Republic of Iraq

Map of Iraq and space view of Zagros mountains from space

Republic of Iraq is a country spanning most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the
eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert.

Iraq has a narrow section of coastline measuring 58 kms on the northern Persian Gulf. The capital,
Baghdad is in the center-east of the country. The population of Baghdad as of 2011 is approximately
7,200,000, making it the largest city in Iraq, the second-largest city in the Arab World, after Cairo, Egypt.

The 13th century painting of Mongol soldiers, the conversion of Ghazan Khan to Islam and Ghazan on his horse

Iraq is comparable in size to the US state of California. Iraq mainly consists of desert, but near the two
major rivers, Euphrates and Tigris, are fertile alluvial plains, as the rivers carry about 60,000,000 sqms of
silt annually to the delta. The north of the country is mostly composed of mountains. Iraq has a small
coastline measuring 58 kms along the Persian Gulf.

Iraq ranks second in the world behind Saudi Arabia in the amount of Oil reserves, yet the United States
Department of Energy estimates that up to 90% of the country remains unexplored. Iraq's oil production
costs are among the lowest in the world, but only 2,000 oil wells have been drilled in Iraq, compared with
one million wells in Texas alone.
Source: Wikipedia

Topographic map of Iraq.

Oil fire at the Rumaila oil field in 2003

In March 2003, a United States-organized coalition invaded Iraq, with the stated reason, which Iraq
had failed to abandon its nuclear and chemical weapons' development program in violation of U.N.
President Bush declared that Iraq was a member of the "Axis of Evil" and that, like North Korea
and Iran, Iraq's attempt to acquire weapons of mass destruction posed a serious threat to U.S.
national security. These claims were based on documents that were provided to him by the CIA
and the government of the United Kingdom. However, according to a comprehensive U.S. government
report, no weapons of mass destruction was found. After over seven years' occupation, U.S. forces
ended combat missions in Iraq in August 2010.
Source: Wikipedia

Iraq's parliament bans smoking in public places.

The Iraqi parliament in February 2012 approved an anti-smoking law that stipulates about $8.50
fine for smoking in public, in a country where such smoking is a fixture. Smoking in government
offices, schools, universities, hospitals, airports, offices, theatres, gathering places, hotels, restaurants,
nightclubs, markets and petrol stations will be banned.The law aims to protect citizens from the
danger of tobacco and reduce the number of smokers by taking measures to combat this plague.
It is based on Article 33 of the constitution, which describes that every individual has the right
to live in safe environmental conditions.

Source: AFP Feb 2, 2012 Baghdad


イラクの地形は3つに大別できる。 国土を特徴付ける地形は対になって北西から南東方向に流れる
の峰と尾根となっている。イラク最高峰のハジ・イブラヒーム山 (3600m) もザグロス山中、国境線沿い

原油確認埋蔵量は1,120億バレルで、サウジアラビア・イランに次ぐ, 世界で3番目の原油埋蔵国である。



執筆 医学博士 宮本順伯

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This information was provided by the Smokefree Hotel and Travel.
The article was written in February 2012, by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.
Copyright (C) 2012 Junhaku Miyamoto, PhD. All right is reserved.

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