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Hakodate, Hokkaido



Hakodate 函館市

Hakodate ,Hakodate-shi is a city and port located in Oshima Subprefecture, Hokkaido. As of July 2011,
the city has an estimated population of 280,000. The city is now the third biggest in Hokkaido after
Sapporo and Asahikawa.



(L) Commemorative display of the 30th anniversary of Seikan Undersea Tunnel opening
(R) JR Hakodate Terminal


The Hokkaido Shinkansen opened in March 2016. It currently runs to Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto Station
through the Seikan under-see tunnel from Shin-Aomori Station. The new terminal is 17 km away
from Hakodate Station. There are plans to extend the Hokkaido Shinkansen north to Sapporo Station
by 2030. However, it is considered difficult to become a profitable railway line.

Tohoku-shinkansen, Hayabusa ( Super-express running between Tokyo and Hakodate, via the under-sea tunnel )


Mount Hakodate 函館山


(L) Night View from Mount Hakodate (R) The entrance to Hakodate Ropeway


Mount Hakodate, Hakodate-yama is a mountain in Hakodate. The mountain is renowned for its view of
the surrounding bay and city. The Michelin Green Guide: Japan gave the experience 3/3 stars in a review,
placing it as equal to mountain views of Naples and Hong Kong. The peak is accessible by hiking or by bike,
as well as by a regular cable car service. However, The restriction to enter the mountain road of
Hakone-yama during the night time.


(L) Hakodate Ropeway (R) Night View of the city and port from Mount Hakodate
A ticket to Hakadate Ropeway The Hakodate Ropeway

Goryokaku 五稜郭

Goryokaku was designed in 1855 by Takeda Ayasaburo. His plan was based on the work of the French
architect Vauban. It is shaped like a five-pointed star. This allowed for greater numbers of gun
emplacements on its walls than a traditional Japanese fortress, and reduced the number of blind spots
where a cannon could not fire. The fort was built by the Tokugawa shogunate to protect against
a possible invasion by the Russian fleet. Goryokaku is famous as the site of the last battle of the Boshin
War( 1869).



Goryokaku viewed from the tower

(L) Gyoukaku Tower seen from the ground (R) A view of Hakodate-yama ( Mt. Hakodate ) and the city of Hakodate from the Goryoukaku Tower

(L) A hall of Goryoukaku Tower (R) A guide plate of Goryoukaku

(L) A stone that shows the traces of Goryoukaku (M) The moat surrounding the Goryukaku (R) The 98m high Goryoukaku Tower

The entrance to Hakodate Magistrate's Office

(L) Earth foundation and tower (R) A big tree stretches branches into the blue sky

(L)Cherry trees in bloom (M) It passed through full bloom and it became a leaf cherry trees.
(R) dandelion in Goryoukaku ground


Hakodate Magistrate's Office was established in Hakodate by the Edo Shogunnate when the post of
Hakodate opened under the Japan-US Treaty of Peace and Amity. When the construction of Goryokaku
was completed in 1864, the new Hakodate Magistrar's Office was inaugurated and bacame the center
for shogunnate government' s northern policies and its diplomatic outpost as well as the administrative
center of Ezo region and its development. In 2006, the reconstruction was started, and in 2010, the building
came back, by carefully detailed based on photographs, documents and drawings, as well as
the results of excavation.


Restored Hakodate Magistrate's Office

(L) The sweeping stateroom was recreated as authentically as possible to convey the delicacy of Japanese architecture.
(R) Fortified cities if the World

(L) East Ezo area was ruled by the Sendai clan.(M) A gun exhibited at Restored Hakodate Magistrate's Office
(R) A hanging scroll in the Restored Hakodate Magistrate's Office

(L) A wooden toilet in the Restored Hakodate Magistrate's Office and a washing basin (R) A corridor of the office

The site of Restored Hakodate Magistrate's Office and a weeping cherry tree

A wild crow and weeping cherry trees
The Gyoukaku
A ticket to the Restored Hakodate Magistrate's Office


History 1941-1945: The city escaped most of the ravages of World War II. Areas around Hakodate-yama were fortified,
and access restricted to the public. Many prisoners of war were interned in Hakodate, and historians record a total of
10 camps. The city was subjected to two allied bombing raids on 14 and 15 July 1945. Around 400 homes were destroyed
on the western side of Hakodate-yama and an Aomori-Hakodate ferry was attacked with 400 passengers killed.


US Navy aircraft bombing Hakodate in July 1945



Asahikawa, Sapporo and Hakodate, Hokkaido
Asahikawa station Asahiyama zoo Sapporo tour Railway trip: Sapporo to Hakodate Mount Hakodate and Goryokaku

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函館駅、函館山、五稜郭
「禁煙席ネット」主宰 日本タバコフリー学会顧問 医学博士 宮本順伯
This Web site is link-free.
This information was provided by the Smokefree Hotel and Travel.
The article was writtenand photography was taken in May 2018, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.





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Special Note:
 Two South Kuril and two islands off Hokkaido are the own land of Japan.
 Smoke-free hotels in Japan
 Domestic travel in Japan
 Smoke-free should be the minimum standard for the host city in the Olympic.
 WHO: Smoking should be banned in all public spaces.
 World population: seven billion v.s. Declining birth rate in Japan
 Nobody in the earth can destroy the natural beauty of the land.
 Tax saving's rental housing is mushrooming.


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