Restrictions on Smoking in South Korea



Smoking ban in Korea

The South Korean government announced that the national parks were to be completely non-smoking, in order
to improve the protection of the environment and tourists' health.
Korea National Park management plan, which will begin from 2013, all national parks will be completely smoke-free,
offenders face 100000 won ($88 ) fine. "We plan to start in the entire national park main attractions to achieve
' smokeless'," officials said, "so that everyone can enjoy the fresh air and beautiful natural scenery, the need for
public voluntary active complexes."


No smoking sign on the approach road to the Seokguram Grotto in Gyeoooongju

No smoking signs: Seokguram Grotto, Busan Tower park and Gyeonbokgung Palace


Seoul has prohibited smoking in large buildings for several years but has not taken similar steps for outdoor
smoking even in areas where large numbers of people gather.Smoking has been cited for causing various
forms of cancer and other life-threatening diseases, and could put a strain on the economy by causing a rise
in medical outlays down the line. Secondhand smoke is also a problem as it endangers the health of non-
smokers.


(L) A separate smoking area of Haendel and Gretel Cafe, Seoul
(R) A smoking area outside the Lotte department store, Seoul
No smoking is allowed within the ground of Chang Deok Gung Palace, and of Gyeongbokgung Palace, Seoul, South Korea.

No smoking sign plate at the Chang Deok Gung Palace and garbage boxes in the Chang Deok Gung Palace


Since 2006, smoking has been banned inside government facilities and office buildings with a floor area of
more than 1,000 sq.m. The legislation does apply to smaller facilities or smoking in the immediate vicinity
outside the buildings. Seoul instituted a ban on pedestrians smoking on streets, which went into effect in
August 2010. South Korean Health, Welfare and Family Affairs Ministry banned smoking in 16 kinds of public
places in March 2011. Those places included the largest buildings, hotels, schools, sports arenas, large
restaurants, comic book stores, government buildings, train stations and airports.



(L) No-smoking signs observed at train platform and inside train (R) No-smoking area sign observed at Seoul station

Smoking booth is located at the entrance to the Busan Gimhae International Airport.
Seoul Incheon International Airport provides separate smoking rooms, at Passenger Terminal, Departure Area, 3F,
at Passenger Terminal, Domestic Airline Offices, 2F, at Passenger Terminal, Public Area, 1F, at Concourse, 2F, and Concourse, 3F.

(L) Cigar shop near the entrance to the Shilla Hotel, Seoul (R) A drop flag of cigarette sale on a pedestrian walk, seen in Seoul.

A street booth which sells tobacco products

Smoking to be banned at all South Korean restaurants by 2016

The South Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare announced that it would gradually impose a smoking ban
for all restaurants throughout the country by the year of 2016. The Seoul Metropolitan Government also
said it will enforce the all-out ban from 2014. Currently, restaurants with area bigger than 150 square meters
are required to allocate half of their space to be smoking-free areas. The announcement came on the same day
that a law to impose a fine of 100,000 won (US$86) on that caught smoking at 1,950 public spots in the capital
came into effect. Places where smoking is banned include Seoul, Gwanghwamun and Cheonggye plazas in
downtown Seoul, which was under non-smoking regulation, as well as large boulevards in southern Seoul,
bus stops and parks.
Source: The Korea Herald, Seoul, June 1. 2012

Smoking ban in all restaurants and bars starts in January 2015.

South Korea enforced strict smoking bans in public places from July 2013, with fines of 100,000 won on any
spotted smoker and up to 5 million won on shop owners not following the law. From December 2012, smoking
has been completely banned in the following places: Bars and restaurants larger than 150 square meters,
cafes, government buildings, kindergartens, schools, universities, hospitals, youth facilities, libraries, children's
playgrounds, private academies, subway or train stations and their platforms and underground pathways,
large-sized buildings, theaters,
department stores or shopping malls, large-scale hotels and highway rest areas. More places now offering
smoking-areas separated by glass walls. The law has extended to bars and restaurants larger than 100 square
meters since January 2014.
From 1 January 2015, South Korea will completely ban smoking on all bars,
restaurants and cafes regardless of size, including any smoking rooms. Any spotted smoker must pay fines
of 100,000 won, and up to 5 million won on shop owners not obeying the law.

South Korea enforced strict smoking bans in public places since July 2013, with fines of 100,000 won on
any spotted smoker and up to 5 million won on shop owners not following the law. It is illegal to smoke in
all bars and restaurants, cafes, internet cafes, government buildings, kindergartens, schools, universities,
hospitals, youth facilities, libraries, children's playgrounds, private academies, subway or train stations
and their platforms and underground pathways, large-scale buildings, theaters, department stores or
shopping malls, hotels and highway rest areas. The strict bans came into force gradually beginning with
a firm larger than 150 square meters in 2012, extended to 100 square meters in 2014, with a full-fledged
complete nationwide ban in January 2015.
Source: Wikipedia



韓国政府が外国メディアに対し喫煙規制に関する情報を多く発信していないため、日本で得られる情報は限られて
いる。 一部メディアの報道によれば2009年12月から16に及ぶ公共施設内では喫煙が禁止されているはずである。

しかし、今回の喫煙規制検証では、 かなりあいまいな部分があることが判明した。例えばホテルでの喫煙禁止であるが、
多くの国で喫煙客室を私的空間として例外扱いしてるが、 韓国も同じだ。問題はロビーと空間を共有しているバーで
喫煙を許しているところが多々存在することだ。ソウルのハイアットホテルが そのひとつであるが、チェックイン
カウンター前の椅子席から、いくつかのタバコの赤い火が薄暗いロビーで際立って見えた。釜山ロッテホテル以外では
屋内喫煙所は見当たらなかったが、それが合法か否かも判然としない。JWマリオットホテルを含め、いくつかの
ホテルで、レストランは分煙,バーは喫煙となっており、政府の提唱する喫煙規制の内容が判然としない。

釜山、ソウルいずれの市内の飲食店に禁煙標識はほとんど見かけない。しかし、夜の居酒屋で何人かの喫煙する客を
見かけたが、普通の飲食店でタバコを吸っている人は見かけない。釜山のタクシー運転手の話では「タバコを 店内で
吸うと吸わない人の迷惑となるでしょう。空間を分けた分煙設備のないところは、すべて全面禁煙です。」とのこと
である。 「韓国ではすでに製造段階でタクシー車には灰皿をつけていない。」「タクシーの中でタバコを吸うと
乗客には10万ウオン(約7,000円)、 運転手が吸うと100万ウオン(約70,000円)の罰金が科せられる。」 との
話もしてくれた。

2013年からはすべての国立公園内での喫煙禁止を発表しているが、すでに寺院の敷地内、遊歩道での喫煙は全面
禁止している。実際、すべての人がそのルールを守っている。ごみの投棄もなく非常に清潔である。歩いていて
本当に気持ち良い。ソウルや釜山の市内のを歩行喫煙する人は、夜の繁華街を除き、ほとんどいない。

韓国のタバコは安い。物価水準が違うので単純には比較できないが、ソウル市内でも、釜山市内でも、マルボロひと
箱が2700ウオン(日本円で188円)である。空港免税店では1カ−トン、1520円である。韓国には2002年に民営化
されたKT&G (Korea Tobacco & Ginseng )があり、国内販売シェアは80%近くで、世界市場でも6位と記載されて
いる。外国タバコを含め、タバコの箱にはその成分(化学名)が記載されているが、医化学関係の人を除いた一般の
人にはとても難解で、これでは健康警告にはならない。日本と似ているが、タバコ売場には喫煙意欲をかき立てる
ような猛牛イメージなどが表示されていた。


韓国全面禁煙制定へ

2015年から、韓国の全ての飲食店が禁煙となる。保健福祉部(省に相当)は、こうした内容を柱とする「国民健康
増進法」の施行規則改正案をまとめ、立法予告すると発表した。 改正案によると、面積が150平方メートル以上の
一般飲食店やカフェ、製菓店(7万6000カ所)は、2012年12月から店舗全体を禁煙区域とすることが義務付けられる。
コーヒーショップやファストフード店、パン屋などは禁煙区域指定対象に含まれる。2014年には100平方メートル
以上の飲食店(7万7000カ所)、2015年からは100平方メートル未満の全ての飲食店(52万8000カ所)に全面
禁煙が義務付けられる。 全面禁煙区域に指定された場所で、外部と遮断された換気扇付きの密室の喫煙空間を設置
することは認められる。カラオケバーや遊興酒店(日本のキャバクラのような風俗店)などは,2012年の規制より
除外された

引用:朝鮮日報日本語版 李智恵 June 28, 2012

韓国では2015年1月1日から全てのレストランや飲食店が禁煙となる。韓国の保健福祉省が発表した。現在韓国では
面積が100平方メートル以上のカフェやレストランのみが禁煙となっているが、2015年からインターネットカフェを
含む全ての飲食店が禁煙となる。電子たばこも規制の対象となる。違反者にはおよそ10万ウォン(約91ドル)、
飲食店の経営者には170万ウォン(約1530ドル)の罰金が科せられる。韓国ではおよそ48.3パーセントの男性が
喫煙者となっており、経済協力開発機構( OECDO )加盟国の中で最も高い
割合となっている。



New Year brings in smoking ban in Korea.

Policy will outlaw cigarettes in all cafes, bars and restaurants. Starting January 2015, smoking will no longer
be allowed at restaurants, cafes or bars, regardless of their size, though it appears neither shop owners nor
smokers are ready to accept the policy. The ban now also applies to about 600,000 smaller restaurants, coffee
shops and bars nationwide.

However, smoking will be allowed only if those stores set up ventilated smoking booths that are completely
separate from where food or drinks are served. Still, the exception seems meaningless to most shops that
came under the new year’s no-smoking policy.
Source: Korea JoongAng Daily, 1 January 2015.

韓国では2015年1月から全てのレストランや飲食店が禁煙となった。インターネットカフェ、バーを含む全ての飲食店
が禁煙となる。例外規定は残されているものの、バーやカフェに設けられている閉鎖型喫煙室は廃止せねばならない。
飲食を伴わない喫煙するために使用される換気装置の完備した屋内喫煙ブース(例えば空港の喫煙ブース)は残される。

Smoking in South Korea

Smoking in South Korea is similar to other developed countries in the OECD, with a daily smoking rate of 19.9%
in 2013 compared to 20.9% in Germany and 19.3% in Japan. However, male smoking is among the highest
at 36.2% while female smoking by far the lowest at 4.3%. The South Korean government aims to take down
male smoking rate to the OECD average of 29% by 2020 by making the country one of the world's most difficult
places to smoke, using a combination of significant price hikes, mandatory warning photos on cigarette packs,
advertising bans, financial incentives and medical help for quitting along with a complete smoking ban in
public places including all bars, restaurants and cafes.

South Korea enforced strict smoking bans in public places since July 2013, with fines of 100,000 won on any
spotted smoker and up to 5 million won on shop owners not following the law. It is illegal to smoke in all bars
and restaurants, cafes, internet cafes, government buildings, kindergartens, schools, universities, hospitals,
youth facilities, libraries, children's playgrounds,private academies, subway or train stations and their platforms
and underground pathways, large buildings, theaters, department stores or shopping malls, large hotels and
highway rest areas. The strict bans came into force gradually beginning with a ban on places larger than 150
square meters in 2012, extended to 100 square meters in 2014, with a full-fledged complete nationwide ban
on 1 January 2015.

Nationwide

Smoking is illegal and strictly prohibited in the following premises:

Source:Wikipedia
 Total Smoking ban proposal in public places in 2009

Korea
Korea 2009 Smoking Restriction in Korea 2012 Hotels in Korea Railways in Korea Korean tours Korea 2012

韓国で屋内全面禁煙規制
 2012年5月写真撮影および執筆 2012年7月加筆 2014年12月加筆 2015年1月加筆 2017年3月加筆
執筆 医学博士 宮本順伯
This Web site is link-free.
This information was provided by the Smokefree Hotel and Travel.

The article was written in May and revised in January 2015. All photographs were taken in May 2012,
by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.
A new information was added in January 2015 and in March 2017
.


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