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Smoking ban reduced medical cost up to $86billion in California.

Nature in California

The common use of the name "sequoia" generally refers to sequoiadendron, which occurs naturally only
in the various groves that exist on the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada Mountains of California.

(L) Closepin tree in the Mariposa Grove, Yosemite National Park
(M) General Sherman, is the largest tree in the world. The top of the giant sequoia reaches to a high of 83.8m.
The tree is believed to be between 2,300 and 2,700 years old, and is located in the area of Giant Forest
of Sequoia National Park.
(R) Redwood National Park, California

Active flame front of the Zaca Fire, the second largest fire on record in California,
which was started in early July and almost ended in late August 2007.

Smoking ban reduced medical cost up to $86billion in California.

University of California researchers has shown California's tobacco control program managed to reduce
medical costs by about 86 billion dollars (roughly 9 trillion yen) over a 15-year period. During this period,
the state invested 1.8 billion dollars in the control program, indicating the return from the investment
was about 50-fold.

The research team compared California's medical expense and other factors with those of 38 other states
that had not implemented comprehensive tobacco control programs prior to 2000. It found that the number
of patients with heart disease, lung cancer and other ailments dropped, and the spending for a health care
in 2004 was about 7.3 percent below the figure recorded in 1989, saving roughly 86 billion dollars.

Source: The Mainich Daily News, September13, 2008

NHK reported on TV that the state of California saved the 1.8 billion dollars medical expenditure brought
by a smoke-free ordinance.

United States UCSF Medical Center 2012
 Tobacco control in California
  California senate approved smoking ban for apartments.

Total Smoking Ban in USA

smorking ban New Jersey  Smoking Ban in New Jersey 
smorking ban Illinois USA Smoke-free Illinois Act 
smorking ban California USA Smoking Ban in California 1998
smorking ban Beverly Hills California Beverly Hills banned in all outdoor dining areas 
smorking ban condominium Smoking Ban in a condominium of California
smorking ban Washington state Smoking Ban in the State of Washington
smorking ban Oregon USA Smoking Ban in Oregon  
smorking ban Montana USA Montana passed statewide smoking Ban
smorking ban Colorado USA Colorado Clean Indoor Air Act
smorking ban Arizona USA Smoking Ban in Arizona 
smorking ban Maine USA Smoking Ban in the State of Maine
smorking ban Vermont USA Smoking Ban in Vermont 
smorking ban Massachusetts Smoking Ban in the Massachusetts state.
smorking ban New York Smoking Ban in New York 
smorking ban Maryland USA Smoking Ban in Maryland 
smorking ban Washington DC Smoking Ban in Washington, D.C.
smorking ban Minnesota USA Smoking Ban in Minnesota 
smorking ban Delaware USA Smoking Ban in Delaware 
smorking ban Ohio USA Smoking Ban in Ohio 
smorking ban Iowa USA Smoking Ban in Iowa 
smorking ban Utah USA Smoking Ban in Utah 
smorking ban Rhode Island Smoking Ban in Rhode Island 
smorking ban Nevada USA Smoking Ban in Nevada 
smorking ban Virginia USA Smoking Ban in Virginia
smorking ban Michigan USA Smoking Ban in Michigan 
smorking ban Wisconsin USA Smoking Ban in Wisconsin




資料引用  2008年9月12日付毎日新聞

2008年9月執筆 2009年11月英文加筆

「禁煙席ネット」主宰 日本タバコフリー学会顧問 医学博士 宮本順伯
This Web site is link-free.
The articles were written in September 2008, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.

Beverly Hills banned all outdoor dining areas.

Special Note
 Two South Kuril and two islands off Hokkaido are the own land of Japan.

 テレビ小窓の人物表示をやめよ  朝日新聞私の視点 「受動喫煙防止法を制定せよ」   南千島、北方4島は日本固有の領土
 生活基盤と自然とを調和させた未来を  喝!日本の政治社会批判   警告 :節税賃貸住宅が乱立

www. kinenseki.net  アクセスの多いサイトを含めた索引
The way to contact to the writter
Junhaku Miyamoto profile

受動喫煙防止条例  屋内全面禁煙  鉄道車内完全禁煙レンタカー レストラン バー 飲食店 ホテル 空港 公共空間 喫煙規制
Restaurant hotel railway rent-a-car travel airport tobacco smoking ban