Smoking Ban in the District of Columbia
An electric bulletin board at the Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport
says ' Smoking is prohibited in public places inside the terminal.
The D.C. Council gave final approval to a broad banned in bars, restaurants,
night clubs, and other public
places, to add the nation's capital to a growing list of smoke-free cities
and states. It exempted the outdoor
areas, hotel guest rooms, retail tobacco outlets, cigar bars, and business,
which can show that they receive
10% or more of their annual revenue from tobacco sales, excluding cigarette
The District's smoking ban, modeled closely on New York City's, enforced
from January 2007.
(L) The sign plate, which shows the prohibited act in the Metroraiway,
Washington, DC area
(R) A Metro train on the platform of Silver Spring station
(L) A plateform of the Amtrak Acela Express
(R) No-smoking sign plate on the railway plateform of the Union Station,
(L) No-smoking sign plate within 25 feet (7.6 meter) from building was
posted near the Union Station.
(M)(R) A few people were smoking at the area not far from the station entrance.
(L) No-smoking sign plate within 15 feet (4.6 meter ) from building. This
photo was taken near a pizza house, in a bussiness distract.
(R) An oriental man, probably Chinese, was smoking while walking on a sidewalk
near the National Art and Space Museum.
No-smoking sign besides of the entrance door to the emergency room of Washington
A numerous cigarette butt discarded around the service fence entrance of
the emergency room.
(L) The L'Enfant Plaza Hotel is a complete smokefree hotel. In case of
smoking inside hotel will result in a penalty up to $300.
The hotel groups of Westin, Sheraton and Marriott in North America are
(R) A view of the Washington Monument from the window of a guest room of
L'Enfant Plaza Hotel
北に隣接するメリーランド州では2007年5月から「Clean Indoor Air Act」が施行され、閉鎖空間内の職場、
Smoking Restriction at Hotels in the World: Actual Survey
The ratio of a non-smoking guest room to the total hotel rooms was calculated,
based on-the-spot investigation.
Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels at Tokyo
Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels in Korea
Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels at Macau
Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels at Bangkok
Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels at Hong Kong
Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels at Vancouver
Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels at Seattle
Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels at San Francisco
Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels at Shanghai
Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels at Nice
Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels in Austria
Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels in Germany
Non-smoking-room ratio in hotels in Switzerland
Total smoking Ban in hotels at Moscow, Russia
Total smoking Ban in hotels at Saint Pertersburg, Russia
Smoke-free hotels in Japan
Smoke-free hotels in Tokyo
Smoke-free hotels in Kyoto and Nara, Japan
Arrival to Washington, D.C. The U.S.capitol Metro railway Union Station Museums Socioeconomic aspect
Smoking ban in Washington, D.C.
Ontario,Canada and Michigan, USA
Detroit Airport Niagara Falls Toronto Upper Michigan Lower Michigan
States of USA, including smoking restriction
Beverly Hills, California
Condominium of California
State of Washington
2008年11月執筆 2009年11月英文加筆 2010年10月改訂
執筆 医学博士 宮本順伯
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The article was written and photographs were taken by Junhaku Miyamoto,
PhD., in October 2010.