english index tobacco control English Index

Regional smoking ban in restaurants and bars

  Source: University of Texas Libraries  

Switzerland is a federal republic consisting of 26 cantons, with Bern as the seat of the federal authorities.
The country is bordered by Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and
Liechtenstein to the east. The Swiss population of about 7.7 million people concentrates mostly on the Plateau,
where the largest cities are located. Two major cities are Zurich and Geneva, which play, in part, the role
of a global center.

Switzerland is one of the richest countries in the world by capita gross domestic product. GDP per capital is
stimated about $68,000, which is higher than the large EU countries and Japan, ranking 6th behind Luxemburg,
Norway, Qatar, Iceland and Ireland.

The Engadin Valley
Tourism constitutes an important revenue for the less industrialized alpine regions.

Four national languages Source: Wikipedia
French German Italian Romansh

イタリア国境に近い、イタリア語圏で著名観光地、ルガーノのあるティチーノ( Ticino )州でレストラン、カフェ、



Lucerne's houses stand along the River Reuss, seen from Kapell Bridge, the oldest wooden bridge in Europe.
The bridge was originally built in 14th centuries, and rebuilt after the fire in 1993, photographed in

Brienz Rothorn Bahn, a narrow gauge steam hauled cog railway,which starts from Brienz.
Photographed in 1989

(L) Panorama Express PR photo
(M) Panorama Express departed from Montreux Station for Oberland.
- Oversized windows extend into the roof cove provide all-round panoramic views, photographed in 1989.
(R) A smoking-car of the Glacier Express at the plateform of St. Moritz Station, photographed in 1989.
No more smoking-car in Swiss railways since 2005, when the total ban was enforced for all trains.

The photo shows a beautiful lake seen from the Golden Pass Line, one of the most picturesque in Switzerland.
It links Montreux, Interlaken and Lucerne, photographed from the train in

A Jungfrau Railway climbs up to the top of Europe ( 3,454 m ). The train departs at Interlaken Ost,
moving up through Lauterbrunnen-Wengen-Kleine, and finally arrives at under rock station of Jungfraujoch.
These pictures show a magnificent scenery, picturesque alpine villages

Interior of Jungfrau Railway train, photographed in 1970.


Smoking Ban in Switzerland
Geneva introduced a stricter ban, which includes bars and restaurants, on the other hand, Zurich has only
outlawed smoking in public buildings.
The southern Italian-speaking Ticino region became the first canton to introduce a smoking ban in indoor
public places in April 2007. The House of Representatives rejected a plan by the Senate to ban smoking
in restaurants in July 2008. However, it came out in favor of granting the country's 26 cantonal authorities
the right to impose tougher rules than on a federal level. The situation leaves visitors to the country
encountering different smoking regulations in the regions apart from a few kilometers.

Source: July 1, 2008 Swiss News


反対する連盟 が、スイス全土の全ての公共建造物内での喫煙を禁止するイニシアチブを立ち上げた。 スイス全26州の

スイス国民は禁煙を望んでいる 。もし、このイニシアチブを反映した新法が可決されれば、レストラン、バー、学校、
病院など、公共の建物の中では全面的に禁煙となる。 また職場でも屋内での喫煙は禁止となる。この規制はスイス

従業員自身は喫煙者でなくとも、 1日最高38本分に相当するタバコ副流煙を吸い込んでいる。現行の法律によると、
ウェイターとウェイトレスは、本人の意思である場合のみ喫煙室で給仕をしてもよい。 しかしザンクトガレンの州議会

新しいイニシアチブは、全面的な禁煙によってそうした抜け穴を封じ、従業員の権利の増強を図る。 イニシアチブ
支持者は、建物の大きさを計算する方法にはあまりにもたくさんの抜け穴があり 、中途半端な寄せ集めの方策はただ


A cafe-Bar in the city of Basel, photographed in June 2011.

Swiss rejected a full ban on smoking in public spaces.

Voters in Switzerland have rejected a total ban on smoking in enclosed public places
at a referendum.
Although Geneva voted slightly in favor, results from the country's
other 25 cantons showed a majority of voters rejected a full ban.

Hotels, restaurants and bars are allowed rooms for smokers but critics say workers' health
is at risk.
Restrictions introduced two years ago were watered down after lobbying from
the catering trade and tobacco firms.

In some cantons, more than 70% of voters rejected the ban, according to a Geneva newspaper.
Geneva itself bucked for the trend by supporting the ban by 52% to 48%.
Geneva and seven
other cantons have already imposed their own comprehensive bans on indoor smoking in
places of employment while the remaining, smaller cantons have been less restrictive.

The result was welcomed by the Swiss Business Federation which called it "heartening."
"The initiative would have imposed more costs on restaurateurs who have already made
considerable investments to protect non-smokers," it said in a statement.

The Swiss Socialist party "deplored" the result, saying that better protection against
passive smoking would have "incontestably been a major step in the improvement of workers' 
conditions." In the cantons where these laws enforced banning smoking rooms, are already,
in effect, we saw immediately... a 20% drop in hospitalization due to cardiovascular incidents,
heart attacks and these kinds of problems," he said.

La Tribune de Geneve suggests voters rejected a full ban because they did not want
to force the smaller cantons into changing their local laws, and because of resentment
at perceived state interference in people's lives.
Source: BBC News 23 September 2012

What can we learn from a smoke free action by the German SPD.
「講演」ドイツ受動喫煙防止法に学ぶ( 2009年6月・東京 )
Smoking ban in France, Germany 2011 フランス・ドイツ喫煙規制
Germany Smoking status in Germany 2013 ドイツ喫煙実態および規制

Switzerland  Basal 2011 バーゼル紀行
Switzerland  Smoking status in Switzerland 2013 スイス喫煙実態および規制


All railway trains should be completely smoke -free.

イタリア鉄道旅行・シシリア イタリア鉄道旅行記 Italia Rail: Trenitalia
アイルランド鉄道旅行 アイルランド鉄道旅行記  Rail Travel Ireland
ニュージランド鉄道旅行 ニュージランド鉄道旅行記  NZ Rail: Tranz Alpine/Scenic
オーストラリア鉄道旅行 オーストラリア鉄道旅行記   Brief Journey by Australian Rail
米国・東北部鉄道旅行 ボストン-ニューヨーク高速鉄道  Amtrak Acela Express/Boston_Newyork
シカゴ鉄道 シカゴCTA鉄道  Chicago CTA Rail
マイアミ鉄道 マイアミMETRO鉄道  Miami Metro Rail

ストックホルム・空港鉄道 ストックホルム・アーランダ急行  Stockholm Arlanda Airport and Express
ストックホルム地下鉄 ストックホルム地下鉄・近郊鉄道 Stockholm County Railways
スエーデンX2000の旅 X2000の旅  X2000:Stockholm_Copenhagen Express
コペンハーゲン近郊鉄道・地下鉄 コペンハーゲン地下鉄・近郊鉄道  Greater Copenhagen Railways
パリ鉄道ターミナル駅 パリ鉄道ターミナル  Paris Rail Terminals
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 パリ地下鉄・近郊鉄道  Paris Metro_RER_Tram
タイ・バンコク鉄道 バンコク・スカイトレイン・地下鉄・タイ鉄道   Bangkok Mass Transit/Thai Railways
台湾高速鉄道 台湾高速鉄道  Taiwan High Speed Rail
フィンランド鉄道 路面電車 地下鉄 フィンランド鉄道、路面電車、地下鉄  Railways in Helsinki, Finland
インド鉄道 インド鉄道・地下鉄  Indian Railways and Dehli Metro

シカゴ鉄道 ポルトガル地下鉄・鉄道  Portugal Metro, Railways
マイアミ鉄道 アムステルダム鉄道・市電  Amsterdam Rail
シカゴ鉄道 スペイン高速鉄道  High-speed train in Spain
マイアミ鉄道 バロセロナ都市交通  Barcelona Railways
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 ワシントンDC地下鉄・ユニオン駅  Washington DC Metro/Union Station

  フランス国鉄の旅  Railway Travel in France
 ドイツ国鉄の旅 Railway Travel in Germany
 バンクーバー・スカイトレイン Vancouver Skytrain
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 カナダ・エドモントン地下鉄  Edomonton Metro<
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 カナダ大陸横断鉄道・VIA Trans-Canada Railway, VIA

パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 韓国高速鉄道・空港急行・地下鉄 Korea Train Express, Airport Express and Metro
米国・東北部鉄道旅行 シアトル・モノレール、リンク鉄道 Monorail and Link railway st Seatle
米国・東北部鉄道旅行 米国アムトラックで氷河国立公園へ Amtrak: Seatle to Glacier National Park
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 サンフランシスコ・バート、 ケーブルカー、市電 San Francisco, cablecar, tram and Bart

パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 ドイツ、オーストリア、スイス鉄道 Trains in Germany, Austria and Switzerland in 2013
米国・東北部鉄道旅行 モスクワ地下鉄  Moscow Metro
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 サンクトベルグ地下鉄 Saint Petersburg Metro
米国・東北部鉄道旅行 ロシア高速鉄道  Sapsan, high-speed train of Russia
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 サンクトベルグ・ヘルシンキ鉄道 Allegro, high-speed train between Finland and Russia

パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 アラスカ鉄道 Alaskan Railroad
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 キャンベラ・シドニー鉄道 Railways connecting Canberra and Sydney, Australia
米国・東北部鉄道旅行 ゴールドコースト市内電車  Gold Coast Light-Rail
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 ノルウェー・トロンハイムオスロ鉄道 Train in Norway, Trondheim to Oslo
Smoking ban in the railway trains of the world

2008年3月執筆  2008年8月加筆 2009年5月加筆 2009年12月加筆 2011年7月索引加筆 2012年9月加筆 
禁煙席ネット主宰 医学博士  宮本順伯
The articles were written in March 2008, and revised in September 2012, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D.,PhD.

Smoking Ban in European Countries
 Italy  Malta   Ireland    North Ireland   UK   Germany   Switzerland 
 France   Holland   Portugal   Spain   Norway  Sweden  Denmark  
 Iceland   Finland

Special Note:
 Two South Kuril and two islands off Hokkaido are the own land of Japan.
 Smoke-free hotels in Japan
 Domestic travel in Japan
 Smoke-free should be the minimum standard for the host city in the Olympic.
 WHO: Smoking should be banned in all public spaces.
 World population: seven billion v.s. Declining birth rate in Japan
 Nobody in the earth can destroy the natural beauty of the land.
 Tax saving's rental housing is mushrooming.

www. smokefree.jpn.com

The way to contact to the writter
Smoke-free rental condominium in Tokyo (PR)
Junhaku Miyamoto: profile

Smoke-free Hotel and Travel

受動喫煙防止条例  屋内全面禁煙  鉄道車内完全禁煙レンタカー レストラン バー 飲食店 ホテル 空港 公共空間 喫煙規制
Restaurant hotel railway rent-a-car travel airport tobacco smoking ban