United States smoking ban
San Francisco/Oakland




Oakland International Airport

Oakland International Airport, also known as Metropolitan Oakland International Airport, is a public
airport located 7.4 km south of the central business district of Oakland, a city. One of three international
airports in the San Francisco Bay Area, airlines serving Oakland International provides service to
numerous destinations in the United States, as well as Europe and Mexico.



Oakland International Airport, photographed in June 2012.

(L) Transportation guide at the Oakland International Airport
(R) Smoking is prohibited within the area of 7.6 meters of enter-way, doors and windows.

San Francisco International Airport


San Francisco International Airport

San Francisco International Airport, SFO, is an important international airport, located 21 kms south of
downtown San Francisco. The airport has flights to points throughout North America and is a major gateway
to Europe and Asia. It is the largest airport in the San Francisco Bay Area and the second busiest airport
in California after Los Angeles International Airport.



(L) A porch to the airport (R) A skylight of the San Francisco International Airport building

(L) Interior of the airport (M) Interior of the air train of San Francisco International Airport
(R) Rental Car Center Station of the air train

San Francisco International Airport is smoke-free. No smoking booth is provided in the terminal building.

Smoking restriction of the world airports


Air Train, San Francisco

Air Train is a fully automated people mover at San Francisco International Airport. The system was built
by Bombardier at a cost of US $430 million, and opened in 2003. The trains operate 24 hours a day on
two separate lines, covering a total of 10 kilometres. Air Train provides access to and from the international
and domestic terminals in a loop route, with the end of the track at the Rental Car- Center station.


An automated air train truck links the international and domestic terminals.

Air Train links five terminal buildings at San Francisco International Airport.

BART

Bay Area Rapid Transit (Bart) is a rapid transit system serving San Francisco Bay Area. The heavy-rail
public transit and subway system connects San Francisco with other cities in East Bay and suburbs in
northern San Mateo County. Bart operates five lines on 167 kms of track with 44 stations. An average
weekday rider-ship is 380,000 passengers, and a weekend day passenger is 310,000. Bart is the fifth-
busiest heavy rail rapid transit system in the United States.



A route map of Bart's transit systems

A Bart train is waiting for departure at San Francisco International Airport Station.

(L) Bart's map around the San Francisco International Airport ( M) The entrance to the Bart station platform
(R) A Bart train ticket: No gross change was observed since the time of 1982.

San Francisco International Airport Station and a ticket gate

Bart Train at the Aiprport terminal station and at Powell Station

A platform at the Powel Bart station

(L) Interior of Bart Train (R) A landscape along the Bart railway truck between the airport and downtown, SanFrancisco


Muni Metro
Muni Metro is a pre-metro system, a tramway or light railway which includes segments built to rapid transit
standards, usually as part of a process of conversion to a metro railway, mainly by the construction of tunnels
in the central city area. It is serving San Francisco, operated by the San Francisco Municipal Railway (Muni).
Since an average weekday-passenger is 162,000, Muni Metro is the second-busiest light-rail system in the
United States.Muni Metro is the modern incarnation of the traditional streetcar system that served San Fran-
cisco, since the late 19th century. Alike many streetcar-lines in other cities, San Francisco also converted
street-car to buses. However, five lines survived, converting to be light-rail during the opening of the Market
Street Subway in 1980. The system underwent expansion, and completed in 2007. It started the first new
rail line in San Francisco in over half a century. The system consists of 115.1 km of standard gauge track,
seven light-rail lines, three tunnels, nine subway stations, 24 surface stations, and 87 surface stops.
Reference: Wikipedia


(L) Ticket bending machine for Bart (R) A route map of Muni's transit system

Powell Muni station and a Muni-train

(L) A route map of five Muni's railway transit system posted at Powll station
(R) A guidance of the exit of Powell underground station

(L) Muni N-line train at Powel station (M) Muni's trucks in the subway underground section
(R) The train is going up to a surface level.

The eastern portal of the Sunset Tunnel in San Francisco: This picture shows an N-Judah train is entering the tunnel.

(L) Sunset tunnel of N-Judah line (M) The N-Judah truck between the Sunset tunnel and Duboce and Noe Street
(R) The N-Judah train runs on Judah Street.

(L) N-Judah train runs on Judah Street (R) Inside the N-Judah Muni train

N-Judah train runs on Judah Street to the terminal of Ocean Beach.

N-Judah Muni train is turning around at the end of Judah Street at Ocean Beach.


Market Street is a major transit artery through the city of San Francisco. Muni's buses, trolley buses, and
heritage streetcars (on the F Market line) share the street, while below the street the two-level Market Street
Subway carries Muni Metro and Bart.Ocean Beach runs along the West Coast of San Francisco, at the Pacific
Ocean. It is next to the Golden Gate Park. The Great Highway runs alongside the beach. The distance to the
downtown is about 12 kms, and it is easily accessible by N-Munu line. The beach is a part of the Golden Gate
National Recreation Area, which is administered by the National Park Service.


F Market and Wharves heritage streetcars

A Muni-bus running the town of San Francisco

A security protection of passengers was on the way at the San Francisco's Muni-bus.

(L) A meeting by police staff members was undergone at the entrance to underground station of Powell and Market streets.
(R) Tourists were waiting for the cablecar at the Powell and Market turntable.

(L) A ticket office at Powell and Market Street corner (R) A cable car on the Powell and Market turntable

(L) Powell-Hyde-line cablecar on Powell Street (R) Many tourists were enjoying a up-and -down cablecar ride on the Cisco's streets.

Powell Street at Union Square, San Francisco

Cablecar climbs uphill on the Powell Street, then, turn to the left to Jackson Street.

Cable car railway track is single ( one-way traffic ) on Jackson Street.

Cable Car Museum ( a brick building ) on the Washington Street at Mason

Powell-Hyde-line cablecar is crossing Lombard Street on Russian Hill. We can see Alcatraz Prison, in the distance.

A bay view from Russian Hill on a slope of Hyde Street

Powell-Hyde-line cablecar is going down on Hyde Street to the terminal at San Francisco Maritime, a national historic park.

(L) Turntable to rotate a cablecar at Aquatic Park near Ghiardelli Square (R) A grip-man and conductor of the cable car

One-day passport is valid for all railways and buses, except for Bart.

A city of San Francisco viewed from the Golden Gate Bridge


BARTはサンフランシスコ国際空港へは直接国際線ターミナルに、オークランド国際空港にはエアバートバス・サービス
による乗り入れである。 鉄道延長は約110kmで、5路線6系統で結んでいる。中央制御による自動運転だが、ドアの
開閉や、安全確認、車内アナウンスを行う乗務員が進行方向前方の乗務員室にいる。

BARTは1972年9月にサンフランシスコ湾にかかるサンフランシスコ・オークランド・ベイブリッジの渋滞解消と湾岸
地区を東西に結ぶするために開通した。サンフランシスコ湾内の海底トンネルやダウンタウンなどの路線は地下鉄である。
筆者は1982年の国際学会で講演した時に始めてBARTに乗車したが、海底トンネルを高速で走り抜けるなど、その
すばらしさに感心した。しかし、2000年以降ははフランスをはじめ、ヨ−ロッパの国で洗練された車両の都市交通が
整備されて来ており、40年経過したBARTに当時の新しさは感じられない。

運賃は乗車区間によって異なる。各駅にある券売機で運賃分のバートのカードを購入することで乗車できる。運賃分以上
のカードを購入した場合、余剰分は後日、金額を加え運賃として使用できる。しかし、自動販売機で切符を買うときは
その複雑さに悩まされる。10ドル札を入れて一枚の切符を買うのは容易だが、そのあとで使用しなければ料金は戻って
こない。ぴったりの料金で乗車するには1ドルずつ上乗せして所定の運賃まで札やコインを一枚ずつ入れて行く。原則と
して小額の釣り銭は出るが、必ずしもそうではないようだ。自販機の半数は壊れていて使用できない。改めて日本の駅に
ある切符自販機の優秀さを、ここで再認識することになる。

サンフランシスコ市営鉄道、San Francisco Municipal Railway、通称 「Muni」は、サンフランシスコ市の公営公共
交通機関で、サンフランシスコ市営交通局 San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agencyが運営している。利用者
数で見ると、Muniはアメリカで7番目に規模が大きい輸送システムで、年間、210,000,000人以上の人が利用している。
Muniという名称は「San Francisco Municipal Railway」の「Municipal(市営の)」の短縮語である。多くのサン
フランシスコ人は「MUNI」と表記している。大地震のあった1906年より運行している路線もあるが、料金システムは
前近代的で、未だに運転手が現金を受け取っている。期間パスのない乗客は一番前の車両から乗らねばならないし、
常にお釣りのない現金を用意していなければならない。筆者は一日パス(14ドル)を利用したので、支払いの煩わしさ
から免れた。



Travel by Train
All railway trains should be completely smoke -free.

イタリア鉄道旅行・シシリア Italia Rail: Trenitalia
アイルランド鉄道旅行 Rail Travel Ireland
フィンランド鉄道 路面電車 地下鉄 Railways in Helsinki, Finland
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 Train in Norway, Trondheim to Oslo

米国・東北部鉄道旅行 Amtrak Acela Express: Boston-Newyork
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 Washington DC Metro/Union Station
シカゴ鉄道 Chicago CTA Rail
マイアミ鉄道 Miami Metro Rail

ストックホルム・空港鉄道 Stockholm Arlanda Airport and Express
ストックホルム地下鉄 Stockholm County Railways
スエーデンX2000の旅 X2000:Stockholm-Copenhagen Express
コペンハーゲン近郊鉄道・地下鉄 Greater Copenhagen Railways
パリ鉄道ターミナル駅 Paris Rail Terminals
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 Paris Metro-RER-Tram

韓国高速鉄道 Korea Train Express, Airport Express and Metro
タイ・バンコク鉄道 Bangkok Mass Transit/Thai Railways
韓国高速鉄道 Indian Railway
韓国高速鉄道 Dehli Metro
米国横断鉄道旅行 Airport Express and MTR, Hong Kong
台湾高速鉄道 Taiwan High-Speed Rail
台湾高速鉄道 China High-Speed Rail

シカゴ鉄道 Portugal Metro, Railways
マイアミ鉄道 Amsterdam Rail
シカゴ鉄道 High-speed train in Spain 2010
マイアミ鉄道 Barcelona Railways
 Railway Travel in France 2011
 Railway Travel in Germany 2011
サンフランシスコ鉄道 High-speed train in Germany, Austria and Switzerland 2013

 Vancouver Skytrain
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 Edomonton Metro
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 VIA train, Vancouver to Jasper
米国横断鉄道旅行 Amtrak: Seattle to Glacier National Park
サンフランシスコ鉄道 San Francisco: cable-car, tram and Bart
パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 Alaskan Railroad

 Moscow Metro
 Saint Petersburg Metro
 Sapsan, high-speed train of Russia
 Allegro, high-speed train between Finland and Russia

パリ近郊鉄道・地下鉄 Railways connecting Canberra and Sydney, Australia
米国・東北部鉄道旅行 Gold Coast Light-Rail
ニュージランド鉄道旅行 NZ Rail: Tranz Alpine/Scenic
オーストラリア鉄道旅行 Brief Journey by Australian Rail

 Narita Airport-City Rail Service
 Japanese high-speed train 'Hayabusa'
 Japanese high-speed train 'Super-Komachi'
Smoking ban in the railway trains of the world

Delta Aircraft is flying over the San Francisco Bay, going to land Oakland Airport( 14.57 min).
Delta Aircraft is flying over the San Francisco Bay, going to land Oakland Airport.( 19.53 min).
Air Train at San Francisco International Airport


Midwestern US and at San Francisco
Seattle 01 Seattle 02 Amtrak to Glacier National Park Glacier National Park Grand Teton National Parks
Yellowstone National Park 01 Yellowstone National Park 02 Smoking ban in National Parks
San Francisco 01 San Francisco 02 Hotels in San Francisco UCSF Medical Center
Smoking control in Midwestern US and at San Francisco

サンフランシスコ/オークランド
執筆 医学博士 宮本順伯
This Web site is link-free.
All photographs were taken in June 2012, and ,the article was written in July 2012,
by Junhaku Miyamoto, M.D., PhD.


United States smoking ban
Hotels in San Francisco




Special Note: 日本語表示

 Russia unduly occupies our Northern Territories of Japan.
 Smoke-free hotels in Japan
  Domestic travel in Japan
 WHO: Smoking should be banned in all public spaces.
 World population: seven billion v.s. Declining birth rate in Japan
 Nobody in the earth can destroy the natural beauty of the land.
 Stop merging war criminals and war victims at Yasukuni Shrine.
 Tax saving's rental housing is mushrooming.

www. smokefree.jpn.com
Copyright (C) 2006-2021 Junhaku Miyamoto, PhD. All right is reserved.
The way to contact to the writter
Smoke-free rental condominium in Tokyo (PR)
Junhaku Miyamoto: profile
Tokyo regional weather forecast


Smoke-free Hotel and Travel

受動喫煙防止条例  屋内全面禁煙  屋内喫煙設備撤去 鉄道車内完全禁煙レンタカー レストラン バー 飲食店 ホテル 空港 喫煙規制
Restaurant hotel railway rent-a-car travel airport condominium tobacco smoking ban
  Twitter@worldviewtokyo Twitter: @smokefreejpn Twitter@criticismjpn Twitter@nosmokechintai