New York

Manhattan, New York

Manhattan is located primarily on Manhattan Island at the mouth of the Hudson River. It is the most
densely populated county in the United States, with 27,485 residents per square kilometer. It is also
one of the wealthiest counties in the United States, with a 2005 personal income per capita above

(Source: US Bureau of Economic Analysis, 23.April.2009)

(L)A Satellite photo of Manhattan, New York by Nasa (R) Time Warner Center consists of 299 m high twin towers.

(L) Amtrak's Acela Express for Washington, D.C. arrived at Pennsylvania Station of New York City.
(R) A police Booth in the center of the hall of the second floor of Pennsylvania Station

(L) No smoking sign on the wall of Pennsylvania Station
(R) A sign board of the Starbucks saying 'Starbucks is a Smoke-free Environment'.

Manhattan is a major commercial, financial, and cultural center of both the United States and the world.
The most major radio, television, and telecommunication companies in United States are based here, as
well as much news, magazine, book, and other media publishers. Manhattan has many famous landmarks,
tourist attractions, museums, and universities. Manhattan has the largest central business district in the
United States, is the site of both the New York stock exchange and Nasdaq, and is the home of the numerous
number of corporate headquarters in the nation. It is the center of the New York City andmetropolitan
region, hosting the seat of city government and a large portion of the area's employment, business, and
entertainment activities.

(L) Tall buildings in Manhattan District (R) Reuters Headquarters in Times Square, Manhattan

(L) Metropolitan Museum, New York (R) A new yorker selling the pictures with a gorgeous color

(L) American Museum of Natural History is located next to the Central Park, New York.
(R) Tall buildings in Manhattan stand on the hard rocky stone layer.

(L) The ground under the bench on a sidewalk beside the Central Park is full of cigarette butts.
(M) A white woman is smoking while walking. The burning tip of cigarette may hit a child's eye.
(R) A street smoking by a Japanese couple

Entertainment center, Broadway, Manhattan, New York City

(L) The world economic center, New York Stock Exchange, Wall Street, Manhattan
(R) One of the world's most famous street, Wall Street, Manhattan, New York City

(L) No smoking sign plate at the American Stock Exchange
(R) A pole style-cigarette butt-receptor outside of the American Stock Exchange

'Charging bull' stands near Wall Street

World-famous ice Rink at Rockefeller Center, Manhattan, New York

New York City outdoor smoking ban begins.

Very quiet New York's Central Park with a rich in green

Smokers in New York City looking for lighting up in most public places will not be able to without
paying a price after an outdoor citywide smoking ban takes an effect. The law, which Mayor Michael
Bloomberg signed in February 2011 after it was passed by the New York City Council, will make
smoking illegal in New York City's 1,700 parks and on the city's 14 miles of public beaches. Smoking
will also be prohibited in pedestrian plazas like Times Square. The ban is designed to help curb
exposure to secondhand smoke as well as reduce litter.

Secondhand smoke causes close to 50,000 deaths per annum, and side effects may include lung
cancer, respiratory infections and asthma, according to the American Lung Association's website.
Cigarette butts account for 75% of
the litter found on New York City beaches, according to a news release from Bloomberg's office.
"Smoking in parks and beaches not only harms people trying to enjoy these recreational facilities.
It also causes a litter problem that harms the beauty of our parks," Bloomberg said before he signed
the bill into law. New York follows in the footsteps of 105 municipalities in states,including California,
Hawaii, Massachusetts and New Jersey that have banned smoking on public beaches. Major cities,
include Los Angeles, Minneapolis and Seattle. In states including California, Texas, Illinois, Minnesota
and New Jersey, 507 municipalities impose laws that prohibit city parks, or specifically named city
parks, to allow smoking. Major cities include Los Angeles, San Francisco and Salt Lake City. Puerto
Rico prohibits smoking in all parks and beaches.

"These smoke-free laws start at a local level," said Cynthia Hallett, executive director of Americans
for Nonsmokers' Rights. "They are based on community demand, science looking at exposure to
secondhand smoke and the environ-mental impact. Thirty-five states have laws, in effect, which
require the 100% smoke-free non-hospitality workplaces, restaurants or bars. The smokefree Laws
compiled in April 2011. In all, 79.4% of the country's population is covered by local and state laws
banning smoking. Hallett added that the trend to ban smoking is working from the inside out, starting
in the indoor workplace, moving to restaurants with patios and then eventually to the great outdoors.

The ban will be enforced by the city's parks department, and if violators are caught, they could be
fined $50. New York passed its first Smoke-Free Air Act in 1988, when smoking was banned in public
restrooms and taxicabs. Since then, the law has been amended three times, most notably in 2002,
when smoking in some indoor areas, including restaurants and bars, was banned.
Source: May 23, 2011 Jordana Ossad, CNN



 Photography: North-eastern USA 2007

States and Provinces of USA and Canada

smorking ban bc canada BC Canada
smorking ban alberta canada Alberta
smorking ban Saskatchewan Saskatchewan 
smorking ban manitoba canada Manitoba 
smorking ban ontario canada Ontario 
smorking ban quebec canada Quebec 
smorking ban new Brunswick New Brunswick 
smorking ban nova scotia Nova Scotia 

smorking ban New Jersey  New Jersey 
smorking ban Illinois USA Illinois 
smorking ban California USA California
smorking ban Beverly Hills California Beverly Hills 
smorking ban condominium Condominium of California
smorking ban Washington state State of Washington
smorking ban Oregon USA Oregon  
smorking ban Montana USA Montana
smorking ban Colorado USA Colorado
smorking ban Arizona USA Arizona 
smorking ban Maine USA Maine
smorking ban Vermont USA Vermont 
smorking ban Massachusetts Massachusetts
smorking ban New York New York 
smorking ban Maryland USA Maryland 
smorking ban Washington DC Washington,D.C.
smorking ban Virginia USA Virginia
smorking ban Minnesota USA Minnesota 
smorking ban Delaware USA Delaware 
smorking ban Ohio USA Ohio 
smorking ban Iowa USA Iowa 
smorking ban Utah USA Utah 
smorking ban Rhode Island Rhode Island 
smorking ban Nevada USA Nevada 
smorking ban Michigan USA Michigan 
smorking ban Wisconsin USA Wisconsin

USA and CANADA 2007
Arrival to Boston State of Maine to the Canadian Border Quebec City Autumn-tinted Quebec, Montreal Ottawa
Vermont and New Hampshire Boston  Boston Railway Boston Subway  Amtrak Acela Express  Manhattan1
Manhattan2 New York Railway  New York Subway and JFK Airport

USA and CANADA 2010
Washington, DC Ontario Michigan

Canada 2011
British Columbia Alberta  Trip to Canada 2011 Vancouver North Vancouver Whistler
Skytrain  VIA train Jasper Icefield and Bow Summit Emerald Lake Lake Louise Banff Calgary
Edmonton Hospitals in BC and Alberta Tobacco control in B.C. and Alberta 2011

写真撮影 2007年10月 2007年10月執筆 2009年11月 英文加筆
執筆  医学博士 宮本順伯
This Web site is link-free.
This information was provided by the Smokefree Hotel and Travel.
All photographs were taken in October 2007, unless otherwise described.
The article was written in October 2007, and revised in November 2009,
by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.
Information was added in June 2020.
Copyright (C) 2007 Junhaku Miyamoto, PhD. All right is reserved.

Manhattan New York
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