Singapore has topped 131 cities globally to become the world's most expensive
city to live in
2014, according to the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU).
Source: University of Texas Libraries
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is an island city-state, located at the southern
tip of the Malay Peninsula, 137 kms north of the equator, and south of
the Malaysian state
of Johor. The area of Songapore is 710 square kms. Population is estimated
(L) Imperial Japanese army troops were marching in downtown Singapore in
Japan at that time did not well recognize that the economic corporation
is more important than that of armed intervention.
(R) Singapore Botanic Gardens has a collection of more than 3,000 species
Merlion at night in the Merlion Park. Photographed in April 1990.
Smoking ban in public places of Singapore
Beginning July 2006, Singapore's government enforced a total smoking ban
in cafes and
fast-food outlets. For establishments with an outdoor area, 10-20% of the area can be set
aside for smoking, although they would have to be clearly marked to avoid
Gradually, the ban has been extended to bus shelters, public toilets and
complexes. In July 2007, the ban was extended to entertainment night spots.
The rule allows for the construction of designated smoking rooms, which
can take up to
10% of the total indoor space. In January 2009, the ban was extended to
all children's play-
grounds, exercise areas, markets, underground and multi-storey car parks,
and jetties. It was also extended to non-air conditioned areas in offices, factories, shops and
lift lobbies. Smokers found flouting the rules are fined S$200 while the
owners of the esta-
blishments are fined S$200 and S$500 for a subsequent offence.
(L) No-smoking sign (R) A sign plate shows the designated smoking area
(L) Temple, hotel and a central business district. Photographed in April 1990.
(R) Singapore in 2021
Smoking ban extended to more public areas.
National Environment Agency (NEA) is extending the smoking ban to more
places with effect
from January 2013. The new list of smoke-free areas that have been included
in the Smoking
Act covers common areas of residential buildings such as common corridors, staircases,
tairwells and void decks as well as multi-purpose halls, covered walkways
all pedestrian overhead bridges, within fivemetres of bus shelters and
compounds. Smokers who wish to smoke may do so at other areas. Together,
we can make
Singapore a cleaner and healthier place for all to live in.
Source: National Environment Agency
The First Smoke-Free Hotel in Singapore
Royal Plaza (RP) is the first completely smoke-free business hotel, continues to get to positive
results from its move to promote the health of its employees through its
implemented in early 2007.
'The decision to go to 100 percent smoke-free on our premises was based
on the health
benefits for both our guests as well as our staff,' said Patrick Fiat,
general manager of RP.
'A completely smoke-free environment protects our staff and the guests
from the harmful
effects of tobacco-smoke. It is also our way of showing support for the
initiative to ban smoking in a public place.'
Source: Green Lodging News January 24, 2008
Smoking ban in Hong Kongs 2012-2013
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This information was provided by the Smokefree Hotel and Travel.
A photography was taken in April 1990.
The report was written in March 2008, last revised in October 2021, by
Junhaku Miyamoto, MD, PhD.