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Smoking ban reduced medical cost up to $86billion in California.



Nature in California

The common use of the name "sequoia" generally refers to sequoiadendron, which occurs naturally only
in the various groves that exist on the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada Mountains of California.


(L) Closepin tree in the Mariposa Grove, Yosemite National Park
(M) General Sherman, is the largest tree in the world. The top of the giant sequoia reaches to a high of 83.8m.
The tree is believed to be between 2,300 and 2,700 years old, and is located in the area of Giant Forest
of Sequoia National Park.
(R) Redwood National Park, California

Active flame front of the Zaca Fire, the second largest fire on record in California,
which was started in early July and almost ended in late August 2007.


Smoking ban reduced medical cost up to $86billion in California.

University of California researchers has shown California's tobacco control program managed to reduce
medical costs by about 86 billion dollars (roughly 9 trillion yen) over a 15-year period. During this period,
the state invested 1.8 billion dollars in the control program, indicating the return from the investment
was about 50-fold.

The research team compared California's medical expense and other factors with those of 38 other states
that had not implemented comprehensive tobacco control programs prior to 2000. It found that the number
of patients with heart disease, lung cancer and other ailments dropped, and the spending for a health care
in 2004 was about 7.3 percent below the figure recorded in 1989, saving roughly 86 billion dollars.

Source: The Mainich Daily News, September13, 2008



NHK reported on TV that the state of California saved the 1.8 billion dollars medical expenditure brought
by a smoke-free ordinance.


United States UCSF Medical Center 2012
 Tobacco control in California
  California senate approved smoking ban for apartments.

Total Smoking Ban in USA

smorking ban New Jersey  Smoking Ban in New Jersey 
smorking ban Illinois USA Smoke-free Illinois Act 
smorking ban California USA Smoking Ban in California 1998
smorking ban Beverly Hills California Beverly Hills banned in all outdoor dining areas 
smorking ban condominium Smoking Ban in a condominium of California
smorking ban Washington state Smoking Ban in the State of Washington
smorking ban Oregon USA Smoking Ban in Oregon  
smorking ban Montana USA Montana passed statewide smoking Ban
smorking ban Colorado USA Colorado Clean Indoor Air Act
smorking ban Arizona USA Smoking Ban in Arizona 
smorking ban Maine USA Smoking Ban in the State of Maine
smorking ban Vermont USA Smoking Ban in Vermont 
smorking ban Massachusetts Smoking Ban in the Massachusetts state.
smorking ban New York Smoking Ban in New York 
smorking ban Maryland USA Smoking Ban in Maryland 
smorking ban Washington DC Smoking Ban in Washington, D.C.
smorking ban Minnesota USA Smoking Ban in Minnesota 
smorking ban Delaware USA Smoking Ban in Delaware 
smorking ban Ohio USA Smoking Ban in Ohio 
smorking ban Iowa USA Smoking Ban in Iowa 
smorking ban Utah USA Smoking Ban in Utah 
smorking ban Rhode Island Smoking Ban in Rhode Island 
smorking ban Nevada USA Smoking Ban in Nevada 
smorking ban Virginia USA Smoking Ban in Virginia
smorking ban Michigan USA Smoking Ban in Michigan 
smorking ban Wisconsin USA Smoking Ban in Wisconsin




喫煙規制後のカリフォルニア州で9兆円規模の医療費削減  

カリフォルニア州法で最初に施設内での喫煙規制が実施されたのは1989年といわれているが、
レストランにおける喫煙規制が実施されたのは1994年で、1998年にはバー、クラブでの
全面禁煙が実現した。州当局は積極的にタバコを吸うことの危険性、またタバコの先から
放散される副流煙の有害性につき、メディアを通じて広報活動を続けてきた。

この目的のために、過去15年間に18億ドル(2008年9月現在、1ドル107円)の資金を
投入してきた。カリフォルニア大学研究チームの分析によれば、この間に削減出来た医療費の
総額は860億ドルとなり、投入した金額の50倍ほどの投資成績を上げた計算となる。
研究チームは「規制は即効性があり、効果も大きい」と述べている。

カリフォルニア大学では、2000年までに喫煙規制を行わなかった他の38州の医療費との
比較検討も行った。その結果、2004年の医療費は5年前のそれと比べ73%、金額で860億ドル
節約できたはずと分析した。一方、タバコ販売量の減少額は92億ドルに達しただろうと
推測している。
資料引用  2008年9月12日付毎日新聞


喫煙規制の先駆者、カリフォルニア州で9兆円規模の医療費削減
2008年9月執筆 2009年11月英文加筆

「禁煙席ネット」主宰 日本タバコフリー学会顧問 医学博士 宮本順伯
This Web site is link-free.
The articles were written in September 2008, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.




Beverly Hills banned all outdoor dining areas.



Special Note
 Two South Kuril and two islands off Hokkaido are the own land of Japan.
 
全室禁煙ホテル(日本全国)
 世界の鉄道車内は完全禁煙
 レストラン、カフェ、鉄道の全面禁煙はオリンピック開催の前提条件
 受動喫煙防止でWHOが各国政府に屋内全面禁煙の法制化を勧告


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 テレビ小窓の人物表示をやめよ  朝日新聞私の視点 「受動喫煙防止法を制定せよ」   南千島、北方4島は日本固有の領土
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