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Smoking should be banned in all public spaces



WHO Headquarter at Geneva, Switzerland


Smoke-free policies bring health benefits.

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has announced that the implementation of
smoke-free policies in many Western countries has reduced the prevalence of smoking and had
subsequent health benefits. Furthermore, such smoking bans to have not had adverse financial effects
on the bar and restaurant industry, it says.

Dr John Pierce (University of California, San Diego) and Dr Maria Leon(IARC, Lyon, France) have
prepared a special report on the subject, published in the July 2008 issue of Lancet Oncology. They
showed that comprehensive smoke-free-laws significantly reduce exposure to secondhand smoke,
which has been associated with undesirable health outcomes. Studies of the effects of smoke-free-
policies consistently showed that passive smoking is reduced by 80% to90% in high-exposure settings.
In turn, this has had health benefits in terms of a reduction in heart-disease morbidity, a reduction
in respiratory symptoms, and an expected decline in lung cancer.


Tobacco industry tries to impede smoke-free policies.

The tobacco industries are trying to impede the introduction of smoke-free policies. They have
done this by, for example, casting doubts on the adverse health effects associated with exposure to
secondhand smoke. Further, cigarette firms will often try to promote alternatives to total smoking bans,
suggesting environments thatallow both smoking and smoke-free areas or encouraging other
solutions to smoking, such as ventilation, rather than outright bans.

Source: Theheartorg. July 1, 2008.

Japan Tobacco Inc. insists to keep a smoking room in all public places, including an airport terminal.
The researchers of the company propose the various separate smoking systems, like in the terminal
buildings in New Chitose Airport, Hokkaido. There is no entrance and/or exit door at the smoking room.
The company claims tobacco smoke may not flow into a passenger waiting lobby. They were tried
every possible means to oppose a total smoking ban.



No-smoking sign at WHO Headquarter at Geneva, Switzerland

WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic

I am speaking to you as the head of an agency described by the tobacco industry as its biggest enemy.
Today, we intend to enhance that reputation.

The WHO Report on the world-wide tobacco epidemic is the most comprehensive collection of data on
tobacco use and control measures ever assembled at the global level. It provides a benchmark
for now and a roadmap for the future. The standardized country-by-country statistics tell us
where we stand. The tobacco epidemic is growing. It is shifting towards developing countries,
with tobacco use growing fastest in low-income countries. The rise of tobacco use in girls and
young women is among the most ominous of recent trends.

The report pinpoints the factors behind these trends: the low-price of tobacco products, aggressive
marketing, lack of awareness about the dangers, and inconsistent public policies to protect citizens.
The report also provides a roadmap. It sets out a package of five cost-effective policy measures
selected because of their proven power to reduce tobacco use. These are straightforward
common-sense measures within the reach of every country, regardless of income level.

Among them, increasing the price of tobacco through higher taxes is the single most effective way
to decrease consumption and encourage tobacco users to quit. This measure can also operate as
a sustainable funding mechanism for governments to continue their efforts in tobacco control.
I would argue that these measures are the silver bullets of preventive medicine. Their power to
prevent disease and death matches that of breakthrough drugs.

These measures work. The importance of their impact reflects the magnitude of harm caused by
tobacco. I am referring to more than five million annual deaths globally, a figure that is expected
to surpass 8 million by 2030. By that year, 80% of these deaths will be occurring in the developing
world. As a global community, we cannot allow this to happen.

The tobacco epidemic is entirely man-made, and it can be turned around through the concerted efforts
of governments and civil society. Having said that, I want to remind governments in every country
of the range and force of counter-tactics used by the tobacco industry- an industry that has much
money and no qualms about using it in the most devious ways imaginable.


We have another powerful signal that the measures set out in the report are effective. The tobacco
industry has fought tooth and nail to prevent or delay the introduction of each one.

Industry does not want higher taxes. Industry does not want graphic images on packs. Industry
does not want bans on smoking in public places, bans on advertising, promotion, and sponsorship,
or help for the majority of smokers who want to quit. Industry knows very well that these measures
cut tobacco consumption and shrink markets. That is exactly why we are recommending them.

We are at the starting point with this roadmap. As the report reveals, only 5% of the world population
lives in countries that have fully implemented any key-measures for reducing demand.
This gives you an idea of the potential. We have to shrink tobacco markets, prevent disease, and
save several million lives. This is the kind of change that WHO and its partners aim to fuel by issuing
this report.

February 7, 2008, Dr Margaret Chan, Director-General of the World Health Organization


Tobacco taxes, smoking bans set to save millions of lives.

Anti-smoking measures, including higher taxes on tobacco products, bans on adverts and controls
on lighting up in public places could prevent tens of millions of premature deaths across the world,
researchers said. Similar steps taken by Turkey, Romania and 39 other countries between 2007
and 2010 were already saving lives, the independent study published by the World Health
Organization (WHO) said. "If the attained by these ... countries were extended globally, tens of
millions of smoking-related deaths could be averted," Professor David Levy, the study's lead
author from Georgetown University Medical Center in Washington, said in the WHO's monthly bulletin.

Wider use of the controls could also lead to lower health care costs and higher birth weights for babies,
he added. Tobacco-control measures already introduced in the 41 countries, including Pakistan,
Argentina and Italy, were on track to persuade an estimated 15 million people not to smoke, the study
said. That would prevent around 7.4 million smoking-related deaths by 2050, it added.

The researchers found the most effective measures were increasing taxes and banning smoking in offices,
restaurants and other public places. The first method would prevent 3.5 million smoking-attributable
deaths, while the second would prevent 2.5 million, they said. "If anything it is an under-estimate,
" Dr. Douglas Bettcher, director of WHO's department of non-communicable diseases, told Reuters
in an interview at his Geneva office.

It is a win-win situation for health and finance ministries to generate revenues that have a major
impact on improving health and productivity," he added. Turkey's steps led to a sharp drop in smoking
rates to 41.5 percent among men in 2012 from 47.9 percent in 2008, he said. Six million people die
every year from smoking, and the toll is projected to rise to eight million by 2030, according to WHO,
a United Nations agency waging war on "WHO's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control,
which came into force in 2005, lays down measures to curb smoking and tobacco use.

About 175 countries have ratified the pact, shunned by others that are home to large tobacco companies,
including the United States, Switzerland and Indonesia. Measures include raising taxes on tobacco
products to 75 percent of the final retail price, smoke-free air policies, warnings on cigarette packages,
bans on advertising, promotion and sponsorship, and offering treatments to kick the habit. "We know
that in many poor countries, the poor spend a lot of money on tobacco. They would be able to use it
for nutrition and education, which is a huge opportunity cost," said Dr. Edouard Tursan d'Espaignet,
from WHO's Tobacco Free Initiative.


Source; Reuters, Jun 30, 2013


 International comparison of cigarette prices and taxes


No-smoking sign seen at a restaurant in Burnaby, B.C.,Canada

Trains

Olympic Games and a restriction of smoking in a train by the host countries

1948 XIV London (UK)              
1952 XV Helsinki railways Helsinki(Finland)            Smoking is prohibited in a train.
1956 XVI Australia rail trip Melbourne (Australia)         Smoking is prohibited in a train.
Stockholm railways Stickholm(Sweden)          Smoking is prohibited in a train.
1960 XVII Italia rail trip Roma(Italy)              Smoking is prohibited in a train.
1964 XVIII Japan high speed railways Tokyo(Japan)      Smoking is allowed in a train.
1968 XIX Mexico City(Mexico)          Inadequate information
1972 XX Munich(West Germany)        Smoking is prohibited in a train.
1976 XXI Canada smoking ban Montral(Canada)           Smoking is prohibited in a train.
1980 XXII Moscow(Soviet Union)        Smoking is prohibited in a train.
1984 XXIII United States Los Angeles(United States)      Smoking is prohibited in a train.
1988 XXIV Korea Seoul(Korea)             Smoking is prohibited in a train.
1992 XXV Spain Barcelona(Spain)           Smoking is prohibited in a train.
1994        Norway Lillehammer(Norway)        Smoking is prohibited in a train.
1996 XXVI United States Atlanta(United State)         Smoking is prohibited in a train.
1998        Japan high speed railways Nagano(Japan)             Smoking is allowed in a train.
2000 XXVII australia Sydney(Australia)           Smoking is prohibited in a train.
2002        United States Salt Lake City(United State)      Smoking is prohibited in a train.
2004 XXVIII Greece Athenes(Greece)            Smoking is prohibited in a train.
2006        Italia rail trip Turin(Italy)              Smoking is prohibited in a train.
2008 XXIX China Beijing(China)              Smoking is prohibited in a train. 
2010        Canada smoking ban Vancouver(Canada)          Smoking is prohibited in a train.
2012 XXX London(UK)              Smoking is prohibited in a train.
2014         Sochi(Russia)              Smoking is prohibited in a train.
2016 XXXI Brazil Rio de Janeiro(Brazil)          Smoking is prohibited in a train.
2018        Korea Pyengchang County(Korea)       Smoking is prohibited in a train.
2020 XXXII Japan high speed railways Tokyo(Japan)           Smoking is allowed in a train.
2022        China Beijing(China)              Smoking is prohibited in a train.
2024 XXXII 高速鉄道網建設 Paris(France)            Smoking is prohibited in a train.
2028 XXVIIII United States Los Angeles(USA)            Smoking is prohibited in a train.


This table shows the smoking ban in a train at the Olympic host countries in and after July 2014.
China Government charges 2,000 Yuan for a violation of smoking restriction in a high-speed train.
In UK, a penalty of the maximum 200 pounds is applied for a smoking at a smoke-free designated vehicle.
Japanese Government admit to installing a smoking booth in a train to support smoking act.


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How to protect yourself from toxic tobacco smoke when you use a restaurant in Japan.
Tokyo International Airport has 69 smoking booths or rooms: the largest number among airports in the world.
Superexpress train, shinkansen, bound for Kyoto runs, with a smoking car or a vehicle with the booth for smokers.
All sleeper-trains in Japan are connecting a smoking vehicle.

Department of Health, Labor and Welfare announced to assist an establishment of
indoor smoking room in restaurant and hotels, and will increase the financial support rate
from the present 25% to
50% of the whole construction fee in 2013.
Japan Tobacco Inc. is trying to brainwashing Japanese people, using TV commercial.

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The worst anti-smoking measures have announced by Japanese Government in 2018.
Olympic healthy sports environment is frustrating.

A new proposal about smoking regulation by the Health Ministry of Japan in January 2018:
1. A smoking booth is allowed in a large-sized restaurant and bar.
2. Smoking is freely allowed in small-sized restaurant and bar when 'smoking sign' is posted
at the entrance into the facility.
3. How to classify is undetermined. Members of Liberal-Democratic Party ( Prime minister Abe,
Minister of Finance, Aso, etc.)
are requesting the line of 150sqm. If so, about 90 % of eating places s are included and,
in almost in all restaurants, smoking is allowed.
This appeared to be the worst anti-smoking measure in the World, neglecting the WHO and
IOC agreements.


January 2018 Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D.,PhD.



Political Background:


In June 2017, the former Minister of Health, Labor and Welfare Shiozaki has said that
the anti-smoke law should not be ashamed before the world. The minister
stressed that many citizens still suffer serious second-hand smoke in public facilities,
such as restaurants and workplaces. He also said,' For the 2020 Tokyo-Olympic,
we are responsible for succeeding the tradition of the Olympic without tobacco.

If a restricted exception was set up at a small-scale restaurant, the Minister said
that the principles and exceptions would reserve and in most restaurants and bars,
and the user can put a cigarette at a food-serving shop.

The flow of politics has changed greatly toward unfavorable direction, in August 2017.
Prime Minister Abe and Finance Minister, Aso dismissed Minister Shiozaki, because
he disagreed to a request of LDP members who admit smoking in the restaurant
and bars. As a result, the Tobacco Chairperson of LDP was nominated as a Minisiter in
demand of Tokyo Olympic Games. He is the brother in law of Finance Minister Aso.
At the same time, Representative Kato, who claims a separate smoking booth in
a restaurant, was newly appointed as the next Minister of Health.



english index tobacco control 日本語

「屋内全面禁煙の法制化を」受動喫煙防止でWHOが各国政府に勧告
2007年7月執筆 2008年2月加筆 2009年7月加筆 2009年12月英文加筆 2013年3月加筆 2013年7月写真添付
禁煙席ネット 医学博士 宮本順伯 
This article was written in July 2007 and finally revised in July 2013, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D.,PhD.
All photographs were taken by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D.,PhD.



Smoking ban at UN headquarters



Special Note:

 Two South Kuril and two islands off Hokkaido are the own land of Japan.
 Smoke-free hotels in Japan
 Domestic travel in Japan
 Smoke-free should be the minimum standard for the host city in the Olympic.
 WHO: Smoking should be banned in all public spaces.
 World population: seven billion v.s. Declining birth rate in Japan
 Nobody in the earth can destroy the natural beauty of the land.
 Tax saving's rental housing is mushrooming.


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COPYRIGHT(C)2006-2018 JUNHAKU MIYAMOTO, M.D. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
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受動喫煙防止条例  屋内全面禁煙  鉄道車内完全禁煙レンタカー レストラン バー 飲食店 ホテル 空港 公共空間 喫煙規制
Restaurant hotel railway rent-a-car travel airport tobacco smoking ban