadt, Austria
The price of cigarette ranges from 4.10 euro to 5.10 euros.
(R) A warning sign plate notifying smoking is prohibited in the boat on
the lake of Hallstadt.
$B!!(BInternational comparison of cigarette prices and taxes
Smoking Restriction at Hotels in the World: Actual Survey
The ratio of a smoking guest room to the total hotel rooms was calculated,
based on-the-spot investigation.
$B!!(BSmoking-room rate of hotels in Austria
$B!!(BSmoking-room rate of hotels in Germany
$B!!(BSmoking-room rate of hotels in Switzerland
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in Austria 2013
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in Germany 2013$B!!!!(B
$B!!(BSmoking Ban in Switzerland 2013
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Germany. Austria and Switzerland 2013
Narita to Frankfurt EU trains 2013 Heidelberg Heidelberg University Munchen
Salzburg Hellbrunn Hallstatt Wien Bern Ovronnaz Geneva
Zurich Station/Airport London Heathrow Airport 2013
The photographs were taken in June 2013, the article was written in July
by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.