(L) Long Beach, California (R) Golden Gate Bridge viewed from underneath,
San Francisco, California
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-atlantic region of the United Stated.
It lies largely within the sprawling
most densely populated Metropolitan areas of New York and Philadelphia.
California senate approves smoking ban for apartments.
The California senate has passed a proposal to ban smoking in apartments.
Anti-smoking act will
allow the landlords to prohibit smoking in their apartment buildings to
tenants from second hand smoke.However, the news report did not disclose
would be meted out in case of violation.
The measure will strengthen previous anti-smoking measures that bar Californians
in many public places, including playgrounds, concert halls, restaurants,
offices and some beaches.
The California Apartment Association, which represents about 50,000 property
the smoking ban. The Western Center on Law and Poverty (WCLP), an NGO working
low-income Californians, argued that the proposal discriminates against
the poor, the disabled
and people of color, who smoke and rent at higher rates than other segments
of the population.
Source: Los Angeles Times, May 31,2008
Smoking ban in apartments and condominiums came in sight in Hawaii.
Now anti-smoking forces in Hawaii are setting their sights on apartments
and condos. The Coalition
for a Tobacco-Free Hawaii hopes to convince owners of residential rental
and condominium buildings
to prohibit smoking inside a private living area. The nonprofit group argues
emanating from the privacy of one unit may affect others when people live
in close quarters. As
laws like this become the norm, I think people are going to start thinking
about how, about where
we live," said H. Lee, University of Hawaii speech professor. The
state has already banned smoking
in restaurants, bars and within 20 feet of the entrances or windows of
Source: The Honolulu Advertiser.
Crater Lake National Park, Oregon. Photographed in August 1962, by Dr. Junhaku Miyamoto.
Agencies ban smoking in Oregon.
The North Bend City and Coos-Curry Housing Authorities have adopted the
policy to ban smoking
in the apartments and buildings they own. It will go into effect March
2010. The Woodland Apartments
Preservation and Powers Housing Development adopted the policy to prohibit
smoking in the houses
for rent in October 2009. They will not be allowed to smoke inside the
units or other buildings owned
by the agencies. However, residents will be allowed to smoke outside their
units 10 feet from
the doors of neighbors.
The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development published a notice
in July, 2009, strongly
encouraging housing authorities adopt the policies to prohibit smoking
inside. The purpose of this
ordinance is to protect staff from second-hand smoke while working in the
units and to reduce costs
of preparing vacant units for leasing.
In the state of Oregon, the landlords have already banned smoking in about
40 percent of their rental units.
Source: Portland Press Herald and others.
Salt Lake City, Utah
Utah’s Smoke-free Apartment and Condominium
Apartment and condominium residents, managers, and owners can now breathe
easier. The Utah
Smoke-Free Apartment and Condominium Guide, an online resource, promotes
in Utah. Nationally, 50,000 people die each year as consequent on secondhand
smoke (SHS) exposure.
Additionally, hundreds of thousands of people exposed to it suffer various
other illnesses, such as
asthma and bronchitis.
For condominium associations, smoking ban hits home
Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, photographed in May 2008, by Dr. Junhaku Miyamoto.
As smoking restrictions become increasingly widespread, smokers find the
last place they can indulge
freely is at home. Perhaps not for long if that home is a condominium.
Associations are passing their
own bans, and some include living units as well as common areas. The 1418
N. Lake Shore Drive
Condominium Association in Chicago, recently amended its declaration to
prohibit smoking in the interior
inside the units.
The amendment was prompted by a desire to create a healthier environment
for residents and their guests
at the 28-unit high-rise, which was built in 1981 in Chicago. The owners
are very health-conscious in this
building, and smoking isn't healthy," she said. The association is
seeking certification as a "green building"
under the LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) rating program
of the U.S. Green Building
Council. The vote to adopt the no-smoking amendment was nearly unanimous.
Smoke-free policies also
save money and lives by reducing cleaning and painting chores and by lowering
the risk of fire. . There are
two ways to impose a restriction. One is to amend the association's declaration;
the other is to pass a rule.
Reference: Chicago Tribune, October 01, 2010
Co-op & Condo Boards Consider Smoking Ban
It has become a hot-button real estate issue: many condos and co-ops considering a
vote to ban smoking
in their buildings. Some say it is a health issue, while others say it
is a violation of people's rights. However,
when your cigarette smoke goes into a neighbor's apartment, then you are
smoking in your neighbor's
apartment, and your neighbor has a right to not have second-hand smoke
taking place in their apartment.
If they cannot physically prevent the smoke from seeping into the units,
in that situation, banning to put
cigarettes may be the best way to protect residents' health and the building.
Many argue that it is not fair
for a building to tell people what they can do in their own homes. Nevertheless,
tenants knew that before
they moved in. It affects the market value as it's not normative in the
market. It can result in litigation,
which is costly to the building, and it makes potential purchasers suspect
as to what other kinds of rules
might be passed that could infringe on their privacy. While a board has
yet to pass a smoking ban, many
continue to discuss it.
Reference: May14, 2011, Jill Urban NY1 News
New Smoking Ban Proposal Targets Condos, Co-Ops
Some buildings don't want you to smoke in your own apartment.
At least half a dozen Manhattan condos and co-ops are considering a highly
controversial measure that
would make it illegal for individuals to smoke in their own apartments.
The co-op boards are expected
to raise the issue of smoke-free buildings before their shareholders at
meetings this spring, reports Wall
Street Journal. More co-ops are considering putting the matter to vote.
Such a proposal is in line
with the city's anti-smoking campaign, which has become increasingly aggressive
over the years. It
banned smoking in restaurants, then extended the ban to parks, pedestrian
plazas and public beaches.
The city has already banned smoking in public places in any building with
at least 10 units, but most
privately owned residential buildings have thus far refrained from imposing
an all-out smoking ban on
condo and co-op owners. Now, fueled in part by the city's efforts, fear
of potential smoking-related
lawsuits and increasing concern about the effects of second-hand smoke,
the long-standing rules may
be about to change. Despite the health benefits, some property owners aren't
enthusiastic about the
no-smoking proposal. Some fear it could decrease their property value.
Others, non-smokers included,
say such a rule would breach their constitutional right to privacy. Either
way, such a hotly debated
proposal faces roadblocks. More than two-thirds of all shareholders have
to vote to pass a proposal in
most co-ops, reports the Journal, and condos may call for at least a three-quarters
majority vote to
enact the ban.
Reference: NBC NEW YORK, Mar 16, 2011
Increasingly, Smoking Indoors Is Forbidden at Public Housing.
Tenement buildings in the Lower East Side of Manhattan, New York City
In January 2012, Maine will be the first state to ban smoking in public
housing in the country, in which
all of its public housing authorities are smoke-free, affecting about 12,000
tenants, after the model of
Auburn Housing Authority ( HA ), Maine, which became the authority to prohibit
smoking inside early
in 2004. Similar policies are being adopted with increasing frequency across
the country as cities move
aggressively to restrict smoking in more public places, from bars and restaurants
to parks, beaches and
vehicles. Boston will become the biggest city to ban smoking in its public
housing in coming September,
which serves about 25,000 tenants. Detroit, San Antonio and Portland, Oregon,
already have similar
restrictions in place. A smoking ban is largely a response to the risks
posed to nonsmokers by secondhand
smoke. In addition, property managers say smokeless apartments are cheaper
to clean, especially if there
is carpeting, and reduce the risk of fire.
Depending on who is asked, banning smoking in public housing is either
an effective way to promote
healthier living, as many officials and nonsmokers contend, or a violation
of individual liberties, as some
tenants argue. However, after several years of the ban, the objections
have gained no legal traction.
Smokers are not perceived as protected classes, and civil liberties groups
and legal aid societies say
they tend not to defend such cases. people. There are so many legitimate
issues that landlords can raise.
Housing officials point out that they do not require tenants to quit, only
to smoke outside, and they
often provide shelters for smokers. They also offer smoking-cessation programs,
although they say
few people attend. Many smokers just violate the ban and hope they avoid
getting caught, and are annoyed
when a neighbor reported him for smoking in his apartment. Smokers do not
like to go outside, especially
at night, because they are afraid of getting mugged and there are no security
cameras. Officials recognize
that a ban can be a burden for tenants, particularly because many are elderly
Secondhand smoke is an overwhelming public policy issue. Officials at various
The federal housing department says it is planning to gather information
next year on how various cities
including the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development( HUD),
say they hear far more
complaints from nonsmokers about their neighbors, who smoke than from smokers
claiming the right to
light up cigarette.
have carried out their bans and will publish a report of best practices,
in the hope of encouraging more HA
to enact their own. In Los Angeles, a spokeswoman said the HA was conducting
a review and might consider
a ban. In New York City, a HA spokeswoman said it had in no position to
enforce a ban. One hand,
Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg has been one of the most aggressive advocates
of ridding smoke from
public spaces and clamping down on other health-related menaces like trans
fats. A spokeswoman at
the city health department said officials were reviewing the experiences
of other municipalities. The
federal department cited reports that secondhand smoke caused the deaths
of 50,000 nonsmokers
nationwide each year. In 2006, it said, smoking was responsible for more
than 18,000 apartment fires
that resulted in the deaths of 700 people, excluding firefighters, and
caused almost $500 million in
It issued a second memorandum in September 2010 extending its recommendation
to other types of housing
by a local government, which provides housing vouchers to low-income families.
The New England Journal
of Medicine called for a complete smoking ban in any housing complex receiving
public found. However, HUD
is not likely to require a ban nationwide anytime soon. The director of
public housing programs for the agency,
said a mandate could result in evicting entire families, even if just one
person smoked. Most housing
authorities have long waiting lists, she said, and evictions would increase
homelessness, especially in a sour
economy. The experience in Maine suggests that evictions solely for smoking
violations are unusual. A concern
shifted to fairness to nonsmokers, and the dispensation for smokers was
revoked, prompting some to quit
the habit and some to move out. Still, questions of fairness persist because
those below the poverty line tend
to smoke more than those above it. Studies show that, on average, 30 percent
of people in public housing is
smokers, compared with 20 percent of the general population.
Reference: The New York Times December 17, 2011
Smoke-Free Environments Law Project
Smoking Ban in Hotels of the World
The ratio of a smoking guest room to the total was reported by an actual
Total Smoking Ban in USA and Canada
Smoke-free BC Canada
Smoking Ban in Public and Work places in Alberta
Smoking Ban in Saskatchewan
Nonsmokers Health Protection Act, Manitoba
Smoke-free Ontario Act
Tobaco Control in Quebec
Smoke-free Places Act, New Brunswick
Smoke-free Places Act, Nova Scotia
Smoking Ban in New Jersey
Smoke-free Illinois Act
Smoking Ban in California 1998
Beverly Hills banned in all outdoor dining areas
Smoking Ban in a condominium of California
Smoking Ban in the State of Washington
Smoking Ban in Oregon
Montana passed statewide smoking Ban
Colorado Clean Indoor Air Act
Smoking Ban in Arizona
Smoking Ban in the State of Maine
Smoking Ban in Vermont
Smoking Ban in the Ｍassachusetts state.
Smoking Ban in New York
Smoking Ban in Maryland
Smoking Ban in Washington,D.C.
Smoking Ban in Minnesota
Smoking Ban in Delaware
Smoking Ban in Ohio
Smoking Ban in Iowa
Smoking Ban in Utah
Smoking Ban in Rhode Island
Smoking Ban in Nevada
Smoking Ban in Virginia
Smoking Ban in Michigan
Smoking Ban in Wisconsin
「禁煙席ネット」主宰 日本タバコフリー学会顧問 医学博士 宮本順伯
★ This Web site is link-free.
The report was written in December 2007 and added in December 2011, photographs
used in part of this article
were taken in August 1962, by Junhaku Miyamoto, MD, PhD.