The Antonio Gaudi's masterpiece in Barcelona, Spain

The Sagrada Familia, Barcelona

The Sagrada Familia was designed by Antonio Gaudi ( 1852-1926 ), who worked on the project
from 1883, and devoted the last 15 years of his life entirely to the endeavor.

Although Gaudi was constantly changing his mind and recreating his blue prints, the only existing
copy of his last recorded document was destroyed by the anarchists in 1938 during the Spanish
Civil War. This has made it very difficult for hisworkers to complete the church in the fashion,
that Gaudi most likely would have wished.

Sagrada Familia is now under construction to be completed in 2026.
The design of La Sagrada Familia is filled with Christian symbolism, as Gaudi intended the church to be 'last great sanctuary
of Christian world'. Its most striking aspect is its spindle-shaped towers.

(L) The wall of Sagrada Familia metro station (R) The guidance board of Sagrada Familia

(L) Antonio Gaudi, an architect was born in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain in 1852.
He was famous for his unique and highly individualistic designs and thus was not categorized as such.
He is deceased in 1926 at age of 73.
(M) The wall of Sagrada Familia decorated with a skull, near the entrance. (R) A stature looking down the city of Barcelona

(L) Speaking in tongues in the great doors of the Passion Facade of Sagrada Familia
(M) Exterior of one of the most incredible architecture in the world
(R) The pinnacles at the top of the towers are decorated with colorful mosaics with various textures.

Sculptures on the Passion Facade, the entrance to an elevator up to the tower of Sagrada Familia

Gaudi's unfinished masterpiece, Sagrada Familia, is still under construction since 1882.

Passion Facade and the towers of the Sagrada Familia

(L) Tree-like supporting pillars of roof (M) Stained glass window (R) Sagrada Familia's roof in construction, 2010

(L) The tree of life and flower at the top of tower (M) Basement Museum of Antonio Gaudi
(R) A child playing and resting near the main entrance to Sagrada Familia

A completion of the Sagrada Familia is planned for 2026, which would be the 100th anniversary of Gaudi's
death. It is currently at the center of a row over the proposed route of a high-speed rail tunnel that would
pass nearby the house, approximately thirty meters below. The route passes district of Gaudi's other works,
Casa Batllo and Casa Mila, although it is 40m deep underground.

(L) The photo shows a shell-shaped staircase in Sagrada Familia. When we see downwards, it will make man tremble for fear.
(R) The pinnacle lifts its head skyward.
Photographed in May, 2010.

The Casa Mila, Barcelona

Casa Mila, better known as 'La Pedrera', is a building, designed by the Catalan architect, Antoni Gaudi.
It was built during the years of 1905-1912. The building is a pert of the Unesco world heritage site of
'Works of Gaudi'. Gaudi wanted the people who lived in the flats to all know each other. Therefore, there
were only lifts on every second floor so people had to communicate with one another on different floors.

(L) Casa Mila rooftop (R) Casa Mila roof architecture, Barocelona

(L) The exterior of Casa Mila (R) Ventilation towers on the roof of Casa Mila designed by Antoni Gaudi, Barcelona

(L) Casa Mila atrium, Barcelona (R) Detail of an original balcony, Casa Mila, Barcelona

The Casa Batllo, Barcelona

Casa Batllo is a building restored by Antoni Gaudi and Josep Maria Jujol, built in the year 1877,and
remodeled in the years of 1904 to1906. The local name for the building is 'House of Bones'. Indeed
it does have a visceral, skeletal organic quality. It was originally designed for a middle-class family
and situated in a prosperous district of Barocerona.

The building looks very remarkable - like everything Gaudi designed, only identifiable as modernism
in the broadest sense. The ground floor, in particular, is rather astonishing with tracery, irregular oval
windows and flowing sculpted stone work, decorated order with the Gaudi's characteristic absence
of straight lines.

Roof architecture at Casa Batllo

(L) A fireplace with a warm wall atmosphere (M) A partition and chandelier of the salon (R) A stained glass with a colorful round ball

(L) A partition of the salon (M)(R) A sculpture decorated with a mosaic made of mosaic tiles.

(L) An oval-shaped window (R) A lot of people are waiting to see the house that eliminates a straight line.

(L) A cafe space of the Casa Batllo (M) Gaudi's lamp (R) Interior skylight space attracts a calm blueness on the wall of the Casa Batllo.

(L) The unique design of the staircase and window
(R) Casa Batlo's roof has been in comparison with a reptilian creature, the backbone of a giant dinosaur.
Photographed in May, 2010.

It seems that the goal of the designer was to avoid straight lines completely. Much of thefacade is decorated
with a mosaic made of broken ceramic tiles that starts in shades of golden orange moving into the greenish
blues. The roof is arched and was likened to the back of a dragon or dinosaur. A common theory about the
building is that the rounded feature to the left of the centre, terminating at the top in a turret and cross,
represents the sword of Saint George, which has been plunged into the back of the dragon.

The Parque Guell, Barcelona

Park ( Parc, Parque ) Guell is a garden complex with architectural elements situated on the hill of Carmel of
Barocelona. It is designed by Antoni Gaudi and built in theyears of 1900 to 1914. It is a part of the Unesco
world heritage site of 'works of Gaudi'.Park Guell is skillfully designed and composed to bring the peace and
calm. The focalpoint of the park is the main terrace, surrounded by a long bench in the form sea dragon.
To design the curvature of the bench surface, Gaudi used the shape of buttocks left by naked workman sitting
in wet clay. The large cross at the Park's high-point offers the most complete view of Barocelona and the bay.

(L) Gaudi's multicolored mosaic dragon fountain is at the main entrance, which photo was taken prior to vandalism early 2007.
The head has been restored.
(R) Colonnaded pathway with the vaulting forming a retaining wall which curves over to support the pathway.

(L) Gaudi's multicolored mosaic dragon fountain in 2010 (R) The entrance to the park

(L) Gaudi's mosaic work on the main terrace
(R) Doric columns support the roof of the lower court which forms the central terrace.

(L) The two buildings at the entrance of the park (R) A beautiful Gaudi's tile in Parc Guell

(L) The building at the entrance to the park is served as a souvenir shop (R) One of Gaudi's unique tiles in ceiling at the Parc Guell

Casa Museu Gaudi: An entrance sign board to the museum, a toilet and furniture by the work of Gaudi.
Photographed in May, 2010.


その後を引き継いで2代目建築家に任命されたのが、 当時は未だ無名だったアントニ・ガウディである。以降、
取り組んだ。 ガウディは仔細な設計図を残しておらず、大型模型や、紐と錘を用いた実験道具を使って、構造を
検討したとされる。それらを含め、弟子たちがガウディの構想に基づき作成した資料などは大部分が スペイン内戦

建築家がガウディの設計構想を推測する といった形で現在も建設が行われている。完成すれば、イエスの12使徒を
象徴した12本の塔が立ち並ぶ。 完成目標はガウディ没後100周年目の2027年としている。建設開始から長い年月が


クレーンがうなり声を上げる。 しかし、教会前の地下40メートルに、スペイン国鉄がフランスと結ぶ高速鉄道の

指摘され、教会は「訪問者が危険にさらされる」として路線変更を求めて裁判も辞さない構えだ。 だが、1885年
(引用元:2007年6月30日、asahi com.)

1984年にユネスコの世界遺産に登録された。 カサ・バトリョ (カザ・バッリョ)は、スペイン、バルセロナにある
アントニ・ガウディが手がけた建築物の1つで、2005年にユネスコの世界遺産に登録された。 1870年に
かけて、ガウディはこの邸宅の改築を行なった。 この改築でガウディは、建物に5階と地下室を加え、玄関広間を


の間に建造された。しかし、ふたりの進みすぎた発想と自然の中で暮らす価値観は、 当時理解されず、買い手が
つかなかった。結局売れたのは2軒で、買い手はガウディ本人とグエイ伯爵だけであったという。 伯爵の没後は

 Introduction of Spain: The first Spain's law to restrict smoking enforced in 2006.
 Spain enforced a total smoking ban in indoor public space in 2011.

Spain 2006-2011

Madrid tour Barcelona tour Gaudi's masterpiece Barcelona metro and railway  Segovia
High-speed train in Spain Smoking ban in Spain in 2010  Spain poised for tough no-smoking law.

執筆 医学博士 宮本順伯
This Web site is link-free.
This information was provided by the Smokefree Hotel and Travel.
The photographs were taken and the article was written in May 2010,
by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.

The reference materials of Gaudi's description are mainly quoted from Wikipedia.
Copyright (C) 2010 Junhaku Miyamoto, All rights reserved.

Barcelona Metro and commuter train, Spain

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