Regional smoking ban in restaurants and bars
$B!!!!(BSource: University of Texas Libraries $B!!(B
Switzerland is a federal republic consisting of 26 cantons, with Bern as the seat of the federal authorities.
The country is bordered by Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and
Liechtenstein to the east. The Swiss population of about 7.7 million people concentrates mostly on the Plateau,
where the largest cities are located. Two major cities are Zurich and Geneva, which play, in part, the role
of a global center.
Switzerland is one of the richest countries in the world by capita gross domestic product. GDP per capital is
stimated about $68,000, which is higher than the large EU countries and Japan, ranking 6th behind Luxemburg,
Norway, Qatar, Iceland and Ireland.
The Engadin Valley
Tourism constitutes an important revenue for the less industrialized alpine regions.
Four national languages Source: Wikipedia
$B"#(BFrench $B"#(B German $B"#(B Italian $B"#(B Romansh
$B%$%?%j%"9q6-$K6a$$!"%$%?%j%"8l7w$GCxL>4Q8wCO!"%k%,!<%N$N$"$k%F%#%A!<%N!J(B Ticino $B!K=#$G%l%9%H%i%s!"%+%U%'!"(B
Lucerne's houses stand along the River Reuss, seen from Kapell Bridge, the oldest wooden bridge in Europe.
The bridge was originally built in 14th centuries, and rebuilt after the fire in 1993, photographed in 1970.
Brienz Rothorn Bahn, a narrow gauge steam hauled cog railway,which starts from Brienz.
Photographed in 1989
(L) Panorama Express PR photo
(M) Panorama Express departed from Montreux Station for Oberland.
- Oversized windows extend into the roof cove provide all-round panoramic views, photographed in 1989.
(R) A smoking-car of the Glacier Express at the plateform of St. Moritz Station, photographed in 1989.
No more smoking-car in Swiss railways since 2005, when the total ban was enforced for all trains.
The photo shows a beautiful lake seen from the Golden Pass Line, one of the most picturesque in Switzerland.
It links Montreux, Interlaken and Lucerne, photographed from the train in 1970.
A Jungfrau Railway climbs up to the top of Europe ( 3,454 m ). The train departs at Interlaken Ost,
moving up through Lauterbrunnen-Wengen-Kleine, and finally arrives at under rock station of Jungfraujoch.
These pictures show a magnificent scenery, picturesque alpine villages
Interior of Jungfrau Railway train, photographed in 1970.
Smoking Ban in Switzerland
Geneva introduced a stricter ban, which includes bars and restaurants, on the other hand, Zurich has only
outlawed smoking in public buildings.
The southern Italian-speaking Ticino region became the first canton to introduce a smoking ban in indoor
public places in April 2007. The House of Representatives rejected a plan by the Senate to ban smoking
in restaurants in July 2008. However, it came out in favor of granting the country's 26 cantonal authorities
the right to impose tougher rules than on a federal level. The situation leaves visitors to the country
encountering different smoking regulations in the regions apart from a few kilometers.
Source: July 1, 2008 Swiss News
$BH?BP$9$kO"LA(B $B$,!"%9%$%9A4EZ$NA4$F$N8x6&7zB$J*Fb$G$N5J1l$r6X;_$9$k%$%K%7%"%A%V$rN)$A>e$2$?!#(B $B%9%$%9A4(B26$B=#$N(BA cafe-Bar in the city of Basel, photographed in June 2011.
$B%9%$%99qL1$O6X1l$rK>$s$G$$$k(B $B!#$b$7!"$3$N%$%K%7%"%A%V$rH?1G$7$??7K!$,2D7h$5$l$l$P!"%l%9%H%i%s!"%P! $BIB1!$J$I!"8x6&$N7zJ*$NCf$G$OA4LLE*$K6X1l$H$J$k!#(B $B$^$??&>l$G$b20Fb$G$N5J1l$O6X;_$H$J$k!#$3$N5,@)$O%9%$%9(B
Swiss rejected a full ban on smoking in public spaces.
Voters in Switzerland have rejected a total ban on smoking in enclosed public places
at a referendum. Although Geneva voted slightly in favor, results from the country's
other 25 cantons showed a majority of voters rejected a full ban.
Hotels, restaurants and bars are allowed rooms for smokers but critics say workers' health
is at risk. Restrictions introduced two years ago were watered down after lobbying from
the catering trade and tobacco firms.
In some cantons, more than 70% of voters rejected the ban, according to a Geneva newspaper.
Geneva itself bucked for the trend by supporting the ban by 52% to 48%. Geneva and seven
other cantons have already imposed their own comprehensive bans on indoor smoking in
places of employment while the remaining, smaller cantons have been less restrictive.
The result was welcomed by the Swiss Business Federation which called it "heartening."
"The initiative would have imposed more costs on restaurateurs who have already made
considerable investments to protect non-smokers," it said in a statement.
The Swiss Socialist party "deplored" the result, saying that better protection against
passive smoking would have "incontestably been a major step in the improvement of workers'$B!!(B
conditions." In the cantons where these laws enforced banning smoking rooms, are already,
in effect, we saw immediately... a 20% drop in hospitalization due to cardiovascular incidents,
heart attacks and these kinds of problems," he said.
La Tribune de Geneve suggests voters rejected a full ban because they did not want
to force the smaller cantons into changing their local laws, and because of resentment
at perceived state interference in people's lives. Source: BBC News 23 September 2012
What can we learn from a smoke free action by the German SPD.
$B!!(BSmoking ban in France, Germany 2011$B!!%U%i%s%9!&%I%$%D5J1l5,@)(B
$B!!(BSmoking status in Germany 2013$B!!%I%$%D5J1l
$B!!(B Basal 2011 $B%P!<%<%k5*9T(B
$B!!(B Smoking status in Switzerland 2013$B!!%9%$%95J1l
All railway trains should be completely smoke -free.
$B!!(B$B%$%?%j%"E4F;N99T5-(B$B!!(BItalia Rail: Trenitalia
$B!!(B$B%"%$%k%i%s%IE4F;N99T5-(B $B!!(BRail Travel Ireland
$B!!(B$B%K%e!<%8%i%s%IE4F;N99T5-(B $B!!(BNZ Rail: Tranz Alpine/Scenic
$B!!(B$B%*!<%9%H%i%j%"E4F;N99T5-(B $B!!(B Brief Journey by Australian Rail
$B!!(B$B%\%9%H%s(B-$B%K%e!<%h!<%/9bB.E4F;(B $B!!(BAmtrak Acela Express/Boston_Newyork
$B!!(B$B%7%+%4(BCTA$BE4F;(B $B!!(BChicago CTA Rail
$B!!(B$B%^%$%"%_(BMETRO$BE4F;(B $B!!(BMiami Metro Rail
$B!!(B$B%9%H%C%/%[%k%`!&%"!<%i%s%@5^9T(B $B!!(BStockholm Arlanda Airport and Express
Stockholm County Railways
$B!!(B$B#X#2#0#0#0$NN9(B $B!!(BX2000:Stockholm_Copenhagen Express
$B!!(BGreater Copenhagen Railways
$B!!(B$B%Q%jE4F;%?!<%_%J%k(B $B!!(BParis Rail Terminals
$B!!(B Bangkok Mass Transit/Thai Railways
$B!!(B$BBfOQ9bB.E4F;(B $B!!(BTaiwan High Speed Rail
$B!!(BRailways in Helsinki, Finland
$B!!(BIndian Railways and Dehli Metro
$B!!(BPortugal Metro, Railways
$B!!(B$B%"%`%9%F%k%@%`E4F;!&;TEE(B $B!!(BAmsterdam Rail
$B!!(B$B%9%Z%$%s9bB.E4F;(B $B!!(BHigh-speed train in Spain
$B!!(B$B%P%m%;%m%JET;T8rDL(B $B!!(BBarcelona Railways
$B!!(BWashington DC Metro/Union Station
$B!!(B $B%U%i%s%99qE4$NN9(B $B!!(BRailway Travel in France
$B!!(B$B%I%$%D9qE4$NN9(B Railway Travel in Germany
$B!!(B$B%+%J%@BgN&2#CGE4F;!&(BVIA$B!!(BTrans-Canada Railway, VIA
$B!!(BKorea Train Express, Airport Express and Metro
$B!!(B$B%7%"%H%k!&%b%N%l!<%k!"%j%s%/E4F;(B$B!!(BMonorail and Link railway st Seatle
$B!!(B$BJF9q%"%`%H%i%C%/$GI92O9qN)8x1`$X(B Amtrak: Seatle to Glacier National Park
$B!!(B$B%5%s%U%i%s%7%9%3!&%P!<%H!"(B $B%1!<%V%k%+!$B!!(BSan Francisco, cablecar, tram and Bart
$B!!(B$B%I%$%D!"%*!<%9%H%j%"!"%9%$%9E4F;(B$B!!(BTrains in Germany, Austria and Switzerland in 2013
$B!!(BSaint Petersburg MetroSmoking ban in the railway trains of the world
$B!!(B$B%m%7%"9bB.E4F;!!(B$B!!(BSapsan, high-speed train of Russia
$B!!(B$B%5%s%/%H%Y%k%0!&%X%k%7%s%-E4F;!!(BAllegro, high-speed train between Finland and Russia
Railways connecting Canberra and Sydney, Australia
Gold Coast Light-Rail
$B!!(B$B%N%k%&%'!Train in Norway, Trondheim to Oslo
The articles were written in March 2008, and revised in September 2012, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D.,PhD.
Smoking Ban in European Countries
$B!!(BItaly $B!!(BMalta$B!!(B $B!!(BIreland$B!!!!(B $B!!(BNorth Ireland$B!!(B $B!!(BUK$B!!(B $B!!(BGermany$B!!(B $B!!(BSwitzerland$B!!(B
$B!!(BFrance$B!!(B $B!!(BHolland$B!!(B $B!!(BPortugal$B!!(B $B!!(BSpain$B!!(B $B!!(BNorway $B!!(BSweden $B!!(BDenmark $B!!(B