Smoking ban reduced medical cost up to $86billion in California.



Nature in California

The common use of the name "sequoia" generally refers to sequoiadendron, which occurs naturally only
in the various groves that exist on the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada Mountains of California.

(L) Closepin tree in the Mariposa Grove, Yosemite National Park
(M) General Sherman, is the largest tree in the world. The top of the giant sequoia reaches to a high of 83.8m.
The tree is believed to be between 2,300 and 2,700 years old, and is located in the area of Giant Forest
of Sequoia National Park.
(R) Redwood National Park, California

Active flame front of the Zaca Fire, the second largest fire on record in California,
which was started in early July and almost ended in late August 2007.

Smoking ban reduced medical cost up to $86billion in California.

University of California researchers has shown California's tobacco control program managed to reduce
medical costs by about 86 billion dollars (roughly 9 trillion yen) over a 15-year period. During this period,
the state invested 1.8 billion dollars in the control program, indicating the return from the investment
was about 50-fold.The research team compared California's medical expense and other factors with those of
38 other states that had not implemented comprehensive tobacco control programs prior to 2000. It found
that the number of patients with heart disease, lung cancer and other ailments dropped, and the spending
for a health care in 2004 was about 7.3 percent below the figure recorded in 1989, saving roughly 86
billion dollars.
Source: The Mainich Daily News, September13, 2008


NHK reported on TV that the state of California saved the 1.8 billion dollars medical expenditure brought by a smoke-free ordinance.

喫煙規制後のカリフォルニア州で9兆円規模の医療費削減  

カリフォルニア州法で最初に施設内での喫煙規制が実施されたのは1989年といわれているが、レストランにおける
喫煙規制が実施されたのは1994年で、1998年にはバー、クラブでの全面禁煙が実現した。州当局は積極的にタバコ
を吸うことの危険性、またタバコの先から放散される副流煙の有害性につき、メディアを通じて広報活動を続けて
きた。この目的のために、過去15年間に18億ドル(2008年9月現在、1ドル107円)の資金を投入してきた。
カリフォルニア大学研究チームの分析によれば、この間に削減出来た医療費の総額は860億ドルとなり、投入した
金額の50倍ほどの投資成績を上げた計算となる。研究チームは「規制は即効性があり、効果も大きい」と述べている。

カリフォルニア大学では、2000年までに喫煙規制を行わなかった他の38州の医療費との比較検討も行った。
その結果、2004年の医療費は5年前のそれと比べ73%、金額で860億ドル節約できたはずと分析した。一方、
タバコ販売量の減少額は92億ドルに達しただろうと推測している。
資料引用  2008年9月12日付毎日新聞



United States UCSF Medical Center 2012
  California senate approved smoking ban for apartments.

Total Smoking Ban in USA

smorking ban New Jersey  New Jersey
smorking ban Illinois USA Illinois
smorking ban California USA California
smorking ban Beverly Hills California Beverly Hills, California 
smorking ban condominium Condominium of California
smorking ban Washington state State of Washington
smorking ban Oregon USA Oregon  
smorking ban Montana USA Montana
smorking ban Colorado USA Colorado
smorking ban Arizona USA Arizona 
smorking ban Maine USA Maine
smorking ban Vermont USA Vermont 
smorking ban Massachusetts Massachusetts state.
smorking ban New York New York 
smorking ban Maryland USA Maryland 
smorking ban Washington DC Washington,D.C.
smorking ban Virginia USA Virginia
smorking ban Minnesota USA Minnesota 
smorking ban Delaware USA Delaware 
smorking ban Ohio USA Ohio 
smorking ban Iowa USA Iowa 
smorking ban Utah USA Utah 
smorking ban Rhode Island Rhode Island 
smorking ban Nevada USA Nevada 
smorking ban Michigan USA Michigan 
smorking ban Wisconsin USA Wisconsin



喫煙規制の先駆者、カリフォルニア州で9兆円規模の医療費削減

2008年9月執筆 2009年11月英文加筆
執筆 医学博士 宮本順伯
This Web site is link-free.
The articles were written in September 2008, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.



Beverly Hills banned all outdoor dining areas.




Special Note: 日本語表示

 Russia unduly occupies our Northern Territories of Japan.
 Smoke-free hotels in Japan
  Domestic travel in Japan
 WHO: Smoking should be banned in all public spaces.
 World population: seven billion v.s. Declining birth rate in Japan
 Nobody in the earth can destroy the natural beauty of the land.
 Stop merging war criminals and war victims at Yasukuni Shrine.
 Tax saving's rental housing is mushrooming.

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