english index tobacco control English Index  english index tobacco control 日本語検索

Uruguay, South America

Smoking ban in public places in Uruguay


Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay sometimes rendered as the Eastern Republic of Uruguay
in the English language is a country located in the southeastern part of South America. It is home to some
3.5 million people, of whom 1.4 million live in the capital Montevideo and its metropolitan area. An estimated
88% of the population is of European descent.

Uruguay is one of the most economically developed countries in South America, with a high GDP per capita.
The economy is largely based on agriculture and the state sector. Uruguay is rated as the least corrupt
country in Latin America, with its political and labour conditions being among the freest on the continent.

Source: University of Texas Libraries and a satellite image of Uruguay

Smoking ban was enforced in Uruguay.

Smoking in Uruguay in enclosed public spaces became illegal in March 2006. Now bars,
restaurants or offices where people are caught smoking face fines of more than $1,100
or a three-day closure. Uruguay was the first country in Latin America to ban smoking
in enclosed public spaces. Anti-smoking groups estimate that as many as a third of 3.4
million people smoke. President Tabare Vazquez, a practicing oncologist, has cited
reports suggesting about seven people die each day in Uruguay, that is estimated 5,000
people a year, from smoking-related causes, including lung cancer, emphysema and
other illnesses.

To help promote the plan, president Vazquez launched a campaign called "A Million Thanks,"
which is a reference to the number of Uruguayan smokers. So far, the campaign seems
to have won these people over, as an opinion poll conducted by the Ministry of Public Health
states that close to 70% of the country's smokers support the legislation. The president
was the impetus behind the government-decreed measure, which is among the world
toughest and is similar to the ban, which has been already in place, in Ireland, Sweden,
and Norway.
Source: Wikipedia

Uruguay: Successful national smoking ban

Exposure to secondhand smoke decreased greatly in indoor public places and workplaces
in Montevideo after the implementation of a national smoking ban in 2006. The overall
nicotine reduction between 2002 and 2007 was 91%, and the greatest reductions were
observed in schools at 97%, the airport at 94%, and the hospital at 89%. Study authors
note that nationwide smoking ban legislation can be successfully implemented in low- and
middle-income countries. "Reduction of secondhand tobacco smoke in public places
following national smoke-free legislation in Uruguay"
Source: Tobacco Control 2010; 19:231-234
The manuscript was accepted on 7 February 2010.


Brazil, the country in progress for the future
Smoking Ban in South America
A Smoke-free, healthy, comfortable surrounding is the minimum standard for Olympic.
Pictorial Health Warning for Smoking in Brazil
Incomplete Smoking Ban in Portugal

「禁煙席ネット」 主宰 日本タバコフリー学会顧問 医学博士 宮本順伯
This Web site is link-free.
The articles were written in August 2010, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.

Leading Countries in Smoking Ban
 Italy    Malta   Ireland    North Ireland  New Zealand  Hawaii    Australia
 USA/Canada  Guam Island  Denmark  Sweden    France  
 UK    Thailand    Iceland    Finland

Special Note:
 Two South Kuril and two islands off Hokkaido are the own land of Japan.



 毎日新聞闘論 「サマータイム」・経団連の導入根拠に反論   猫でも分かる「だまし」のサマータイム
 朝日新聞論壇 「サマータイムは迷惑千万」  テレビ小窓の人物表示をやめよ   朝日新聞論壇 「男女産み分け親の権利か」
 朝日新聞私の視点 「受動喫煙防止法を制定せよ」   南千島、北方4島は日本固有の領土  生活基盤と自然とを調和させた未来を
 喝!日本の政治社会批判   警告 :節税賃貸住宅が乱立

www. kinenseki.net アクセスの多いサイトを含めた索引
The way to contact to the writter
Junhaku Miyamoto: profile

受動喫煙防止条例  屋内全面禁煙  鉄道車内完全禁煙レンタカー レストラン バー 飲食店 ホテル 空港 公共空間 喫煙規制
Restaurant hotel railway rent-a-car travel airport tobacco smoking ban